During the course of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union entered with similar goals in mind. Their alliance, therefore, was formed solely based on mutual interest. After the second World War came to a close, future post-war plans for Germany were discussed in the Yalta and Potsdam conferences 1945. Soviets were frustrated by the U.S. not viewing them as holding just position of power. The United States had been suspicious of Soviet influence spreading throughout the world. In fact, President Harry S. Truman was suspicious of Joseph Stalin’s (Soviet dictator) intentions, after failing to allow free elections in Eastern Germany. Both nations were polarized in differentiating views; one favoring a capitalist democracy (U.S.) and …show more content…
Marshall. Also known as the European Recovery Program, this plan offered a financial recovery to Western Europe. After World War II, Europe and Asia were left in complete ruins. When Congress accepted Truman’s request for a $17 billion dollar aid, much of Europe recovered over a four year span (ushistory.org). This act may be seen as entirely humanitarian, as explained by Marshall: “Our policy is directed not against any country or doctrine but against hunger, poverty, desperation, and chaos. Its purpose should be the revival of a working economy,” (Document C). Marashall’s intentions were only to provide the basic necessities a country needs in order to function; however, it also simultaneously prevented the spread of communism. The Marshall Plan supported the development of stable democratic governments in Western Europe, connecting to the policy of containment. Communism threatened to expand as the Soviets influence spread to much of Eastern Europe. Western Europe faced no serious threat of possible communist control. Soon, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was created in 1949 by the United States, Canada, and several Western European nations to provide collective security against the Soviet Union. The establishment of this document further ensured that the spread of communism would not be tolerated, as the nation's associated with this treaty will protect themselves from possible …show more content…
It was soon decided that Germany were to be broken up into four zones, the Allied powers making up the Western portion while the East would be controlled by the Soviet Union. The Berlin Airlift, also known as the Berlin Blockade, was an operation orchestrated by the U.S. aiding those in Berlin with supplies needed to keep the city running. Berlin was completely surrounded by Soviet zones; Russia closed all highways, railroads, and canals that led west Germany to west Berlin. This move was put into place in order to make food and other such supplies entirely feasible to those who lived in Berlin. Their hopes were to eventually take capitalist influences (Britain, France, and the U.S.) out of the city in order for it to be overrun by communist control. This operation successfully lasted more than a year, helping Berlin as the U.S. delivered more than 2.3 million tons worth of cargo (history.com). The significance of the Berlin Airlift was that it demonstrated to the Soviet Union that the western Allies would not simply allow communism take territories that choose to be democratic. The U.S. was prepared to go to extraordinary lengths to maintain West Berlin’s independence. This idea is further detailed in a photographed image shown on Document B, representing one of the many thousand planes that dropped supplies to those in need within
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At the end of the Second World War, the European economy was devastated and the continent was in despair, and there was no political or economic stability in the region. Secretary Marshall believed that a politically stable and an economically strong Europe could serve the best interests of the United States. In June of 1947, Marshall revealed his mega plan for his European economic recovery program, also known as the “Marshall Plan”, which would, modernize industry, boost trade and make Europe prosperous continent again. The plan was a big success that laid the framework for a rebuilding of war ruined Europe and the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Marshall was not only dedicated to building a strong defense to safeguard the freedom and security of our nation, but also determined to find peaceful solutions to world conflicts.
Soviet Union and United States wanted to put the halves back together, but had different ideas of how the government should be run, which caused tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States to escalate. The United States thought that the Soviet Union wanted to spread communism to surrounding nations. The United States focused on communism, to start, President Harry S Truman created a foreign policy called the Truman Doctrine to defend the Soviet's political pushes. With the policy established, the United States would contribute any forces or supplies needed to those nations under fire from outside and in-house forces. The plan was set to defend areas anywhere from Asia to Europe.
Instantly following the end of the Second World War, the fears of the American people rapidly began accumulating as the mistrust between, the United States and the Soviet Union intensified. During World War II, tension between the two world powers began to emerge through ideological differences such as political beliefs and contrasting views regarding the future of Poland that took place at both the Yalta conference and Potsdam. This lasting skepticism only increased as the Soviets started to become more advanced through nuclear weapons and developments in space technology. Despite Eisenhower’s acknowledgment of these widespread fears, he was not particularly successful in addressing them. The American people lived in constant fear of the spread
Moreover, the goal was to stop any attempts the Soviet Union made to spread communism, which was confirmed in an explanation given about the program, “In the two years after the war, the Soviet Union’s control of Eastern Europe and the vulnerability of Western European countries to Soviet expansionism heightened the sense of crisis” (U.S. National Archives & Records Administration, n.d.). “… the Marshall Plan is credited rebuilding Western Europe after WWII, it has also been criticized for contributing to the beginning of the Cold War” (Weissman, 2013, p. 114). The Soviets opposed the plan and Stalin believed it was a way to encourage democracy and a free-market economy (Weissman,
World War II caused many tensions in the world, even in the allied nations. After the war, relations between the United States and the Soviet Union were especially tense. The communistic ideals of the Soviet Union clashed with United States capitalism on many occasions. The Soviets wanted to expand their empire and economy to other areas of the world; the U.S. wanted the opposite. They were determined to keep communism where it is, which brings up the question: how did the U.S. contain communism?
The Berlin Airlift began because the U.S. didn’t want to take military action against the U.S.S.R. but needed to get necessary supplies to West Berlin. During the Berlin Airlift 2.3 million tons of goods were carried and dropped into West Berlin as stated in the article titled “The Berlin Airlift” from history.com. The Berlin Airlift lasted for approximately one year. During that year 272,000 flights were flown to West Berlin to drop off supplies. The U.S. titled one of their operations during the airlift “Little Vittles”, which was when the U.S. would drop candy bars for the children of West Berlin.
During the 1940 's, the United States faced the pressing challenge of transferring from war to peacetime after the events of World War II. One of the major challenges that America faced after WWII was the cold war between the U.S and the U.S.S.R as a result of the ideological differences between the two. A number of incidents in the 1940 's contributed to the tensions between the Untied States and the Soviet Union, particularly the United State 's involvement in Turkey and Greece, as well as the war in Korea. Paranoia and suspension between the Soviet Union and the United, fueled by events such as the USSR 's violation of promises made at the Yalta Conference to hold democratic elections, led the United States to peruse the concept of
Source A presents the American response to the Marshall Plan, including the motivation for its creation being to revive a working economy in the world to prevent chaos, loss of peace and an unbalanced economy. Source B then presents the Soviet response to the Marshall Plan, suggesting that it was a clear threat to its influence in Eastern Europe and it was an attempt to spread their economic and political control. Clearly the superpowers had totally different responses to the creation of the Marshall Plan, and the sources express these responses from both sides in great
Berlin Airlift The Berlin Airlift began when the Soviet Union built a blockade preventing supply transportation and forced the Americans to begin the Berlin Airlift. East Berlin was controlled by the communists and West Berlin was controlled by the U.S and supported by the Western Powers. The Soviet Union was concerned because it’s East Germans were fleeing to the new democratic West Berlin. In order to stop any more from leaving, Stalin completely isolated Berlin with large iron walls called the Berlin Wall- also referred to as the Iron Curtain.
Marshall. This plan idea was to reform, aid, and reconstruct Europe after World War II. After the war, much of Europe was still feeling the damage and result of the War. George C. Marshall suggested that they aid the Country in billions of Dollars to help the country get back on its feet economically. This term is significant because it showed at this time in history that capitalism is on its way down, and communism is on the rise throughout the world.
RONALD REAGAN AND THE BERLIN WALL THESIS STATEMENT Ronald Reagan’s speech at the Berlin wall challenged Gorbachev to tear down the wall because communism supported by Soviet Union divided the Germans and caused the Berlin wall. Berlin wall The Berlin Wall, one of the key symbols of the Cold War conflict, was constructed by the Soviet-influenced East German state in August 1961 to stop East Berlin residents from fleeing west. For nearly three decades it reminded the world of the division between East and West, between the Communist and the western countries.
People were totally disappointed, hopeless and aimless, they considered themselves to be in the state of poverty for the rest of their life. Marshall Plan provided people of Europe with a new hope of sound
In that period after World War II the purpose for the Alliance was keeping Sovi-ets down Germany out and US in. ‘Deterring Soviet expansionism, forbidding the revival of nationalist militarism in Europe through a strong North American presence on the continent, and encouraging European political integration’ (A short history of NATO). Moreover, ‘several Western European democracies came together to imple-ment various projects for greater military cooperation and collective defence, includ-ing the creation of the Western Union in 1948, later to become the Western Europe-an Union in 1954. In the end, it was determined that only a truly transatlantic se-curity agreement could deter Soviet aggression while simultaneously preventing the revival of European militarism and laying the groundwork for political integration’ (A short history of NATO).
When the Soviets blocked off all land and water routes in, it cut off all supplies that the Berlin people import and rely on to survive. And that shook the people pretty bad, some died of starvation, some died of disease, and some died of hypothermia. Once the United States saw what was happening,