Autism: A Diagnostic Analysis

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The word Autism, is a big topic of discussion. It is a developing story, that many are learning by time and people are now using new ways to diagnose it. With new criteria for diagnosis coming out, and with the most recent being the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), psychiatrists and psychologists are now using this manual to evaluate individuals. With much controversy occurring, because of the arrival of the new DSM-5, many are inputting their opinion, on how this may affect the way people may receive help and services they were once either, excluded or included from. These people being excluded or included from the services are mainly described demographically more male than female, and within…show more content…
So recognizing signs and symptoms may be different in each country. For example in South Africa it is difficult to screen a child with autism using the ADOS method. One way would be by “A child pretending to have a birthday party- singing ‘Happy Birthday’, cutting and distributing slices of cake, and so on. But in rural areas of South Africa, birthdays often aren’t celebrated, so even typically developing children might be unfamiliar with this ritual.” (Brody, H., Matson, J. , & Goldin, R., pg. 2). So, because of these complications in the screening tests, they have to take detours, such as creating an event that produces the same excitement as a child celebrating their birthday. There are characteristic similarities as well though, such as pointing or looking together at an object. (Brody, H., Matson, J. , & Goldin, R., pg.…show more content…
Also, new studies are finding in Mexico at 1 in 115 are being diagnosed. ((2016). How is Autism Diagnosed?. ). Lots of these symptoms demographically,” Boys are five times more likely to have autism than girls are, but girls with autism tend to exhibit more severe characteristics” (Block, M., Block, V. , & Halliday, P. , pg.8). Recent evidence also exists that there is a link between autism and twins. Identical Twins, about 70-90%, both have autism in comparison to, 3% of fraternal twins both have autism. Also, study has shown that families that have more than one child, their second child, tend to be the one that may carry the disorder. It is key to understand that genetics and environmental factors is not fully to explain the cause of autism (Block, M., Block, V. , & Halliday, P. , pg.

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