The government provided food, clothing, and even land, in attempts to help the Freedmen who have been recently released from slavery. In the Freedmen’s Bureau, it stated, “...may direct such issues of provisions, clothing, and fuel, as he may deem needful for the immediate and temporary shelter and supply of destitute and suffering refugees and Freedmen and their wives and children...” (Document D). The government put in place a way for Freedmen to everything they need to start a new life after slavery. They were even generous by even giving them fuel which isn’t even a basic need, and in doing all of this, Freedmen were able to live a healthy life due to the federal government. This was one of the biggest attempts to help out and better lives of Freedmen during reconstruction, and it was successful.
While Reconstruction after the Civil War seemed to have promise for former slaves, there were still many hardships. President Andrew Johnson’s leniency with the south during this decisive period allowed for there to be debate over what the fate of freed slaves should be. Some believed that continuing to work in the fields they were once slaves in was the best option for blacks because of their past as field workers, while others believed that there were more options for blacks than just farm work as seen in the schools built in the south for the black population by the Freedman’s Bureau. However, the question still remained as to what freedom for blacks truly meant. People’s opinions on what freedom for ex-slaves needed to be depended exclusively on their race and their socioeconomic status.
The idea of them being an unfit race who was in need of probation and instruction seemed to more closely relate to white Klansmen of the South. Their actions spoke louder than words and it seemed as though they were begging to be put in their place. African Americans were not to be punished, if anything it was the white men. They enslaved African Americans, beat, and battered them for years yet when they finally get their freedom it’s as though life will never continue to flourish. The South proved that they needed probation that was never forced upon them.
Although African Americans have been considered free in terms of the law, in some states, especially Mississippi in the early sixties, the Caucasian population had not evolved past the discrimination and hate they felt towards African Americans. But there were people that wanted to help the African Americans in the deep South. These Civil Rights activists were the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee(SNCC)(Wisconsin). College students from all over America were recruited to help the African Americans with their racial injustice. Freedom summer wanted to do three things for the Mississippi blacks (Wisconsin).
Southerners needed to stay over African Americans as much as they could now that they couldn’t have slaves. Also, towards the end of reconstruction, Black codes were revised into the Jim Crow Laws. African Americans were still in muddy waters even though having been freed. A third effect of the CIvil War was was the ability to more publicly, legally, and easily help out African Americans. For instance, the Freedmen 's Bureau.
could not own property; • Slaves could not leave the plantation without permission” (p. 194). Slave Codes were wrongly enforced on free slaves in the North who had paid for their freedom with extra labor. Southerners thought that free African Americans were a nuisance and threat to slavery (Banks, 2003). According to Harris (1992), during the 1700s, free African Americans and African American slaves began to believe that they would have a better chance at equality and emancipation if they were able to read. Because Blacks were also segregated and discriminated against in churches, Blacks began to form Black churches where schools for Black children were established (Banks, 2003).
Colorism is a psychological battle within the black community. Colorism or shadeism can be practiced interracially or intraracial. Affecting people in the same community and people in the same race. People of a lighter skin tone are treated more favorably than those with a darker skin tone, known as light skin privilege. Being a black women and growing up in a predominantly black community I have experienced colorism.
One civil rights activist took action and has stopped most segregation but the segregation between schools did not stop. African Americans schools were different from white schools, since whites and blacks were segregated, blacks had to make their own schools. In the south it was very hard for blacks to receive an good education, even while they were at a
The civil rights movement was an organization to end segregation. The movement gave colored people the same rights whites had. Before the movement things for colored people didn’t go good. Most of them were slaves. They had no rights to education, to restaurants, and job.
And they believed it. They exulted in it. They stayed in their place, worked hard, and brought up my father to do the same. (1.2) The narrator recounts that freed slaves were told they were free in all ways, although this clearly was not true. Socially, after freedom from slavery, black people were kept very separate from the rest of society.