In that time, there were many heavy social standards and one of those standards was accepting Jim Crow. One example of one person not being able to combat Jim Crow due to the social pressure was in the book To Kill A Mockingbird. One of the characters, Dolphus Raymond, liked hanging out with black people and was friends with them. He knew that there was pressure against it, so he took the cowardly way out by pretending to be drunk as an excuse to hang out with them. The fictional character of Mr. Raymond is a great embodiment of the mental state of the silent few in America that knew that Jim Crow was wrong, but didn’t have the means or willpower to end it.
Throughout the text, Justice system plays a big role in the discrimination for African-Americans. At this instant Jefferson attorney is up to defend his client and he started off by saying, ‘’Do you see anyone here who could plan a murder, a robbery, can plan anything? A cornered animal to strike quickly out of fear, a trait inherited from his ancestors in the deepest jungle of blackest Africa--yes, yes, that he can do--but to plan? To plan, gentlemen of the jury? No, gentlemen, this skull here holds no plans” ( 7 ).
In order to understand the Eighth Amendment and how it pertains to To Kill A Mockingbird, one needs to understand the unjust ways the death penalty was implemented in the 1930’s with minority groups, especially African Americans. To this day, some still argue over whether the death penalty is discriminating towards African Americans and other minority groups or if it is even constitutional. In the novel, Atticus Finch, a white man, accepts the challenge of defending a black man, Tom Robinson for the accusation of raping and beating a white woman. Atticus is aware of the challenges he will face to persuade the judge and jury that Tom Robinson is innocent, as well as the backlash he and his family will be subjected to as a result of defending a black man. For example Atticus’ kids, Jem and Scout, were getting treated differently because “...Scout Finch’s daddy defended niggers.” (Lee 99).
When a black man named Tom Robinson is accused by Bob Ewell of beating and raping his daughter Mayella, Scout and Jem’s dad Atticus, who is a lawyer, defends him. Because of this, the kids deal with a lot of hate from the townsfolk but pull through it. In Tom’s trial, we meet Mayella and Bob Ewell. Bob was the one who beat his daughter Mayella, not Tom. Tom is accused anyway, however, because of his race.
Racism means hate towards another race and injustice mean unfair treatment, according to learner 's dictionary. In Just Mercy, Bryan Stevenson, an African american lawyer, was helping people get justice for the colored community. Another book similar to Just Mercy is, To Kill a Mockingbird, which made in 1960 was written by Harper Lee. Harper Lee addressed many issues about racial injustice too. Just Mercy was written in 2014, In modern day society, racial injustice has a big impact in this world today, as stated in Just Mercy and To Kill a Mockingbird.
But the upper class didn’t like his ways. They considered him the devil. Jackson wanted to keep the union together and didn’t approve of the nullification. Andrew Jackson did not promote democracy well. This is true because he was not maintaining peace/stability and he was too strong of a leader.
I think the meanings of these mistakes are that the narrator will show the readers how hard the black people have it in Harlem. The reason to the mistakes might be to show us that the black people are dumb and can’t spell, because there’s so many who doesn’t have a job, and therefore their kids can’t come to school. Otherwise the language might be effected by the common use of slang in the ghetto’s. When I draw parallels to the text “American skin (41shots) “ It reminds me of the old Mrs. Davis who is really concerned about her son every time there is any kind of crime in Harlem (Page 18 line 20-22). This also appears in “American skin” because Lena is worried about her son going to school.
“Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win.” (Lee 101). Harper Lee, the author of To Kill a Mockingbird wrote an inspirational story that discusses racism at the time of the Great Depression. In To Kill a Mockingbird, there is a character named Atticus Finch, who is given a difficult task to be the lawyer of a black person, Tom Robinson, who was accused of raping a white women. Atticus Finch is known through Maycomb, Alabama as a man who is always respectful and true to others. He has two children, who he loves, and teaches them moral lessons that will get them through life.
Messenger boys sometimes never got paid,The Messenger boys would go to where the message was to be delivered and if the person was not found or declined the message the boys did not get paid. The owners did not really care or want to pay the messenger boys, they wanted the money for themselves. The text states “To them, it was not fair to lose payment on messages just because the person addressed could not be found or refused to accept the message.”( page 44) This symbolizes the unfair situation the Messenger boys had to work through. The owners did not want to pay the Messenger boys, the owners were probably really happy when the message was not delivered. At this time there were no labor laws, so the boys had no rights to protect them from unfair policies such as delivering a message and not getting paid.
Nevertheless, To Kill a Mockingbird remains to be one of the most widely taught works of literature and is renowned for ingraining readers with positive views against racism. Set during the Jim Crow Era in the South, To Kill a Mockingbird displays many instances of racism. Atticus Finch, a protagonistic lawyer, defends Tom Robinson: an African American who is falsely accused of rape. Throughout the trial, Scout and Jem Finch are repeatedly ridiculed based on their father’s defense of Robinson. Lynch mobs led by racist towns members gather at the jail with the motive to kill Robinson, although the mob ends up breaking up due to Scout’s comments.