Introduction: "How many of you have spoke your first word before kindergarten?" "Or did you learn how to read and write at an early age?" Some children have a hard time communicating to express their needs. Others might have trouble with certain skills such as daily living skills ranging from doing laundry and cleaning the house to dressing themselves. Most children are struggling academically in several subjects such as writing, mathematics, reading, art, and so on. Also, some children are very sensitive to certain things around them such as enormous crowds and lights
According to the Diagnostic Manual of Mental Disorders (fifth edition). It states that an individual with Autistic Spectrum Disorder has persistent defects in the social communication and social interaction across multiple contexts. They have restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests, or activities. For a diagnosis to be made, symptoms must be present in the early developmental period. Symptoms can cause clinically significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning. These disturbances are not better explained by intellectual disability or global developmental delay .
Autism is a lifelong brain disorder that messes with the development of the brain and make it harder for a person to communicate and interact with others. Some other symptoms to autism is repetitive behaviors. Since Autism is a spectrum disorder people diagnosed will have similar problems, but their condition will affect them in different ways. It is also a spectrum disorder because not every child has the same problems. One child can
Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by continuous problems in social communication and interaction, besides with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities. ASD stands for Autism Spectrum Disorder and can sometimes be referred to as Autistic Spectrum Disorder. As stated by the Medical News Today (2015), Autism Spectrum Disorder is a wide-spectrum disorder. This means that there will be no same people who will have the exact and same symptoms. And as well as experiencing altering combinations of symptoms, because some people will have mild symptoms while others will have severe ones. With the word spectrum, people with autism spectrum disorder may have challenges that may run the range from mild to severe, with different levels of ability and disability.
Autism Spectrum Disorder is a brain-based developmental disorder that involves multiple abnormal perceptual, cognitive, linguistic and social behaviors. With rates of Autism Spectrum Disorder rising, it is important that we improve our understanding of the causes of the disorder and become more culturally aware and sensitive to screening for the disorder in order to find effective interventions. Understanding of the current clinical picture, etiology and treatment of ASD will be discussed.
The three distinctive behaviours of Autism are: Repetitive behaviours, problems with verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction. When parents realize that their child has autism they should be emotionally strong. Being consistent in your child’s learning environment is very key to reinforce learning. Also they should be able to find non-verbal ways to communicate with their child. You just have to learn their language of communication. Human beings with autism have said that the world, to them, appears to be a mass of events, people and places which they contend to make sense of, and which can cause them considerable anxiety. To be specific relating and understanding to other people, and taking part in everyday social life and family may be a bit challenging for them. Other people appear to know, intuitively, how to communicate and interact with each other, and some people with autism may wonder why they are different. People with autism have challenges with both non-verbal and verbal language. Many of them have a literal understanding of language, and think people always mean exactly what they say. They find it often too difficult to understand: common phrases and saying, jokes and sarcasm and facial expressions or tone of voice. There are standard healthcare services designed to maintain the health and well-being of individuals with autism. They comprise of a wide range of treatments and therapies which are accepted and used by the majority of health care professionals. Service-based interventions include interventions supporting people with autism in education, employment and social care
Numerous opinions on autism therapy are stated over time and controversy is strong. A therapy that is most common among autism therapists is Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA). ABA teaches the person with autism skills with the use of rewards and punishments, if could be stated as
When looking at reviews on interventions used with children with asd it appears not all are
The topic I read about was weather there is a relation between Autism and the vaccinations that those who have the disorder may have received. Autism is a brain disorder that normally shows by age three, people tend to have impaired communication and interpersonal skills along with so restricted or repetitive behavior. The two articles go over how a key ingredient in vaccines may cause this disorder, while the other aims to show how the relation is nothing more than a myth.
Autism is a spectrum disorder that results in varying levels of severity. This means that autism is actually an umbrella term that is used to describe symptoms that can be found among the three major disorder types: autism, Asperger's syndrome and Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). Therefore, every autistic student has individualized symptoms and conditions. Autism effects a student's social, behavior and language skills. First, the child may exhibit strange facial expressions or body language. They may have a lack of common interests and be unable to engage in social interaction. They struggle to understand people's feelings and make friends. Second, they may experience
Carleton University aims to achieve creating an accessible learning environment that is equitable for students with the long-term goal of promoting opportunity through an ongoing process, for all persons with disabilities with the principles of dignity, independence, integration and equal opportunity in mind. Hence, I believe it should be noted that Carleton has always had the goal of creating a barrier free environment moreover this has resulted in exceptional policies to accessibility through its comprehensive human rights policies and through this long history of creating integrative programs has brought Carleton to where it is today. I believe that Carleton’s ongoing goal of removing barriers and willingness to adapt is the reason why achieving an assessable learning environment is possible, therefore due to the understanding that accessibility is an ongoing process. I would like to talk about the transition support programs that Paul Menton Centre has for students with disabilities. Carleton and more specifically PMC has integration methods that aids in removing barriers for persons with disabilities that the University
Much less researched or studied than other options of treatment, medication and vitamin/diet regimens are another available option of treating or handling an autism spectrum disorder. The few studies for medicinal treatments have been done mostly on animals. One study focused on rats that had been bred to demonstrate symptoms of autism. The researchers gave the rats the experimental drug, which worked to a degree, but researchers are hesitant to move the drugs onto human trials as “…the results of animal studies often don 't hold up in humans” (Goodwin). There is no medicinal treatment for autism in humans to date, but some symptoms of autism spectrum disorders can be treated, such as anxieties, aggression, and even depressive tendencies. These symptoms that range wildly from one individual to another can be handled by taking anti-depressants or anti-anxiety medications, if one wished to do so. Not only modern medicine, but herbal remedies have existed for centuries; they do much the same as medications do, but some prefer it as a more natural/organic option. “However, a growing number of parents of children on the autism spectrum are using biomedical treatment - a modified diet and added supplements - and have reported impressive results” (Long), the use of diets and supplements is supported by the belief that a healthier body leads to healthier brain function. But it is enormously important to remember that medicines are chemicals, and one should always be cautious of what
Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders was 62/10 000 (Elsabbagh M, 2012). In India around 2,000,000 children having autism, based on estimate rate of 1 in 250(The Autism Society of America, 2007). The prevalence of having ASD increases significantly for siblings. If one identical twin is diagnosed with autism, the other twin has a 60-96% chance of also being on the spectrum. In non-identical twins, the chances decrease to 0-24%. When one child has autism, the chance of a non-twin sibling having it as well is only 2-8%.The term spectrum refers to the wide range of symptoms, skills and level of impairment, or disability, that children with ASD can have. Some children are mildly impaired by their symptoms but others are severely disabled (National Institute of Mental Health, 2011). Autism has increased dramatically within the past years. More children are being diagnosed each year due to increased awareness and diagnosis that have been made. Many people in our society may have heard the word autism or know a friend or family that is diagnosed with having autism. In only a most cases, development is abnormal from infancy and, with only a few exceptions, the conditions become manifest during the first 3 years of life. Each child with autism disorder
In Joint Attention in Children with Autism (2004) describes the definition of joint attention in typically developing children and how we can use strategies in children with autism in order to teach joint attention to young children with autism. Around nine months of age, typically developing children begin to engage in joint attention, an early social communicative behavior in which two people share attentional focus on an object or event ( Bakeman & Adamson, 1984). A deficit in joint attention is one of the first symptoms that we can see in children with autism before one year of age and before of any diagnosis (Baron-Cohen, Allen, & Gillber, 1992; Charman et al., 1998; Osterling & Dawson, 1994). An important point is that according to Charman
Autistic characters are in several movies, but that does not mean that there is diversity in autism representation. Consequently, the similarity between the characters builds only one autistic as a reference of the disorder.