African American women will wait until the year 2124 merely because the color of their skin is different from others. The worst wait is for Hispanic women; equality in pay will not come to them until 2233 (“Pay”). An analysis by Oxfam Canada and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives explains the influence of different factors on the gender wage gap by saying that the gender wage gap is not merely because the stereotypical woman works less than men or because women have a different degree of education or experience. The analysis states that “Even when all of these factors are considered, the result remains the same: a wage gap” (Grant). Although it is clear that aspects such as schooling and experience within an occupation play a role in deciding if a gap should be
It is evident that at times she uses communitarian and the female centric nature of Cherokee society to criticize modern American gender relations and society. This is bad because it goes against what Native peoples want and would have wanted. In all, in some parts of the text Perdue either was a bit harsh or at other times did not give enough insight but still endured that the book was successful. Cherokee Women in all is a powerful and useful book to many different people for many different reasons. Basing her analysis on gender, Perdue provides insights on Native Americans and gender that would not be emphasized in different studies.
Although Canada is a multicultural nation, several minorities living Canada are either forced to assimilate and forget their cultural or alienated. The book, “Da Kink in My Hair”, helps individuals who have not necessary faced racism, understand the struggles of Black Canadian women. The
It was an enormous social change for women to take part in public decision making, and gave them a voice to abolish unjust laws. The suffragettes in Australia argued that they were intelligent enough to vote, that it was unfair for them to be taxed without representation, and that they were equal to men therefore should have equal rights. In contrary, the suffragettes’ opponents alleged that women already had indirect power through manipulating their husbands and father’s voting choices at the ballot box, that women were equal but different and that women could not fulfil the duties of citizenship therefore should not vote. The suffragettes encouraged people to sign their petition, as well as held meeting and debates in order to gain supporters. Women in Australia used civil methods of protest, and didn’t adapt the more radical methods used by suffragettes in other countries.
The area of gender inequality has been widespread in our society since the inception of humanity. Gender inequality is a socially constructed issue which stems from the hierarchy men have had over women for centuries. The similar problem is still is dominant in the field of law enforcement where women are far underrepresented compared to men, and this paper will examine the history, statistics, gender roles and philosophical perspectives behind the underrepresentation of women in law enforcement. However many police departments across the country have gradually begun to intergrade more diversity, inclusivity and gender equality programs to balance the issue of gender inequality better. The history of policing in Canada is relatively extensive
When I tell people that I am an open feminist, some assume that I automatically “hate men,” or believe that women are above men. This is plainly not true. I believe that, to the extent that we can be, men and women should be treated as equals. Although there was much progress during the 1920’s towards women’s rights (specifically, the 19th Amendment, which granted women the right to vote in 1920), it slid backwards in the over the next two decades. There were approximately 1,000 discriminatory laws passed in the United States in the around that time period that prevented women from having the same rights as men.
According to Koenig, Mitchell, Eagly and Ristikari (2011), studies on gender stereotyping attribute these findings to gender inequality, since the characteristics of leadership roles are ascribed more to men than women. It is suggested that masculine traits which attributed to men are more likely to be associated with leadership roles than feminine traits which attributed to women. Specifically, leadership roles tend to correlate more strongly with men than women as women characteristics stereotypically do not qualify the expectations for leaders. However, the result on Eagly and Johnson (1990) research shown women have a higher tendencies to be more interpersonally oriented and tend to lead using a more democratic style as compared to men which focused on more task-oriented and autocratic style of leadership. Accordingly, gender difference between leadership style of men and women were small in which weakened to the extent that a role was dominated by men.
With a change in public opinion, the expectation is that women would now be more willing to enter into the political fray. In the 2009 Latinobarométro (cited in Htun and Piscopo, 2014) people were asked whether they felt men were better political leaders than women. The majority of respondents in Latin America either disagreed or strongly disagreed with this sentiment, however in Ecuador this was not the case. If the theory that female participation increases with changing public opinion on women in politics, we would expect that the Latin American countries with favourable societal views would have a higher rate of female political participation than countries where public opinion wasn’t as favourable such as Ecuador. However, when we examine the data, the Ecuadorian executive is approximately 25% women, while a number of the other Latin American countries (El Salvador, Uruguay, and the Dominican Republic) fall below 15%.
Women in the ancient world had no voice or opinion to share to others and were considered as inferior to men. Back then men were encouraged superiority by looking down upon women. Later on women started to gain some of their right and New Zealand became the first country to grant women the right to vote in 1893. In the present-day almost all the women have the right to vote, yet there is still progress to be made for women in politics. Sexism has changed over the years but sexism has never stopped existing and it still exists today and it is very noticeable from the media, press, work, life styles and in society.
Why Are Women Paid Less? —— It Is Not an Issue Only About Discrimination That Simple According to a survey by North American Industry System(NAICS), based on average wages, all workers in 2014 including full-time and part-time, women earned just 75.3% compared to men. As more and more women enter the labor market, this issue is increasingly attached great importance, and whether this issue relates to discrimination is the biggest concern. In his article, Mark Perry, the professor of economics and finance, argues if the gender wage gap is caused by discrimination. In his opinion, simply claim that women are paid less due to discrimination is “fundamentally misleading” and “economically illogical.” There are more factors that affects this issue.
“The 2012 Project is a national, non-partisan campaign determined to address this recruit, train and mentor women candidates. Why does it matter if women have a voice in politics? Clearly, because women 's specific rights and interests are not protected otherwise.” This quote provides perfect insight into what women would be more invested in that men would otherwise disregard because they aren’t as involved. Second, we need our current politicians to listen to our voices. If an overwhelming 47% (a 16% net cushion) agree with the funding of a group, why would then go against the people you are meant to represent.
One main objective of these procedures is to provide individuals with equal opportunities for bail, reliable and valid outcomes that overlook social characteristics (Doerner & Demuth, 2014). However, since the 19th century, legal research concludes that women are less likely to be arrested and are often given sentences that are more leniently than male offenders (Doerner & Demuth, 2014). Limited research demonstrates that women receive harsher sentences, however the findings often pertain to female juvenile offenders (Rodriguez, Curry & Lee, 2006). The effects of gender stereotyping do not only influence a criminal once they have enter the legal system but gender has an immediate influence once the child is born in terms of child rearing and socialization (West, Friedman & Kim, 2011). Due to societal perception of gender stereotypes and roles, women and men are treated differently in the legal system, which often begins at the time of arrest.
This essay will critically analyse domestic violence experienced by South Asian communities living in the GTA. It will compare and contrast running themes of oppression, marginalization and multiples forms of violence. I selected this article because of an interest I have on the issue of domestic violence/intimate partner violence, as it is a serious on-going problem, in many communities throughout Canada, including South Asian communities. Although domestic violence is not only experienced by women, the ways which this violence is interpreted within society will differ. Factors which lead to domestic violence need to be further analyzed and viewed from multiple perspectives.