Their contribution to happiness is indirect, via the way they affect how we can engage in rational activity according to the relevant virtues. I will then object that this view threatens to make his overall account of happiness incoherent. Fortunately, there is a way to reconcile the apparent tensions, in book III. Any account of human happiness is subject to certain criteria to assess its satisfactoriness.
Prudence serves as some sort of fine tune for “pleasure scale” by which one can differentiate and seek pleasures that are more valuable and avoid the other. But is there some intrinsic feature of certain pleasure that makes it valuable? The causes of pain (both physical and mental) are unnecessary or unreasonable desires i.e. the ones “that do not lead to pain when they remain unsatisfied” . The more unreasonable desire is the more pain will cause and its
We describe ourselves in terms of attributes; for example, am I caring or am I ruthless. Descriptions of ourselves or others are reflected in our individualized experiences and actions. Plugging into the machine hijacks our individual experiences of happiness and without these individualized moments, we lose what renders us who we are. Defining who we are is important to us and therefore, the machine makes us lose who we are. Finally, Nozick proposes that “plugging into an experience machine limits us to a man-made reality” (Nozick, 1974; pp 43).
Things tend to be destroyed by defect or excess and both produced and preserved by the right proportion. Therefore, virtues man would choose to pursue the meaning between extremes. It is by repetitive or habitual abstaining from pleasure one becomes temperate. Similarly, by being accustomed to despise fearful things, one becomes
The significant aspects of listening are to obtain knowledge and to be fully available to someone who is speaking, hence, not to switch the conversation to yourself that will cause misunderstandings. Consequently, not being heard limits the client responsiveness and the most straightforward things from distractions, like looking around and interrupting are some of the adverse actions that can trigger a sense of rejection. Being understood is critical and very important to everyone. For example, when a child is secure, he or she becomes the adult who continues to be confident in relationships and has positive effects. Because the adverse effects of a child are not feeling secure, consequently, causes he or she to diminished by not being heard which leads to them withholding their feelings and opinions and, therefore, harms the whole procedure of communication.
When one’s goal is to make profit, persuading pleasure, it leaves little time, energy and ability to focus on goals .Another one is where the people keep social strata based on material and goods. Due to this, the concepts of serving others are ignored. The tragic and important one of materialism is the denial of free will. A consistent materialist necessarily denies free will. There are major consequences due to this denial of human free will .Without freedom; there is no dignity or responsibility.
However, in this day and age, idolism can be detrimental to the health of a society. It can lead to an unhealthy fixation on such person, and as a result a distorted image on oneself. It is all well and good to admire others, but to place them above all else can have serious negative consequences. Revering models or sports stars can lead to eating disorders and psychological issues. "It can be a way of avoiding rather than dealing with problems," (Dr Tony Cassidy; Independent Magazine).
Consequentialism is a theory stating morality is dependent on an action’s outcomes; the most noteworthy example of this theory is utilitarianism. Consequentialism is contested as critics find it overdemanding for application on the virtue of its extensiveness in the individual’s life and reliance on unpredictable consequences, and due to the depth of logic override necessary to maximise happiness in some situations. Rebuttals have been made, and in this essay, I will explain the principles of consequentialism and utilitarianism and argue that the refutations are unsuccessful. Consequentialists, as aforementioned, strive to create best overall consequences for the largest amount of people. Moral agents must aim to maximise happiness and minimise pain.
Neal Gabler is one of these people. Gabler’s claim that entertainment is ruining society is misguided based on the simple case of hope. Although there needs to be a fine line between reality and entertainment, both are necessary in society. Human’s need entertainment to take them to the places that reality can not. To escape the clutches of reality when reality becomes too much at once.
The first is Hedonistic Egoism which suggest that we must “do whatever makes us happiest.” Second, the hedonistic utilitarian that aims to produce the “net happiness by all concern.” Aside from being “accused as repugnant,” the theory seems contrary to my own values and free will, nevertheless it stir my interest because I want to know how a person behaves when this theory applies to him/her. In Hedonistic Egoism, the practice seems very strange especially when a guilty person of any crime will undergo a certain education that will help him/her lessen the burden they are carrying by reducing the “capacity for sympathy and guilt.” This will allow them to “take advantage of any opportunities