The Constitutional Convention held during May 25 1787 to March 4 1789. This convention purpose is aimed at creating a fully empowered national government to replace the state-based system under the Articles of Confederation. The three major problems with the Articles were no control of taxation, no executive and unicameral congress. To resolve problems, the Great Compromise was reached a consensus. The 13 colonies created the New Jersey Plan and the Virginia Plan to protect their rights again, but these two Plans had not been assembly into the
Checks and balances prevents any one branch from having too much power. [Doc C is an excerpt from Federalist Paper #51 written by James Madison in 1788. The Federalist Papers were papers written to convince people to ratify the Constitution.] According to Doc C, ”...the constant aim is to divide and arrange several offices in such a manner as that they may be a check on the other…” In this quote, Madison is saying that *the Constitution made the three branches divided in a way that they can watch and check over each other. This system guards against tyranny because it ensures that the three branches won’t overpower one another.
James Madison, the principal author of the Constitution, knew that grave doubts would be cast on the Constitution if those states (the home states of several of its chief architects, including Madison himself) did not adopt it. During the ratification debate in Virginia, Madison promised that a bill of rights would be added after ratification. His promise reassured the
The governing document during this time, the Articles of Confederation, had multiple weaknesses including that there was no tax authority, no chief executive, and no judicial system. The Constitutional Convention of 1787 ultimately allowed for a functional, united governing system. The Federalists argument was more valid than the Anti-Federalist 's argument because they argued for an adequate government to preserve the union, a strong and energetic government, political prosperity, and the protection of life and liberty. In order to understand why the Federalist 's argument is stronger, we must examine the Anti-Federalist 's perspective. An Anti-Federalist is someone who opposed the ratification of the United States Constitution.
It was May, 1787, when representatives from all over the country came to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. George Washington was chosen to run these meetings, as they all believed he was trustworthy, he could have an unbiased opinion, and also that he could keep their secret. Their secret being the meetings and the discussions that took place here. They kept it unknown by the media and people so that they could say as they please without unwanted pressure. They created these meetings with the purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, on account of much needed to be done.
They were scared of tyranny, especially pertaining to the fact that under the new Constitution, the national government, or Congress, would be able to make decisions without even asking for the states’ permission. (Anti-Federalist 1: Brutus). Even though the Constitution called for checks and balances, Anti-Federalist Patrick Henry, was convinced that the president would be the one making all the decisions, not unlike a king. (Bianco and Canon, 44). The national supremacy clause in the Constitution even stated that national law supersedes any state law when there is conflict.
The Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781 and under these articles, the states remained sovereign, free, and independent. While each state has their freedom, Congress served as a last resort to appeal all disputes and differences that may arise between two or more states. In addition, Congress had the authority to make treaties and alliances, declare war, regulate money, appoint a committee, appoint military officers and manage affairs with the Indians. While it seems Congress had a fair share of powers, these articles caused problems due to a weak government. For example, Congress only had the power to pass laws, they did not have the power to enforce them; therefore, if the states did not agree with them they could ignore them.
The AoC was used to make the Constitution with the weaknesses and failures of it. If our country never made the AoC it would be pretty hard for us to make the Constitution. The Aoc had such a big effect on the Constitution it gave James Madison ideas of what to fix and put on the Constitution. It also gave us facts on what our country succeeded on.
The Federalist papers were made for two specifics reason of events that happened before the revolution that the leaders wanted to prevent in the future by coming up with the idea of editing the Articles of Confederation. this two reason were: American federal organization were practicing of the old British empire as it existed before 1764, and the arguments of the generation from the French and Indian war to the adoption of the federal Constitution, and, more particularly, the discussions in the ten or twelve years before independence, made the way they want to organize the country difficult because the population was used to it they were afraid of a change meant. “The center of this problem was the difficulty of recognizing federalism; and,
After the Declaration of Independence in 1776, the thirteen Colonies finally gained its freedom from Great Britain, Even though the thirteen States were independent they did not know what would be the specific prohibition on the government power. The Continental Congress adopted the Article of Confederation in which listed specific function to the National government. The Articles of confederation was a total disaster, because the Federal government was too weak to enforce any of the its laws. The thirteen States now decided that they needed a stronger central government and created the U.S Constitution, It was signed on September 17, 1787. The Constitution created a national government, laws, and guaranteed certain rights for its citizens.