During the period 1865-1900, American agriculture changed significantly by many things. However, many technological innovations and government policies that were appearing during the late 1800’s made the agricultural aspect of America change drastically, many technological innovations, such as inventions that limited farmers workload, and government policies, that had farmers riled, had made a wedge in between the stable agricultural economy. Therefore, technology and policies had a bigger impact on the economic conditions farmers had to face, causing many changes to the American agriculture during the 1800’s.
The progression of civilization since the 900’s leaves archaeologists and historians with questions such as, why did societies decide to domesticate crops or why did society abandon the hunter gather lifestyle? There are many hypothesis for the origins of agriculture like the social hypothesis that claims the success of food production allowed individuals to create surplus which gave them the ability to trade for valuable goods. This surplus also provided individuals with power and the leaders could acquire a labor force that would help them gather and create more surplus. The hunter gather lifestyle had its advantages as well. Hunter gathers had a seasonal routine and did not have to rely on someone to provide them with food.
Agriculture is the modification of Earth’s surface through the cultivation of plants and animals through the cultivation of plants and animals to obtain economic gain. It was also a key development for the rise of the domestication of animals. Although, its origins cannot be documented for certainty because agriculture began before recorded history, scholars believe that it was started in Southwest Asia. Also, agriculture entails selective breeding of animals with combinations of inherited characteristics that benefits humans. Around the world, agriculture’s steps are the same, but the type of animals that were raised or cultivated differently. Agriculture is the human control of the environment.
Have you ever wondered what Agricultural Revolution was and if it had a positive or negative effect on human civilization? Well, the Agricultural Revolution had a huge effect on civilization. It was when humans discovered how to farm! This took place from about 10,000 B.C to about 3,000 B.C. I believe it had a positive effect on human civilization for a couple of reasons.
They practice specialization and brought tractors in order to boost the crop yields. It effectively increases the crop yield and encourages farmers to grow more. However, the specialization leads to the monoculture. And, the persistent of monoculture eventually leads to the loss of biodiversity. “A case can be made that the corn plant’s population explosion on places like Iowa us responsible for pushing out not only other plants but the animals and finally the people, too”(Pollan 38).
Over the last century, farming has changed exponentially, transforming food production. During the late 1800s, the industrial revolution revitalizes agriculture by bolstering crop and livestock productivity, spurring the second agricultural revolution. This revolution marks the creation of a commercial market for food. (Knox, 334) The third agricultural revolution, occurring after World War II, introduces mechanization, chemical farming, and manufacturing processing that still exists today; therefore, marking the transition from the family owned and operated farms to commercial farms.
In The Worst Hard Time, the author explains how new technology led to overproduction of many crops. A tractor was able to do the work of ten horses and a combine was able to thresh grain in one swoop. A farmer’s harvest could even go up by the thousands. As the farmers made more money they bought nearby land and ripped the grass out to make more space for more crops (Doc. C). With the overproduction of land came bare fields.
“Why is Agriculture Important In Tennessee?” Agriculture, the basis of the world’s food source, is a very large portion of the average American’s diet; as well as the main source of clothing material. Agriculture is important in Tennessee for this reason. Agriculture is not only crops, but includes the entirety of merchandise on a farm. The diet of the average American includes a massive amount of these resources.
Human civilization evolved over a period of time. People’s life, behaviour and adoption have been changed from gathering and hunting to urbanization stage. In the beginning, people were depending on gathering and hunting then they reached the stage of cultivation of crops and this way agriculture began. At that time people did agriculture from bare hands, later on, plough developed. At that time, agriculture production is low because of lack of agricultural knowledge and technological inputs were also low which bind the whole family to work in agriculture fields.
The farmers did not know the correct way to farm they were just so focused on making men and producing crops. After World War I farmers created a way to produce more wheat without it costing them much money. Many farmers purchased plows and other equipment. Farmers plowed many acres of land in efforts to make money. This farming technique the farmers used helped produce record numbers of wheat from 1925 to 1930.
The agricultural technology that was invented during the medieval ages resulted in social and economic developments which affected the lives of those living in that period. The new machinery allowed the townspeople to grow a surplus of food and in result learn new specialties and trades. “When these people could produce a surplus, they were freed to do other things, which provided the basis for towns, cities, and civilization”( flowofhistory.com). Civilian life was made more comfortable because of the advancements that were made through the ages.
In the article The Worst Mistake in the History of the Human Race the author Jared Diamond explains how the development of agriculture in humanity affected the evolution of our modern society for the worst. He proved this thesis with sufficient points, however, the scientific evidence behind the Luddites’ beliefs are limited. The corroboration behind agricultural advancements being a substantial step for mankind is far more concrete than the opposing side. Livestock and cultivating vegetation was the most significant switch humanity has taken, and molded our world to what it is today. Paleopathologists have recorded that the health statuses of people became critically worse after the Neolithic Period, when civilizations switched to
It allows us to break down barriers between other communities. Also, the new farming equipment helped make the lives of both worlds a lot more productive and easier. Animals were based around the farming equipment to allow them to pull. We still use some of the equipment in this lifetime. For instance, the plow.
Yet other historians believe that certain challenges (possibly environmental) forced humans to develop an organized and civilized society. Overall, however, all theories agree on the fact that civilizations were a response to sustain the needs and beliefs of growing human societies. For example, these establishments allowed for an emphasis on a distinct religious structure, a social division based on affluence, as well as an economy that focused largely on trade with neighboring peoples. Such aspects would not have been present in prior small agricultural settlements, since they are much smaller (in size comparison) and less complex. 2.