Mental illness and criminology: a review of related literature Aja Ferguson Chaminade University CJ 605 Dr. Allen 3/18/2017 I. INTRODUCTION Mental illness and criminology are two fields that continue to generate interest among researchers. One of the reasons that explain the consistent interest of scholars is the presence of a vast, unexplored territory where there is a dearth in available and updated information related to mental illness and criminology. Even though the study of the mentally ill and the criminal are two different spheres, it is not uncommon that individuals became criminals because they are mentally ill, just like it is not new to discover criminals in prison to develop
Evidence-based psychiatric practice(EBPP) Evidence-based psychiatric practice (EBPP) is a broad term referring to clinical practice that is informed by evidence about interventions and considers patient needs, values, and preferences and their integration in determining individual care. EBPP uses evidence-based medicine (EBM) to assess the quality of evidence relevant to the risks and benefits of treatments (including lack of benefit). According to the Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine, “Evidence-based medicine is the conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients”. Multiple Types of Research Evidence 1. Clinical observation (including individual case studies) and
From the beginning, John Nash portrays a narcissistic person who isolates himself from his peers. Focusing on his goals to invent revolutionary equations in mathematics, Nash prefers to not attend his obligatory Princeton class and spend his time in the library writing theories on glass windows. After being offered a job at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) during his last semester, Nash falls in love with his student and decides to marry Alicia Larde (Jennifer Connelly). It is not until they marry does Alicia realize her husband has suffered from hallucinations. At the half way point of the film, we discover the some of the places and people are within Nash’s ‘beautiful’ mind.
Print. “Schizophrenia.” Ability, 1996, pp. 24, SIRS Issues Researcher “State Estimates of Adult Mental Illness.” The NSDUH Report, 06 Oct, 2011, SIRS Issues Researcher Thompson, Paul M. “Schizophrenia.”
Documentation of Voice Disorders. J Voice 2007; 21(5): 576-590. 9. Mendes AP, Bonanca I, Jorge A, Alves-Pereira M, Castelo Branco NA, Caetano M, et al. Voice acoustic profile of males exposed to occupational infrasound and low-frequency noise.
Overview and Clinical Presentation of Absence Seizures 2.1 Overview According to the American Epilepsy Society, (2014), Absence Seizures (AS), which in the past were called ‘petit mal’, are a type of generalized seizure. In 1935, Gibbs, Davis, and Lennox described a typical pattern of AS, consisting of a correlation between the episodes of diminished consciousness and 3-4 Hz spike-wave discharges (SWD) on electroencephalograms (EEGs), which is a valid association to date (Blumenfield,
Describe the three main cognitive theories of autism (i.e., Theory of Mind, Executive dysfunction, Weak Central Coherence) and evaluate how well they explain autistic symptoms. Autism was originally a term that was coined by Bleuler in his paper “Dementia praecox oder Grupper der Shizophrenien” published in 1911. In this paper the term was used to refer to a form of schizophrenia characterised by extreme isolation. The word autism originates from the Greek word ‘autos’ meaning self. Autism is a lifelong developmental disability that is characterised by challenges with communication, difficulty with social interactions and a likelihood to engage in repetitive behaviour.
Prevalence of Psychiatric Disorders Across Latino Subgroups in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 97(1), 68-75. doi:10.2105/ajph.2006.087205 González, H. M., Tarraf, W., West, B. T., Croghan, T. W., Bowen, M. E., Cao, Z., & Alegría, M. (2009). Antidepressant use in a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling US Latinos with and without depressive and anxiety disorders. Depression and Anxiety, 26(7), 674-681. doi:10.1002/da.20561 Potochnick, S. R., & Perreira, K. M. (2010).
2.0 Literature Review There are five models of disability one is medical model, social model, Nagi model (1965), International classification of Functioning (2001) by World Health Organisation and Amartya Sen capability approach(2002) . The medical model of disability considers disability ‘a physical, mental, or psychological condition that limits a person’s activities’, linked to various medical conditions and viewed as a problem by the affected individual. The social model of Valliappan Alagappan, Accessibility and Mobility impaired, ‘52nd ISOCARP Congress 2016 2 disability views disability as ‘arising from the interaction of a person’s functional status with the physical, cultural, and policy environments’. The Nagi and capability model is an extension of social and medical models.
Retrieved May 15, 2016. Seglem, K., Waaktaar, T., Ask, H., & Torgersen, S. (2015). Genetic and Environmental Influences on Adolescents ' Smoking Involvement: A Multi-informant Twin Study. Behavior Genetics, 45(2), 171-180. Zickler, P. (1999).
Rowe, K., & Fletcher, S. (2008). Sedation in the Intensive Care Unit. Continuing Education in Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain, 8 (2), 50–55. doi:10.1093/bjaceaccp/mkn005 Roux, B. G., Liet, J., Bourgoin, P., Legrand, A., Roze, J., & Joram, N. (2017).
The American Journal of Psychiatry, 160(5), 939-46. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.snhu.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.snhu.edu/docview/220467084?accountid=3783 Gap Identification
According to the letter from the clothing company Ms. Smith was diagnosed while hospitalized with code 295.10. This code indicates Ms. Smith has Disorganized Type Schizophrenia (4th ed. , text rev.; DSM–IV–TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) and is being treated with Risperidone an antipsychotic drug for schizophrenia symptoms (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2012).
A., Fisman, D. N., Moineddin, R., & Daneman, N. (2014). The magnitude and duration of Clostridium difficile infection risk associated with antibiotic therapy: A hospital cohort study. PLoS One, 9(8), e105454. doi:http://dx.doi.org.southuniversity.libproxy.edmc.edu/10.1371/journal.pone.0105 Connelly, L. M. (2014). Use of theoretical frameworks in research.