At the beginning, Egan used the phrase, “the Great Plowup.” He meant the Era of large success for the people, who settle in the Great Plains, by changing the grasses with crops of wheat and corn. Those people settled in the Great Plains after moving of the Indian, killing a lot of animals, and removing the few trees in the land. They plowed a million acres and replaced the grass which covered the land with the crops. These crops like a lot of water. The years from 1901 to 1930 were rainy years.
Just as was taught in class, a main reason for the Dust Bowl was World War I. Production demands rose greatly during World War I which meant that more land was being plowed and overplanted to keep up with the needs. A common idea was that tearing up the prairie grass on the farm land would help the soil receive more moisture. However, the grass was an evolutionary mean to keep the soil from blowing away, as was seen later. Then, when World War I ended, the demand for wheat and other crops fell as did the prices.
The 1930’s were a tough time, especially for the farmers who lost theirs farms and for the many children who died from the dust. The Dust Bowl was caused by modern farming tools and the large number of unprepared and unprotected farms. It is said that "In 1931, dust from the seriously over-plowed and over-grazed prairie lands began to blow. And, it continued to blow for eight long, dry years. As the storms blew across the plains, it came in a yellowish-brown haze from the South and in rolling walls of black from the North.
The topsoil was a great source for crops to grow. Therefore farmers converted millions of prairie acres in cotton and wheat, which caused farmers to produce more than they can sell. Consequently, in the 1930’s winds blew the topsoil of the land which caused dust storms. In addition, a website “History” asserted, “The Dust Bowl was caused by several economic and agricultural factors, including
During the Great Depression a Midwestern phenomenon called the Dust Bowl affected many lives of newly settled Americans throughout the Great Plains region. Otherwise known as the “Dirty Thirties”, a storm of dry weather caused farmers and villagers to abandon their homes in hope to survive the deadly threat of the storm. The Dust Bowl was a big contributing factor to the Great Depression agriculturally, and economically. During the 1930’s America suffered extreme temperatures. A drought forming across all farm lands due to failure of successful crop rotation cause dust to form.
The incident clearly showed the effect of concealed soil erosion. The farmers did not know the soil erosion was happening on their farm in early 1900 and by the 1950s, soil and water erosion had affected the growth of the crops and the cropping areas. As a result, some areas of Queensland turned out to be unusable for cropping because of the intensity of the soil erosion. In Canada, the greatest reductions in erosion risk happened in the Prairie Ecozones, where the portion of cropland with low risk of soil erosion had dramatically increased from 65% in 1981 to 84% in
When grass is pulled up the dust has nothing to stick to. When a gust of wind blows across that dirt it carries it into the air, creating a dust storm. Another cause of the dust bowl is drought. According to document E, In the 1930’s there were nine years of below average rainfall. The average rainfall is 20 inches.
It has been 76 years since the dust bowl had ended. The dust bowl swept across Texas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Colorado, and Kansas throughout 1930-1940. Before the dust bowl many people traveled to these states for good land. The dust bowl was caused by a drought and strong winds. The dust from the drought was being blown around by the strong winds and covering everything.
The Dust Bowl was a period of time where the prairies became victim to severe dust storms that greatly damaged the agriculture. These dust storms, largely due to severe drought and wind erosion, caused many farmers in the prairies to experience extreme poverty for as long as eight years. In an effort to escape the storms, starvation, and poverty many farmers and their families left their farms to look for work and food elsewhere as a means of survival. Migrant workers on the other hand were compromised by the overwhelming number of the unemployed during the depression. Largely these migrant workers worked as migrant farm workers planting and harvesting crops, moving throughout the seasons.
This drought caused many problems. Farmers’ crops wouldn’t grow because there was no water. Crops were dying and so were livestock. The dust bowl happened towards the beginning of the Great Depression. The year was 1930, and the winds picked up to become strong gusts.