Evidence-based psychiatric practice(EBPP) Evidence-based psychiatric practice (EBPP) is a broad term referring to clinical practice that is informed by evidence about interventions and considers patient needs, values, and preferences and their integration in determining individual care. EBPP uses evidence-based medicine (EBM) to assess the quality of evidence relevant to the risks and benefits of treatments (including lack of benefit). According to the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, “Evidence-based medicine is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients”. Multiple Types of Research Evidence 1. Clinical observation (including individual case studies) and
Portrayed by actor Russell Crowe, the film focuses on the life of Nobel Prize winner John Forbes Nash, a renowned mathematician diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia (Film). From the beginning, John Nash portrays a narcissistic person who isolates himself from his peers. Focusing on his goals to invent revolutionary equations in mathematics, Nash prefers to not attend his obligatory Princeton class and spend his time in the library writing theories on glass windows. After being offered a job at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) during his last semester, Nash falls in love with his student and decides to marry Alicia Larde (Jennifer Connelly). It is not until they marry does Alicia realize her husband has suffered from hallucinations.
Detroit: Lucent Books, 2008. Print. “Schizophrenia.” Ability, 1996, pp. 24, SIRS Issues Researcher “State Estimates of Adult Mental Illness.” The NSDUH Report, 06 Oct, 2011, SIRS Issues Researcher Thompson, Paul M. “Schizophrenia.” World Book Student, World Book, 2018, Accessed 14 Feb.
8. Karnell M, Melton S, Childes J, Coleman T, Dailey S, & Hoffman H. Reliability of Clinician-Based (GRBAS and CAPE-V) and Patient-Based (V-RQOL and IPVI) Documentation of Voice Disorders. J Voice 2007; 21(5): 576-590. 9. Mendes AP, Bonanca I, Jorge A, Alves-Pereira M, Castelo Branco NA, Caetano M, et al.
Overview and Clinical Presentation of Absence Seizures 2.1 Overview According to the American Epilepsy Society, (2014), Absence Seizures (AS), which in the past were called ‘petit mal’, are a type of generalized seizure. In 1935, Gibbs, Davis, and Lennox described a typical pattern of AS, consisting of a correlation between the episodes of diminished consciousness and 3-4 Hz spike-wave discharges (SWD) on electroencephalograms (EEGs), which is a valid association to date (Blumenfield,
Describe the three main cognitive theories of autism (i.e., Theory of Mind, Executive dysfunction, Weak Central Coherence) and evaluate how well they explain autistic symptoms. Autism was originally a term that was coined by Bleuler in his paper “Dementia praecox oder Grupper der Shizophrenien” published in 1911. In this paper the term was used to refer to a form of schizophrenia characterised by extreme isolation. The word autism originates from the Greek word ‘autos’ meaning self. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that is characterised by challenges with communication, difficulty with social interactions and a likelihood to engage in repetitive behaviour.
V. Online Journal Articles Alegría, M., Mulvaney-Day, N., Torres, M., Polo, A., Cao, Z., & Canino, G. (2007). Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Across Latino Subgroups in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 97(1), 68-75. doi:10.2105/ajph.2006.087205 González, H. M., Tarraf, W., West, B. T., Croghan, T. W., Bowen, M. E., Cao, Z., & Alegría, M. (2009). Antidepressant use in a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling US Latinos with and without depressive and anxiety disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 26(7), 674-681. doi:10.1002/da.20561 Potochnick, S. R., & Perreira, K. M. (2010).
2.0 Literature Review There are five models of disability one is medical model, social model, Nagi model (1965), International classification of Functioning (2001) by World Health Organisation and Amartya Sen capability approach(2002) . The medical model of disability considers disability ‘a physical, mental, or psychological condition that limits a person’s activities’, linked to various medical conditions and viewed as a problem by the affected individual. The social model of Valliappan Alagappan, Accessibility and Mobility impaired, ‘52nd ISOCARP Congress 2016 2 disability views disability as ‘arising from the interaction of a person’s functional status with the physical, cultural, and policy environments’. The Nagi and capability model is an extension of social and medical models. Accessibility is generally defined in all literature as ease of reaching a place or destination, but accessibility is not only reaching a place with ease, but carry out the functions internal to the building without any hindrance architecturally and environmentally.