Because of the numerous shortcomings of the Articles the convention that was held to modify the Articles wound up discarding the Articles of Confederation and starting from the very beginning once more. A weak Congress was one of the principle weaknesses of the Articles. “The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments” (Library of Congress). The main issue with the Articles of Confederation was that it neglected to give power to the government. The new states needed to unite under one Constitution and form a sovereign central government.
After the American Revolution, the Americans were finally able to break away from British rule. They knew they needed to create a government and with that, the Articles of Confederation were born. However, the Articles gave the states too much power and gave almost none to the federal government. The Founders scrapped the Articles and created a new document, the Constitution, which gave more power the federal government than the state governments. In spite of this, not everyone was happy about the new Constitution.
Both documents from both the Federalist document number one and the Anti-Federalists document number one examine what our nation would be like under one central government. These documents are very generalized introductions for their arguments to either created a new constitution, or ratify our existing one. Before the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the United States didn 't use a large, powerful government as we know it today. The nation put most of the power into individual states which created several issues with the overall standing of the U.S. The governing document during this time, the Articles of Confederation, had multiple weaknesses including that there was no tax authority, no chief executive, and no judicial system.
The main difference with the Articles of Confederation to the constitution is having the lack of Central Leadership in which we had didn’t have no national court system or judicial branch and an executive branch to enforce any acts passed by Congress as well being able to have presidential figure to represent America without a representative to conduct foreign affairs especially with Britain at the time. America wasn’t able to deal with internal and external threats since Congress could not draft troops and were dependent on states to contribute forces. The constitution fixed this by adding three branches executive,legislative and judicial also adding the checks and balances system. We also have an army now but congress has to authorize to
Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress could not demand taxes or money from the states. This meant there was no stable source of funding during wartime for the Continental Army and this made it difficult for them to obtain provisions and to pay soldiers. Hamilton used the discontent amongst soldiers about pay to emphasise how important tax would to be to the country and to congress. An amendment to Articles was proposed that would allow Congress to tax imports, but was rejected by Rhode Island in November 1982. Hamilton and James Madison joined forces to persuade Congress to send a delegation to convince Rhode Island to change its mind.
Many Americans who were not wealthy supported the Constitution was because they believed that the United States needed a new and stronger national government. They believed that this government could provide the stability and security against violent outrages. The foil of these people were the Antifederalist. The Antifederalists offered three objections: that the Congress had conspired under a “veil of mystery” to create a new form of government, that a strong national government would destroy states’ rights, and that the new system of government resembled and monarchy and that violated the principle of liberty that guided the American Revolution. They also pointed that the voters will not directly
1) The first problem with the Articles of Confederation was that Congress could not raise taxes and had no money of its own because the States collected taxes and were reluctant to fork over any money to the Congress. Article one section eight of the constitution tells Congress they have the power to collect taxes which fixed the problem of no body giving money to the Congress Article one section eight also solves another one of the main problems of the Articles of Confederation which was that a weak central government had a hard time standing up to foreign enemies. In the same section that solved our problem of money for the central government it also authorized Congress to raise an army. The third problem was the Articles of Confederation
The United States started with The Articles of Confederation and while it was the first official unionization for the country, there were many weaknesses in it; we were unable to function efficiently as a whole. A federal system would be more beneficial over a confederation because it would give all provinces the opportunity to send a representative for their area to represent their needs and there would be a balance in power so that no area is being favored over the
The United States, under the Articles of Confederation, did not have the ability to properly deal with the problems arising within the borders of the country. As written to George Washington by a delegate from the Continental Congress, troops that had fought in the American Revolution were discontent because they were not receiving their payments and Congress did not have the capacity to pay off the country’s debts. (Doc C) The government was unable to pay off the debt of the country because the Continental Congress did not possess the ability to regulate commerce. Rhode Island rejected the proposal of a universal tariff, which would have helped to pay off the debt of the new nation. (Doc A) This rejection showed the issues with requiring unanimous support for an amendment, since a small state could decide the fate
However, four years later, the United States was still not yet quite united. It was under a confederation-where the states remained sovereign and independent, and the powers of the central government rests on the approval of member-states. A transformation of its political system to federalism -where central government is essential in uniting and leading all member states was believed to be imperative by some head of states. Therefore, the existing Articles of Confederation at that time had to be changed (History.com Staff, 2009). Having just emerged from the American Revolution that started as an opposition against the British government's taxation, there was much caution and fear about the power of a US federal government and what rights each state have.
Overall, the Constitution did not establish a fair government. The document lacked equality in all different aspects. The Constitution gave the United States a strong, central government, but that didn 't make it fair. White males were the only exception in the Constitution, the only person with natural rights that were thoroughly protected. As far as natural rights go, the Constitution protected slavery thus defeating the purpose of becoming an independent nation: to have
This document was directed towards the Federalist by the antifederalist to explain a possible problem of the checks and balances system, after the drafting of the constitution and awaiting approval. The Anti Federalists didn’t want what we have now,they didn’t want the federal government to have and influence over citizens’ lives, they didn’t want the govt to in any way resemble a monarchy because they had just escaped from the corrupt monarchy. They believed that if the power in the country occupied in the people of the various states, then their vision would have a chance of success. Likewise, the Anti Federalist thought there was no bill of rights, so they disliked the constitution. Every constitution should have one for the people, and the government shouldn’t refuse to give on, as shown on Document E. The Letter to James Madison, Objections to the Constitution was written by Thomas Jefferson to explain what he disliked about the constitution to one of the writings, after the constitution was drafted and were awaiting ratification.