Autism Spectrum Disorder is a brain-based developmental disorder that involves multiple abnormal perceptual, cognitive, linguistic and social behaviors. With rates of Autism Spectrum Disorder rising, it is important that we improve our understanding of the causes of the disorder and become more culturally aware and sensitive to screening for the disorder in order to find effective interventions. Understanding of the current clinical picture, etiology and treatment of ASD will be discussed. Autism was a label coined in the early 20th century from the Greek word autos meaning “self” as it was used to refer to individuals who would “withdrawal from the fabric of social life into the self” (Hallahan, Kauffman, Pullen, 2015, pp.210). Symptoms …show more content…
A psychiatrist diagnoses Autism using criteria established by the American Psychiatric Association’s DSM-5 though observation of the child in an examining room and recording observations made by the parents. Clinicians may also ask parents and teachers to complete behavior checklists such as the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised after observing the child’s behavior at home and in the classroom (Hallahan, Kauffman, Pullen, 2015, pp. 216). Clinicians look for signs in social, communication and behavioral differences. Some social differences are that a child with Autism would have little or no eye contact and do not read social cues. They do not respond to a parent’s smile or other facial expressions and often have inappropriate facial expressions. They do not show concern or empathy for others, they do not bring objects of personal interest to parents, nor do they look at objects or events a parent is looking at or pointing to. They are unable to, or uninterested in making friends and are overly literal. Some communication differences are that they do not point at things to indicate needs or share things with others. They also may exhibit language patterns called parroting or echolalia meaning they repeat exactly what others say without understanding the meaning. They do not respond to their name being called, they mix up pronouns, they often do not want to …show more content…
New data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention concludes that with a 30 percent increase in the past two years, 1 in 68 U.S. children have been diagnosed with ASD concluding that early intervention can greatly improve a child’s long-term development and social behaviors (Autism 2014). There are several factors that may contribute to the rising prevalence rate of ASD. Like other disabilities, the occurrence rate of ASD for boys is five times higher than it is for girls. There could be several reasons for this disparity (Hallahan, Kauffman, Pullen, 2015, pp. 211). An article in Times Magazine entitled “Why Girls May be Protected Against Autism” explores why this may be the case. There may be genetic factors that increase the risk among boys or maybe there are factors that protect girls against being as susceptible to developing ASD. Maia Sxalavitz discussed how a research team analyzed data collected from twins. The team theorized that if there were something protecting girls from ASD, the girls who did develop ASD would “have to be faced with a heavier burden of whatever genetic or environmental risk factors cause ASD in order to actually develop it” (Szalavitz, 2013). Researchers also conclude that perhaps genetic factors involve hormones oxytocin and vasopressin. They believe that “girls have less vasopressin and higher natural oxytocin…a social hormone” (Szalavitz, 2013). Hallahan,
Autism can prevent a person from socializing and forming relationships with others. People with autism tend to repeat, as well as attach to, odd and unusual behaviors; a consistent routine is important
According to the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition). It states that an individual with Autistic Spectrum Disorder has persistent defects in the social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. They have restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities. For a diagnosis to be made, symptoms must be present in the early developmental period. Symptoms can cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning.
The three distinctive behaviours of Autism are: Repetitive behaviours, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction. When parents realize that their child has autism they should be emotionally strong. Being consistent in your child’s learning environment is very key to reinforce learning. Also they should be able to find non-verbal ways to communicate with their child. You just have to learn their language of communication.
ASD for short, portrays numerous indicators that Lennie reflects in his behaviors throughout the play Of Mice and Men. The indicators for ASD display repetitive behaviors, restricted interests, and persistent challenges with social communication/interaction. According to Cleveland Clinic which occurs to have 77,000 caregivers, the forefront of modern medicine, ranks top five out of all hospitals in the US, and first in cardiology and heart surgery declares, “Autism, now called autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a neurodevelopmental disorder. ASD is a
Parents and educators do not always have all the information they need to make good decisions about whether a particular student is “exceptional” and the category of exceptionality. Lack of information impedes the ability to comprehend the challenges children with ASD face. An effective parent-advocate possess the ability to gather as much
(Grandin 2014, pg. 22). This is important information because this is how the discovery, autism is organic and not caused by the environment was confirmed. Furthermore, recent discoveries have concluded that “various autistic characteristics are associated with varying locations of genetic differences” (Boutot 2017 pg 7). This too points to biological not environmental causes. The information in this book provides great insight into the brain of an autistic person in easy to understand manner while providing important information to assist the person with autism and
London: Jessica Kingsley, 2002. Print. This book is about the latest research and clinical practices in autism. It discusses how a person gets diagnosed with autism, therapy a child will go through, medical aspects, communication, educators, siblings, adolescents with autism, and what families wish people knew about autism.
The symptoms of autistic disorder (often referred to as autism) includes a failure to develop a normal social relation with other people, impaired development of communicative ability, and the presence of repetitive stereotype behavior (Carlson 2013). The neurodevelopmental disorder that I select is autism. Many parents around the world are suffering and struggling with their kids. Most of those kids are nonverbal, and unable to communicate.
In this day, the nation is fighting many diseases, disabilities, and disorders. Among these are Asperger 's Syndrome, cancer, and Autism. Autism, caused by gene mutations, gives the individual low communication skills and makes it very hard for the child to acclimate to new situations and people despite the fact that most individuals are very smart. Autism can negatively affect family and social relationships and interactions due to the fact that individuals have very low communication skills making them hard to discipline and opening them to cruel comments and bullying.
Many ASD children have a common autistic talent and encouragement of that talent should be offered to these students. For example, a lot of children with ASD often show strengths in art, music, and math and so these talents should be encouraged for the child. Some children with ASD may need help with fine motor skills and control of their hands. These students should be able to type instead of write. Also, they may have a fear of loud noises and they should be protected from loud sounds and noises in the classroom as much as possible.
Females with ASD will show signs of increased social impairment, and a possible heightened risk of suppressing their emotions. It is especially important to watch for symptoms when the social difference between children with ASD and children without ASD become more. The reason I chose this article is because it has always been an interest of mine. I believe so many people don’t know about the disorder and have such a misunderstanding of it. Many believe it only affects the males, but there are females who have autism spectrum disorder.
While each person with autism displays different characteristics and degrees, some of the most common are difficulty with social interaction, language and behavior. Autism symptoms often can be described as having a lack of attachment, a disassociation with the environment, distractibility, hyperactivity and a negative emotional response to touch sensations. “Children who are held more and get more touch are the children who are more likely to survive and thrive, when compared to children who don’t have that physical aspect in their lives,” shares Fallon Oresick, massage therapist at Elements Westford. “When it comes to autism, it comes down to the same thing.” Even though adverse responses to touch are common from people with autism, the
I. Creative Influences Autism is a disability that is can’t be easily seen and that is why people who lack information about this disability often judge them. Individuals with autism has different personalities from one another and there are times that they act different towards other people and these people say that they are misbehaving or they just lack empathy from their families without knowing that the person has autism. Theory of mind refers to the idea that an individual with autism does not clearly understand that other individuals have different views, feelings and reasonings. Furthermore, it appears that they have difficulty understanding other people's beliefs, attitudes, and emotions.