Author of the book, Becoming Charlemagne, by Jeff Sypeck provides a clear glimpse into the life of one of the world’s greatest kings and ruler and later emperor Charlemagne, otherwise known as Karl or Charles the Great. Sypeck creates a vivid and strong look into the time of Charlemagne, early medieval Europe and some other important world leaders, including Pope Leo III, Irene the Byzantine emperor, Alcuin the scholar and Harun al-Rashid ruler of Baghdad. These figures are crucial to the story of Karl becoming Charlemagne, and their stories included in the book help form and symbolize Charlemagne the Ruler. Understanding Charlemagne and early medieval Europe is presented vibrantly throughout the book by in-depth stories, facts and a clear …show more content…
Irene was the wife of emperor Leo IV, with the death of her husband she became co-leader with 10 year old son Constantine VI. Although the thought of a mother/son co-rule sounds peaceful and arming, after much frustration on Constantine’s part, left Irene banished from the courts by her own son. Although Irene does not quite directly help Karl onto the throne, she opens diplomatic relations with Karl, emperor of the west and is a key figure to the picture that makes up Charlemagne, also referring to global context understanding Irene also shows that Karl is not the only emperor with the desire of power and land. She also symbolizes a women escaping the stereotypes of men in power, as she rises through the men surrounding her. Irene reins alone as emperor for five years, an impressive reign as a women suppressed in society. The book describes Irene and her reign in Constantinople, “Attempting to balance tradition, innovation, and scandal, she learned the ways of Constantinople on her own terms, making the city, the empire, and its people her own.” (pg.
Charlemagne was also known as Charles the Great. He was king of the Franks and he united the majority of Western Europe during the early Middle Ages. On top of that, he laid the foundations for modern France and Germany. He attempted to unite all Germanic peoples into one kingdom and convert his subjects to Christianity. Being a skilled military strategist, he spent much of his reign in warfare so that he could manage to accomplish his goals. Because of his position, he encouraged the Carolingian Renaissance.
FROISSART’S CHRONICLES This paper will discuss the view of Jean Froissart (c. 1337-1410), his place in history as well as his weaknesses and strengths. Froissart’s Chronicles is his best known work and looks at a period in European history during the first half of the Hundred Years War, which was a war between England and France that took place from 1337 to 1453. Froissart was a Frenchman, born in Valenciennes, which is now a part of Belgium, but he also spent some time serving in the English court among nobility.1 Froissart was neutral in his account of the events of the Hundred Years’ War.
Einhard gives several reasons for his writing of Charlemagne. He writes to pay respect to his friend and writes as a way to remember him through history. Through this writing, Einhard expresses himself humbly and possibly inferior in social status. Einhard writes to pay respect to Charlemagne, partly because he believes he is indebted to Charlemagne. Einhard mentions the "foster care bestowed on [him]" as a reason for his writing.
In her chapter on the historiography of Roman exemplarity, Christina Shuttleworth Kraus examines this loss of power through the transition of exempla as the res gestae populi Romani to the res gestae divi Augusti (Kraus, 2). In early Roman history, exemplarity rested in the hands of popular consciousness; the citizens of Rome had the sole power of deciding which events or people to raise up to the status of exempla. This system of exemplarity that is explained in detail by Matthew Roller’s four stage model of the creation of exempla by public discourse (Roller, 216-217). However, Roller’s framework begins to collapse when Augustus intentionally influences exemplary power through his coercive Res Gestae. Rather than looking to the past for the great deeds of common people like the Sabine women or Lucretia, Roman citizens of the Augustan period had their attention directed towards the persona of one man, an exemplar in the form of an emperor.
She was a pioneer in the sense that she held a number of important positions in the hierarchy of the Church, at a time when women were struggling to be given positions of influence in any arena. A highlight of her 50 years as a Church bureaucrat was in 1964, when she became one of the first women appointed an auditor at the Second Vatican Council. In 1962/1963 only men attended the Council sessions in the capacity of auditor, and until the time of Rosemary’s appointment this type of involvement for women in the Church bureaucracy was unprecedented. She then worked for several years as Under-Secretary of the Pontifical Council of the laity. At that time, no other woman had ever worked in a higher position in the Roman Curia.
With the fall of the Carolingian Empire, Europe was left in a frantic and militaristic state marked by violence amongst fluctuating kingdoms and territorial leaders. In the early 12th century, however, France was beginning to experience a positive change in the monarchy when Louis the VI became king in 1108. Also known as Louis the Fat (due to his massive weight towards the end of his life), Louis was able to assert his force as king by giving just, and often violent, punishments to criminals and enemies. Once a confidant to the king and eventually the abbot of St. Denis, Suger writes about Louis’ various acts in The Deeds of Louis the Fat. These deeds helped to shape France’s monarchy into a powerful, centralized unit that would continue for
Charlemagne was the one of the great rulers of early European history. He was the King of the Franks in the 8th century and facilitated great expansion of his empire through conquest and diplomacy. Einhard was a monk who lived under Charlemagne’s rule, and, in a glowing light, he wrote a biography of Charlemagne. Einhard describes many of Charlemagne’s achievements, and he also writes about Charlemagne’s character. Einhard believed Charlemagne was a great leader because of his military success, his beautification of the kingdom, and his exceptional character qualities.
Following the Golden Age of many great civilizations, came the Post-Classical Era. And so came the fall of Rome’s political power, and as it fell to shambles, it seemed implausible that the Franks would find themselves in possession of any influence in European Politics. However, with the help of a powerful political leader by the name of King Clovis I, they manage to find sway in European Affairs. In Traditions and Encounters: A Global Perspective on the Past, in “The Postclassical Era”, “The Franks and the Temporary Revival of Empire”, it says “By the time of his death, Clovis had thoroughly transformed the Franks. No longer were they just one among many Germanic peoples inhabiting a crumbling Roman Empire.
Since the fall of the western Roman empire, there has never been another emperor of the west until Charlemagne came along, in christmas day year 800 Pope Leo the third at rome’s st. peter’s basilica crowned karl as emperor of the holy roman empire, karl stated that he did not know why he was being summoned to rome, but it is unlikely that he wasn't aware of what was going on. His coronation was met with cheers and applause, with pomp and circumstance, as the people rejoiced their new god appointed emperor of the romans who was himself a german. The coronation itself was major turning point in history, many historian agree that that reason why charlemagne accepted his ascension into emperorship was so that he could justify his occupation of
As an official in the palace and one of the king’s friends, Einhard had one of the best possible views of Charlemagne and his rule. In this “public history of this most distinguished and deservedly most famous king” (Einhard 51), Einhard writes to Charlemagne’s descendants and the rest of posterity about the fame of the Frankish Empire and to preserve the memory of its mightiest ruler. Einhard is an extremely biased author, however. Once upon a time, Charlemagne offered shelter and kindness to Einhard in his court, and in return Einhard ignored the more shocking facts about Charlemagne, like his true motives in practicing Catholicism and his dysfunctional family, specifically his daughters and grandchildren, even after Charlemagne’s death in
The imperial family was composed of the Emperor, his children, and his consorts. Consorts are defined as women who have had sexual relationships with the emperor. The consorts were ranked by grade, and during the Song, it is said that 23 other titles than Empress could be awarded hierarchically. The court was in theory strictly divided between the inner court, hosting the Imperial Family quarters, and the outer court, political men realm. The inner court was on average home of more than 1000 women, composing the Emperor
In order to populate Rome, Romulus tricks women from outside the city into entering Rome and then allows his men to claim them as their own. He then ‘reassures’ the ravaged women by promising them the “fortunes of Rome” and urges them to “forget their wrath and give their hearts to those whom chance had given their bodies” (Livy, 18). This explicitly spells out a relinquishment of the women’s hearts and bodies, and ultimately their entire selves, to the control of men. Romulus’s attempts to justify his actions by the future success of Rome he believes the women will bring about mean nothing (Livy, 18). He expects the women, subjected to the possession of men and stolen violently from their families, to enjoy the fruits of Rome, even with their own wellbeing as the price to pay for those fruits.
The Roman empress is to be an ideal of femininity, which in turn mirrors the ideal of the emperor, her male reflection. Besides, the very fact that this type of female statues was less reproduced than the Pudicitia type well conveys of its originality