The Right Thing “Sometimes it is better to lose and do the right thing than to win and do the wrong thing.”-Tony Blair. In the book, To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch realized this very truth. When someone approached Atticus about defending a black man named Tom Robinson, Atticus had a serious decision to make. MayElla Ewell recently accused Tom of raping her, and Atticus would have to prove otherwise. In this time, white people thought of black people as lower than them and did not treat them fairly.
Novelist Harper Lee, in her book To Kill a Mockingbird, depicts the racism and inequalities in the town of Maycomb by having a white man, Atticus Finch, defend Tom Robinson who was black. Lee’s purpose is to show the world is unfair between races and we need to have compassion for others. She adopts a serious tone to appeal to people’s morals to do the right the thing by those seeking changes for equality. Throughout his closing argument, Atticus ensures credibility, mentioning God, and by presenting evidence that Tom Robinson is not guilty but someone in the courtroom is, to explain Mayella’s reasoning to lie. When Atticus presented the “circumstantial evidence to indicate Mayella Ewell was beaten savagely by someone who led almost exclusively with his left hand”, he mentions Mr. Ewell “did what any God-fearing .
He tried to tell people how badly they were being treated, because of their differences. King was arrested 30 times for his cause but he never gave up. His most known arrest lead him to Birmingham Jail where he wrote the famous, Letter from Birmingham Jail. “Perhaps it is easy for those who have never felt the stinging darts of segregation to say, "Wait." But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate filled policemen curse, kick and even kill your black brothers and sisters; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of
Tom Robinson was a black man convicted of rape at a time when the Jim Crow laws were at their most potent, thus there was a large power divide between the white population and the black one. Since the jury was composed of all white men the odds facing Atticus’s success in this case where astronomical. However, Atticus chooses to take the case. In taking the case alone Atticus demonstrates great social courage, for social courage is when you persevere to the end of a task despite social adversity and pushback. This pushback is shown by multiple instances in which Jem and Scout are made fun of for their father is a “n****r lover”.
If Judge Taylor were to have had a say in whether or not Tom Robinson was guilty, Tom would have never gone to jail, and would most likely still be alive. Judge Taylor focuses on the facts, and the proof, so when Tom was declared guilty, although he knew it was going to happen from the beginning, it probably still stung a little to him. With each ‘guilty’ added to the poll, the reality of the trial sunk in, and it was hard to believe the society in with he was a part of. Like Atticus said, “this case is not a difficult one, it requires no minute sifting of complicated facts, but it does require you to be sure beyond all reasonable doubt as to the guilt of the defendant,”(203). John Taylor was the reason Atticus had to defend a black man, Mr. Taylor not only supported Atticus, but he supported Tom Robinson as well, he knew Tom was a good guy, with the unfortunate luck to get caught up in the trial.
Restoration of Hope Imagine you were a black man living in the 20th century, and you were accused of raping a white girl. Because she is white and you are black, you are declared guilty and given the death penalty. In Harper Lee’s novel To Kill A Mockingbird, a man of color named Tom Robinson was accused of raping a white girl. Atticus, the father of the main character Scout and her brother Jem, is selected to defend Tom from the death penalty and a crime he didn’t commit. Scout retells their story and eventually Tom’s death.
Life is like outer space, unknown and always changing. In the story To Kill a Mockingbird, Harper Lee writes about the segregation, hate, and prejudice in a town called Maycomb. Tom Robinson, a black man, is accused of rape and doesn’t know what to expect. His attorney, Atticus Finch, an experienced, knowledgeable, and kind man, does his absolute best to defend him. However, the jury consists of all white males, most being racist and narrow-minded about the situation.
Atticus’s parenting is really good. He is friendly with his kids also, he is the role model to both of his children. He treats his children as equal. He allows Scout to be herself, and does not pressure her to be more girlish. Atticus is also talks to them like adults and he teaches the kids to be kind to others.
He wanted justice to happen even if he was the only man in the whole town to stand up for an African American, Tom Robinson. He didn’t care what people were saying about him. He didn’t want to be a racist man who was supporting in injustice accusation. He wanted to be an independent man who chose to defend a man who he believed had been accused falsely. Equally as important is when Juror 8 began to the defend the African American child.
Due to the fact he is a modern hero, all modern heroes should exhibit this. Another time Atticus demonstrates this is when the trial in which he is defending a black man is drawing to a close. When Atticus is pleading to the jury he makes this statement regarding fairness, “I am confident that you gentlemen will review without passion the evidence you have heard, come to a decision and restore this defendant to his family. In the name of [G-d], do your duty” (275). This seems like standard closing remarks but in this context, it means to judge the case without the racism one would expect from an all-white jury.
Mr. Finch knew that at the beginning of the case that he had no chance at winning, but that wasn’t excuse for not trying to nor defend Tom. Atticus Believes that everyone deserves a fair chance of justice, “‘Simply because we were licked a hundred years before we started is no reason for us not to try to win,’ Atticus said” (Lee 78). He knows that Racism is almost like a Culture in Maycomb, which doesn’t help Tom 's side of the case. But that doesn’t matter for Atticus, he believes in equality off and on the court. Ultimately, Atticus wants Tom to have a fair trial that shows the truth, and has been attempted by
This gives them the power, as well as helps them maintain it. In a society with only a few white people, they would likely not have so much power for long. As Atticus says in chapter 20, “We know all men are not created equal in the sense that some people would have us believe” (Lee 274). People have different opportunities and different ways of thinking, but oftentimes, people go with the status quo, which is established by means of the majority. The racist white men in Maycomb are not few and far between, which helps them to maintain their
Tom Robinson is in court because he is accused of raping Bob Ewell 's daughter. Tom is a black man and during that time they were still being discriminated and being treated unfairly. Bob is a white man and when a white man accuses a black man of anything the white man is the outcome is usually in the white man 's favor. In the courthouse Atticus was trying to defend Tom Robinson, he uses an allusion and says, "But there is one way in this country in which all men are created equal--there is one human institution that makes a pauper the equal of a Rockefeller, the stupid man the equal of an Einstein..." (210). Atticus alludes the jury to two of the most famous men in the era.
Atticus did not only open the kids eyes to how you should not judge someone, but also, to stand up for what you believe in, despite what others might say. When Atticus is presented with the Tom Robinson case, without much thought, he says yes to being his lawyer. He knows the rest of the town will disapprove, but he believes in the innocence of this man and does not care of his complexion. In this moment, Scout and Jem only see how everyone will downgrade them and see them differently. Atticus shows, it does not matter what others think, all that matters is that you support what you believe in.
Lastly, Atticus Finch, possibly the most important symbolic character, represents justice throughout the whole novel. Atticus practices and teaches his children to be morally correct and to do what is right. Going against what the majority of the residents, Atticus hopes for justice and tries to do what seems impossible in Maycomb—prove a black man innocent based solely on the word of a white family. Although the case doesn’t conclude in Tom’s favor and Atticus doesn’t get the just verdict he wanted, Robinson is eventually avenged by another mistreated member of Maycomb—Boo Radley. Atticus proves himself a good lawyer, however, justice is not served until Boo Radley finally kills demented Bob Ewell.