Although the ability to gain power as in individual is a trek on its own, as a group it creates a sense of empowerment. This empowerment is portrayed through Bromley’s ‘You’re Making My Head Spin.’ Bromley describes empowerment as “a collective, expansive, and beneficial rather than merely satisfying for the individual. Empowerment increases the social, economic, political and spiritual strength of individuals and their communities. It is not finite like a pie. A piece for one person doesn’t leave less for everyone else” (Bromley 50). Empowerment takes Kimmel’s argument that “power is never the property of an individual; it belongs to a group and remains in existence only so as the group keeps together” (Kimmel 108) to the next level. Empowerment …show more content…
Audrey Lorde discusses the importance of speaking up and breaking the silence in ‘The Transformation of Silence into Language and Action,’ a chapter from the ‘Sister Outsider.’ “What is most important to me must be spoken, made verbal and shared, even at the risk of having it bruised or misunderstood” (Lorde 40). Lorde acknowledges the power within the system but doesn’t allow the fear to limit her. “and I begin to recognize a source of power within myself that comes from the knowledge that while it is most desirable not to be afraid, learning to put fear into a perspective gave me more strength” (Lorde 41). The fear we so often face, whether it be from our race, religion, class, status, sexual orientation, gender, age or ability, we need to understand that knowledge is power. That with knowledge comes the ability to gain power. With knowledge comes empowerment and enlightenment. Lorde connects Bromley’s concept of power and privilege with Kimmel’s concept of fear related to power to state that, “in the cause of silence, each of us draws the face of her own fear – fear of contempt, of censure, or some judgement, or recognition, of challenge, of annihilation” (Lorde
Content Response 1 For centuries, power has been a way of establishing hierarchy and social pyramids that have helped us create the society we live in today. However, we have become more aware of the constant influence that power has in human lives thanks to the perspective of critical theory, which has showed us that power is something that constitutes all of human interactions and relationships. Michel Foucault defines power as a behavior or process that permeates all human interaction (Allen, 2011). He states that power resides in every human encounter for the purpose of transforming structures of communication and meaning. Power is not limited to only a person in a power position, but it is present in any reciprocal relationship.
Silent Speech in Audre Lorde’s Zami: A New Spelling of My Name Even though, she was born on February 18 1934 as Audrey Geraldine Lorde, her name quickly changed to Audre Lorde; “I did not like the tail of the Y hanging down below the line in Audrey” (Lorde 24). She was only 4 years old when she made this decision, already marking her head-strong character, which Audre Lorde possessed throughout her turbulent life. Not only was Audre Lorde a fervent civil rights activist, but also a devout feminist, however she described herself as; “black, lesbian, mother, warrior, poet” and “dedicated both her life and her creative talent to confronting and addressing the injustices of racism, sexism, and homophobia” (Poetry Foundation). Most of Lorde’s poetry and critical essays are focussed on black female identity, feminism, civil rights issues or a combination of these issues.
Friedrich Nietzsche presents several ideas on the concept of power and what humans do with it in his work “On the Doctrine of the Feeling of Power.” Such ideas can also be found interspersed into the personalities of characters in Nancy Farmer’s book The House of the Scorpion. We conceive power as a person’s ability to have others do what he wants, and Nietzsche highlights this points in various parts of his text. Having power is not bad, but people do not always use theirs for good. Finally, aspects of Nietzsche’s ideas run through each person’s individual everyday life.
Having power is the ability to control and influence the behaviors of others. In the small town of Salem, Massachusetts in 1692, women were kept from having power. They were to be docile and surrender to the authority of men. They were not to have a substantial role in their community - only men could fill the positions of leaders and ministers. However, women found a way to have power anyways, even with non traditional methods.
Today, people have power within our politics, family households, work, maybe even in friendships. So, we are experiencing power wherever we are including school, work, home, etc. Truthfully power can mean something different to anyone, but the main concept you can take away from it
Critically thinking about how we practice for example in terms of power
Power and influence in society have a huge impact on the way things happen and affects perception. A prime example is the power that presidents and prime ministers have. Given this power they can effectively influence and persuade others. Power and influence is often associated with gender, conflict and roles and relationships. The importance of the power and influence can be thoroughly examined using texts that demonstrate ideas presented as truths.
Additionally, these stories reveal the great diversity among women. Generally, women are grouped together, as stated by Lorde: “As women we have either been taught to ignore our differences or view them as causes for separation and suspicion rather than forces of change (Lorde, 1979).” Despite the efforts to categorize women’s issues into one mass of problems, White women perceive the world differently than African American women, Hispanic women, Native American women, etc., and vice versa. This conglomeration of “women’s issues” does not address every aspect of being a woman in patriarchal and unjust societies throughout the world.
When power is given to a person, it can change them negatively by creating an selfish and ungrateful ego. Many people who obtain authority and dominance become pompous and their superiority begins to feed their self-esteem. The lesson of power changing people is proven throughout history and is displayed in many novels and movies where the majority of citizens see power as money, and money as success. Having the mindset that being powerful leads to success causes them to under appreciate their lives and not see the goals they’ve accomplished as successes.
Why have leaders? Why not embrace anarchy where decision-making and power are shared evenly among community members? Although this system would seem to ensure peace, harmony, and equality within society, it may foster complacency and stunt progress. This idea of how power should be distributed within a group has perplexed society for years, and John Steinbeck explores this theme while describing a family’s experience during the Great Depression. By presenting differing types of communities in his novel The Grapes of Wrath, Steinbeck demonstrates the impact of leadership and lack thereof.
Although empowerment theory is intended to alleviate the oppression of marginalized groups, there are no specific guidelines or procedures for doing so (Gutierrez et al., 1995). As a result, this theory may prove to be too abstract for some practitioners, as there are no specific processes for implementing empowerment in an individual, group, or community and it is a more open-ended
The idea that those who participate in these “everyday forms of resistance”, choose not to bring attention to themselves is also reinforced multiple times throughout the text. All these examples bring along questions that need to be answered: Where does power lie? Is this power narrowly or widely distributed? And, is power about formal political institutions or does it reside somewhere else?
iii. Self-Determination: The autonomy in which an individual makes decisions about his work. iv. Impact: The degree in which an individual can influence strategic, administrative or operating outcomes at work (Ashforth, 1989). Empowerment forms according to Lashley (2001) include; i. Empowerment through participation; this means the delegation of decision-making from management arena, for example, the use of autonomous working groups.