The Dust Bowl was caused by a variety of unfortunate circumstances at the worst time. The dust bowl refers the 1930’s when during the Great Depression, powerful winds ripped off the top soil (the soil that is best used for farming) and killed many crops. The farmers that were hit the hardest were the ones in the southern great plains. This region was soon known as the Dust Bowl. In the off season, farmers would plant grass to keep the topsoil from being taken with the wind.
During the Great Depression a Midwestern phenomenon called the Dust Bowl affected many lives of newly settled Americans throughout the Great Plains region. Otherwise known as the “Dirty Thirties”, a storm of dry weather caused farmers and villagers to abandon their homes in hope to survive the deadly threat of the storm. The Dust Bowl was a big contributing factor to the Great Depression agriculturally, and economically. During the 1930’s America suffered extreme temperatures. A drought forming across all farm lands due to failure of successful crop rotation cause dust to form.
The two things that contributed to the start of the dust bowl are, over-farming and drought. The dust bowl was a terrible dust storm that devastated lives of thousands in the Southern Great Plains. The dust bowl occurred in the 1930’s. People called this time the blackest year. To start, these were the conditions of the dust bowl.
The dust from the drought was being blown around by the strong winds and covering everything. The dust bowl is famous for being the worst and the longest disaster. During the event to the dust bowl farmers lost crops. Farmers also had to sell their animals because
When the grass was eaten and the soil wasn’t healthy enough to support plants, many of the animals died. In conclusion, the destruction of the prairie grasses and soil during this period were the beginning to the amount of loose soil that was picked up by the wind in the
At the beginning, Egan used the phrase, “the Great Plowup.” He meant the Era of large success for the people, who settle in the Great Plains, by changing the grasses with crops of wheat and corn. Those people settled in the Great Plains after moving of the Indian, killing a lot of animals, and removing the few trees in the land. They plowed a million acres and replaced the grass which covered the land with the crops. These crops like a lot of water. The years from 1901 to 1930 were rainy years.
This drought caused many problems. Farmers’ crops wouldn’t grow because there was no water. Crops were dying and so were livestock. The dust bowl happened towards the beginning of the Great Depression. The year was 1930, and the winds picked up to become strong gusts.
Another big factor of the Dust Bowl was the drought. The National Drought Migration Center that is in Nebraska said: "Many crops were damaged by deficient rainfall, high temperatures, and high winds, as well as insect infestations and dust storms that accompanied these conditions" (University of Nebraska). Nebraska was hit hard by the dust storms and was and is still a big farming community, the drought feed the effects of the Dust Bowl hugely, with high temperatures, dying crops, insect problems and of course the giant dust storms. These things made it extremely hard to live there and to farm, this drove people out for the land looking for new work and frankly, a less dusty place. The drought made it hard to go to school, to make dinner, it made people sick and combined with the over plowing of the topsoil it made dust storms unforgettable to
The Dust Bowl was a period of time where the prairies became victim to severe dust storms that greatly damaged the agriculture. These dust storms, largely due to severe drought and wind erosion, caused many farmers in the prairies to experience extreme poverty for as long as eight years. In an effort to escape the storms, starvation, and poverty many farmers and their families left their farms to look for work and food elsewhere as a means of survival. Migrant workers on the other hand were compromised by the overwhelming number of the unemployed during the depression. Largely these migrant workers worked as migrant farm workers planting and harvesting crops, moving throughout the seasons.
Also known as the dirty thirties, The dust bowl years were the years that dust storms greatly damaged thousands of homes, lives, and the economy. Originally the Dust Bowl was the name given from the Great Plains region, consumed by the so called drought in the 1930’s. Many who had gone through the Dust Bowl; pointed fingers at the dought, little did they know that The Dust Bowl originally was caused by heavy mechanism, and heavy mechanism came from farmers over doing farms. The Dust Bowl was held responsible for the dust storms in parts of Oklahoma, Texas, Kansas, Colorado, and New Mexico. With little rainfall, soft soil, and crazy winds, The Dust Bowl was held accountable for the death of many.