The Harlem Renaissance is a time period where literary, artistic, and intellectual movement began in Harlem. It is also known as “The New Negro Movement”. This movement showed African - American culture throughout their work. However, Post - Modern is a certain writing style. This style has been around since the 1950’s and is still used today.
One of the main statement of Langston Hughes “Let America be America Again” is the inequality between majorities and minorities. The theoretical concept of this term paper looks into Postcolonial-Criticism, especially cultural differences and the American Civil Rights Movement as well as African-American studies. If you read a poem like “Let America Be America Again” the first question which will come to your mind will probably be the question of whether there was segregation, inequality and discrimination of minorities at this specific time. In the fifth stanza of the poem Hughes names groups which were discriminated, namely African-Americans, American-Indians and immigrants in general. To further understand this issue I looked into Marxism and the most important movement at this time, the Harlem Renaissance.
Langston Hughes was probably one the greatest poets ever lived. He was better known as the Jazz Poet during the Harlem Renaissance, and he was also one of the leaders of the Harlem Renaissance too. In history I learned, that the Harlem Renaissance was a rebirth period of African-American arts using dance, music, poems, articles, stories, plays and paintings. Most of the arts reflected on the hardship of the African-American community past and present during that time. Hughes wrote "Harlem" in 1951, the poem addressed as one of his most common themes of the American Dream for African Americans.
Racism is a prominent issue or a serious problem in the American society since the beginning and the Americans are still struggling to eradicate this problem from their land. American soil has witnessed civil rights movements concerning this issue in the past. However in 1920, a movement got initiated to promote black identity known as Harlem Renaissance. It was also a fine arts movement that led to an increase in black confidence, literacy rate, and black culture. Writers wrote about their roots and the current society.
The Harlem Renaissance is a movement that began in the 1920’s. It was a product of centuries of African American oppression. Therefore, during the Great migration occurred where thousands of African Americans migrated from the southern states to the north and created a culture of their own, which included but not limited to poetry, music, and art. The objective of the research is to determine how Claude McKay’s poetry connected different countries during the Harlem Renaissance. This was obtained by analyzing both primary and secondary sources to determine the connection.
The Harlem Renaissance and Post Modernism time periods are very different. So many things happened during their time period like the Great Depression, WWII, and the African American civil rights movements. However in the midst of all this worldly change the lesser known changes have occurred in literature. The Harlem Renaissance tends to focus on inspiring people and the struggle of people unified by a race, but Postmodernism focuses on the feelings and the attitude of humanity. First, the Harlem Renaissance occurred around the time of the African American civil rights movement.
Jean Toomer’s “Georgia Dusk” reveals the remaining influence of slavery on a newly freed African American society. The title is especially relevant within Toomer’s poem, as it signifies a motif that exhibits lightness and darkness within the poem. “Georgia Dusk” signifies this fusion through the word “dusk”, or the time when day transforms into night. This has a possible relation to Toomer’s identity as a mixed-race person, in that he has several racial identities. Thus, the title could signify Toomer’s relations to both African American and white society.
Sterling A Brown One of the first known writers to infuse his poetry with black folklore .Today he is considered the dean of American Negro poets. Sterling Allen Brown was born in Washington, DC to an upper middle class African American. He earned a master’s degree from Harvard University. He focused on jazz the blues, and folklore and spiritual songs. He focuses on racial concerns in America.
The Power of Art ¨Trumpeter of Lenox and 7th / through Jesse B. Semple,/ you simply celebrated Blues and Bebop / and beling black before / it was considered hip.¨ (Wesley Boone). Although the poems ¨Long Live Langston¨ by Wesley Boone, and ¨The weary Blues¨ by Langston Hughes were written in different time periods and with different purposes, the poems show similarities such as using similar figurative language to express an idea, and differences such as communicating different themes. Here are some examples of the similarities and differences shown throughout the poems. To begin with, in the poems ¨Long Live Langston¨ by Wesley Boone, and ¨The Weary Blues¨ by Langston Hughes, the authors include similes in their work, which helps the reader understand the similarities between the poems. One example of a simile in Wesley´s poem is, ¨You
“Tableau” and “Incident” by Countee Cullen were written in the early 1900’s during the Harlem Renaissance. They both show racial interactions and reveal others reactions to the communications. The themes of “Incident” and “Tableau” are shown by the use of figurative language and tone in the poems. The figurative language in both the poems is very distinct. “Tableau” includes comparisons with metaphors while “Incident” has only imagery.
During the late 1900’s, an aesthetic movement known as primitivism integrated itself into Modern art. African and Pacific Island motifs, fetishes, and design elements were adopted into the work of Modern artists, such as Pablo Picasso and Henri Moore.19 The rise in popularity of these primitive inspired artworks helped to influence Black Americans in investigating and reconnecting with their own cultural heritage.20 One of the concerns facing Black Americans was how to merge the heritage of their ancestors with being an American. Through music, the Blues evolved from African tribal songs to songs workers would sing while laboring in the fields before and after slavery. When Black American migrated north, the Blues transformed into Jazz
They began to express this new found freedom during the 1920s, when almost 1 million African Americans left the South and migrated to New York, Chicago and other urban centers (Foner 796). A new term called the "New Negro" came into play, which in art meant the rejection of established stereotypes and a search for black values to put in their place (Foner 797). This established a quest led by writers which birthed the Harlem Renaissance to show the roots of the black experience (Foner 797). The Harlem Renaissance is where we see African Americans really express their freedom because Harlem contained a vibrant black cultural community that established links with New York 's artistic mainstream (Foner 796). For the first time Broadway presented a black actor in a serious role and African Americans were also seen in shows like Dixie to Broadway and Blackbirds (Foner 797).
Langston Hughes’ poem, “I, Too, Sing America”, and Maya Angelou’s “Still I Rise”, have many similarities, and also many differences. These two poems were both written by poets who were fighting for the rights of African Americans, and women during their time period. The audience and the purpose of the two poems are the same, along with their time periods. One of the things slightly different about these poems, is the topic. The topic of both poems have their similarities in a way, but they are also different.
“Sympathy” is a poem written by Paul Laurence Dunbar. Paul Dunbar is an American poet during the 19th and early 20th centuries. A child of former slaves, Paul Dunbar writes this poem to express his feelings toward slavery itself, but specifically the effect on his own life in the 1800’s. If one were to read “Sympathy,” for the first time it could be easy to misinterpret that this poem is actually about a caged bird. However there is a deeper meaning to this poem that has even inspired another famous poem by another famous poet, Maya Angelou.
Countee Cullen and Langston Hughes were two African American poets who wrote during the Harlem Renaissance time period. The Harlem Renaissance spanned from 1917-1937 in Northeast America. Although slavery was in history, racial tension was still felt during that time, and that is what both poets wrote about. Countee Cullen wrote the poem “Incident”. Structurally the two poems are rather different.The poem Incident is a Quatrain since it has a syllable structure that is very comparable all through.