Abstract Of Changopodium Quino

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Abstract

Chenopodium quinoa is a highly proteinaceous crop native to the Andean region. C. quinoa is highly underutilized considering its high seed protein and stress tolerance. Quinoa which was once a neglected crop has now become a major export product of the Andean countries. This experiment was conducted on different species of Chenopodium to determine its total antioxidant content and phenolics. Enzyme assays of antioxidant enzymes- catalase and ascorbate peroxidase was also performed using water and methanolic extracts.

Keywords: Chenopodium quinoa, antioxidant enzymes, catalase, ascorbate peroxidase, phenolics

1. Introduction

The genus Chenopodium, belonging to family Amaranthaceae consists of almost 250 species of perennial or annual herbaceous flowering plants, also known as goosefoot. Plants of this genus were earlier only grown as food crops in Andean countries Peru and Bolivia but recently have been introduced in Europe, North America, Asia and Africa.
Quinoa is a potential fodder and grain crop, given its high protein content of seed and its ability to grow in a wide range of environments and stress tolerance. Quinoa can suitably grow in different stress conditions such as drought, acidity, high soil salinity and frost. (Vacher, 1998; Jensen et al., 2000; Bhargava et al.,2003a, 2006a; Jacobsen et al., 2003).

2. Importance of Chenopodium in India

The popularity of quinoa is growing worldwide but in India it is still considered to be an underutilized crop.

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