Isaac Newton is widely considered one of the most influential scientists in history. His contributions to mathematics, physics, and astronomy revolutionized the scientific world and laid the foundations for modern science. Born on January 4th, 1643, in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth, England, he went on to become a professor at Cambridge University by his mid-20s.

Newton's major works include Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy), published in 1687, which outlined his three laws of motion that formed the basis of classical mechanics; Opticks, published in 1704, which was focused on optics and light theory; as well as many other mathematical treatises, including The Method of Fluxions (Calculus). He also developed an improved telescope design known as a reflecting telescope.

Throughout his life, Newton made significant advances in our understanding of calculus and gravity, two concepts that are fundamental to modern science today. His work has shaped not only how we think about nature but has also been instrumental in advancing technology such as space exploration and communications satellites orbiting Earth today. While there have been numerous advancements since then, due largely to technological innovations based upon what Newton discovered centuries ago, it is impossible to deny or overlook just how much influence this great scientist had during his lifetime—from developing calculus all the way up until predicting planetary orbits with precision accuracy using principles derived from celestial mechanics that still hold true today.