Further, he adds that this is best explained as the ability of capitalism to manufacture commodities from both unfounded needs and social problems. Through the use of secondary data, prominent critics have described crime-prevention goods’ consumption and crime trends as a design through which capitalism has contributed to commodification of crime. However, proponents of capitalism argue that this is a mere scheme of the media to undermine capitalism. For instance, in the wake of 1991, after the fall of the Soviet Union, reports came out from the Western press concerning rapid increase in criminal activities in the “new Russia” (Wright, 2000). These reports chronicled frequent kidnappings, protection rackets, gruesome murders, blatant sexual violence and harassment, extortion schemes, general rise in anxiety and fear among the population, and rampant police and government corruption.
However, when we are talking about white-collar crime, it is possible to mention about fraud, corruption, embezzlement, tax evasion, and others. As a result, both crimes have their own victims and the effects of these crimes can be very catastrophic to the community. Both street crime and white-collar crime have major consequences. They both can inflict bodily harm and financial harm upon people causing great harm to the victim, victim’s family, or
Every day we hear about crime and criminals in newspapers, on television, news reports and in general conversations throughout our socials circles. It is a constant concern and fear in society today and down through the generations. Crime is defined in some dictionaries as ‘’an act or omission that violates the law of the land and punishable by the guardians of the law.’’ Finding solutions for crime is an ongoing process. There are many theories on crime, causation and solutions. Politicians, interest groups, journalists and individual researchers have tried to find the cause of crime and the solution to this problem.
The role of a criminal psychologist is not just to use their expertise to figure out the mind of a criminal, but it is also used for understanding, developing and improving the life of the people they deal with. When a person commits a crime that the police cannot fully understand or handle, they can call in the help of a criminal psychologist. Different methods of solving and understanding a situation can be used. Criminal psychologists are involved in many parts of the legal process, whether its interviews, assessments, therapy or prison life, they can have a huge input on a case. Example; a man is struggling with a divorce, his kids have no time for him now that his ex-wife hates him.
1.0 INTRODUCTION WHAT IS CRIME? Crime is any action or offence that defies a state or country and is punishable by law. Crime has many definitions. In fact the most common thing about these definitions is that crime is punishable. Crime cuts across many disciplines such as sociology, psychology and criminology.
Police officers usually get search warrants by convincing a neutral and detached magistrate in a written statements (affidavits) based on their observations, or police informants that they have probable cause to believe that criminal activity is occurring at the place to be searched or that evidence of a crime may be found there. In addition, the police officers are able to interrogate people in search for evidence or useful information regarding the offence committed or a suspected incidence likely to cause security threats among the
Would you rather be a victim of a crime that is associated with street crime or white-collar crime? These two types of crimes have many victims, but the victims in each situation are affected very differently. Street crime and white-collar crime are two drastically different things. White-collar crime deals mainly with money while street crime deals with crimes such as rape, domestic violence, murder, and crimes such as these. White-collar crime is crime that is defined as non-violent.
The second step is planning the investigation. During this phase, a meeting is conducted by the police officers among themselves. For that reason, they discuss what information or evidence they have at the moment. Then, a timeline is created by the investigator in order to know the sequence events at the crime scene. As mentioned by Criminal Justice Compendium for Somaliland (2015), all of the materials obtained are sort according into victim and witness evidence statements.
That is because when the testimony is presented in the court, it may serve solely to prove that the suspect was taken there by the cops. VII. PIs vs. Police: Different Perspectives of Crime Scene There is a clear distinction between what a crime scene means for a police officer or detective and a private investigator. For a private investigator in Oklahoma City, just like everyone else a crime scene is a place where any criminal act had transpired, and now it is open for everyday use. On the contrary, police officers and detectives consider an area like the one that is cordoned off by yellow tape as a crime scene, a place where careful protocols are followed for evidence recordation and
The elite can afford expensive lawyers and sometimes friendly with the people in control of creating and enforcing laws. The working class does not have these advantages. The working class is likely to commit street crime, such as robbery and assault. A homeless individual is more probable to be categorized deviant than an executive who misuses finances from the corporation. The elite are less likely to commit acts of violence but more expected
Then there are the members who know their place and know their jobs. Now everyone at this level has their own jobs to do; they recruit, or smuggle/ sell drugs, collect money, or kill. Of course everyone does a little of everything. Then the new recruits, they are still learning everything about the gang, and are watched closely. Chester and his friend were members, but they messed up when they talked about their gang’s inner workings.
To join the Nazi party was very popular back then. Throughout his career, Eichmann worked his way to the top and built up his reputation. Adolf Eichmann started out as a filing clerk. He was assigned specially to the Jewish section where he learned all about Jewish culture. In 1939, Adolf Eichmann was transferred to a department regarding Jewish affairs.
According to Steffensmeier, organized crime is one of the fields that are very difficult to evaluate, conduct research on, and develop policy recommendations. An organization called RICO (Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations) are aimed at organized crime but they do not define organized crime, instead they address “racketeering.” The key elements of organized crime are those involved in associate for the purpose of engaging in criminal activity on a sustained basis, they engage in enterprise crime by illegally providing goods or services, these activities require a fair amount of cooperation and organization. In addition, to size and degree of formal structure, criminal organizations can be identified and compared relative to their scope of criminal activities. Many of the groups specialize in prostitution and drugs, when other groups range from gambling, extortion, drug trafficking and other financial scams. Criminal organizations, in other words network, vary in terms of their geographic scope – local, national or transnational.
James B. Jacobs writes this book on the criminal exploitation of the American labor movement. His book goes beyond the history of labor racketeering to explore the issue from every conceivable angle. It looks at the various criminal methods employed; the depth of Mafia’s infiltration into some of the larger American unions; as well as the efforts of law enforcement, legitimate union organizers and anti-mob dissidents. Prosecutors ' successful uses of RICO are detailed, as are the deficiencies in RICO processes. Of particular interest to readers of Mafia titles, Jacobs provides explanations for the ways organized criminals insinuate themselves into and extract money from labor unions.
Two major cases that have had a major impact on our individual lives or society in terms of criminology, our cases of Enron, graffiti and fraternity crime in Bloomington Indiana. These cases have similarities along with differences that ‘’mirror’’ each other respectively, they challenge the structure of the criminal justice system by showing the public its strengths and weaknesses. First, “In Enron case, the company would build an asset, such as a power plant, and immediately claim the projected profit on its books, even though it hadn 't made one dime from it. If the revenue from the power plant was less than the projected amount, instead of taking the loss, the company would then transfer these assets to an off-the-books corporation, where