With Raymond’s support, Rosa got her high school degree in 1933. Rosa then became actively involved in civil rights issue by joining the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP in 1943, serving as the chapter's youth leader as well as secretary to NAACP President E.D. Nixon—a post she held until 1957. They didn’t have many opportunities, Rosa Parks said in an interview "we didn't have any civil rights. It was just a matter of survival, of existing from one day to the next. I remember going to sleep as a girl hearing the Klan ride at night and hearing a lynching and being afraid the house would burn down." (Rosa Parks Biography – Academy of Achievement, February 26, 2010) Rosa was diagnosed in 2004 with progressive dementia. Rosa sadly but quietly passed away on the 24th of October 2005, at the age of 92, in her apartment in Detroit, Michigan. Her death was marked by several memorial services, among them placing in state at the Capitol Rotunda in Washington D.C. where around 50,000 people went and viewed Rosa’s casket. Rosa was placed between her husband and mother at Detroit’s Woodlawn Cemetery, in the chapel’s mausoleum. Shorty after Rosa passed, the chapel was renamed the Rosa L. Parks Freedom Chapel in Rosa’s honour, she had previously prepared and placed a headstone in the middle of her husband and mother with the inscription “Rosa L. Parks, wife,
There are many wonderful people in history, one of those people are Jacqueline Cochran. She had a few jobs but she felt that they were not the ones that she desired the most. She was first to do something, and what she did was something that is inspiring to us.
Unfortunately, there was a truck pulled to the side of the road and Richard didn’t see it going back on the road. Richard tried to go around the truck but he lost control of their car and collided into the truck. Bessie had her arm out of the car and it was basically torn off of her elbow. Luckily, a surgeon was on the highway and came across the car accident. The surgeon stopped to help Bessie but then another car came and crashed into them. They were all taken to the hospital in an ambulance, but then when they reached the hospital, Bessie Smith was already dead. Bessie Smith, also known as “Empress of the Blues”, was buried near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on October 4th, 1937, and about 7,000 people came to her
Bessie Coleman was born on January 26, 1892 in Atlanta, Texas. She was one of 13 children to Susan and George Coleman (Early Life 1). At age 12 years old, Bessie Coleman began attending the Missionary Baptist Church in Texas, after she graduated, she went to Oklahoma to attend Oklahoma Colored Agricultural and Normal University (now called Langston University) (Early Life 1).She only completed one term because of financial issues (Early Life). Coleman 's journey did not end there Bessie
The poem “Homage to the Empress of the Blues” by Robert E. Hayden, written in 1962, is a tribute to the blues singer Bessie Smith. This poem requires careful reading and attention. This poem is an honor to Bessie Smith, an African American blues singer who was very popular in the 1920s and 1930s. I listened to the blues song on YouTube and the rhythm it made me want to sing along but there was definitely a message behind the song I think about African American slaves.
In 1915, a woman who would shape the meaning of jazz was born. Her name was Billie Holiday. Her life was marked by tumult and poverty; however, through the many hardships she faced, she remained strong and determined. Today, she is regarded as one of the best jazz vocalists of all time. Her renowned voice was distinct due to her abundant use different tones and with her ever changing range. In addition, Billie took the pain that she experienced throughout her life and conveyed it through song. Influential to jazz, Billie Holiday’s life and her music have continued to impact music and artists even now.
Ella Fitzgerald, also known as “The First Lady of Song” or “Lady Ella”, was an extraordinary singer highly known in the Harlem Renaissance. Born in Virginia then moving to New York, Ella grew up during the 1920s and got her breakthrough in the early 1930s. She joined an orchestra and produced her first number one single, A-Tisket, A-Tasket. Ella’s contributions to the Harlem Renaissance included not only her songs, but her appearances in movies such as. Ella Fitzgerald is shaped into the woman that she once was through her background, accomplishments, challenges and hardships; she also leaves a legacy that would continue on to influence many generations to come.
Often referred to as "The First Lady of Song," Ella Fitzgerald was one of the most popular female jazz singers in the United States. Throughout her career, Ella was awarded thirteen Grammys and sold over 40 million albums. With a voice that not only encompassed a large range, but a dynamic and powerful sound, Ella could sing almost anything from scatting to the popular tunes of her day. She performed in the top venues all around the world to packed houses, with audiences as diverse as the music she created. Ella came from a small town and impoverished family, but through her talent and determination, skyrocketed to fame creating a legacy that has withstood the sands of time.
Sojourner truth’s real name was Isabella baumfree(Also called by “Belle”)She changed it on June 1, 1843 at the age of 46 sojourner truth means “itinerant preacher“
Harriet Tubman mostly known for her abolitionist work was a very influential woman that saved many slaves’ lives. She was born into slavery with siblings and parents by her side. She died on March 10, 1913, but is still remembered for all of her work. Harriet Tubman had a hard life in slavery, worked in the Civil War, rescued slaves, worked on the underground railroad and can be compared to Nat Turner who also lived in the period of time when there was slavery.
Lena Horne was a star who broke racial barriers. In a suppressive 1900s America, an African American woman was determined to step into the limelight to defy the racial standards of her time. She faced an uphill battle trying to create a career from her childhood, with little support from her own family, let alone a white dominated industry. When she finally proved to be an astonishing performer and struck a deal with a major Hollywood studio, she was still held back by racial segregation laws still in effect in the south. Horne recognized her influence and used her talents to go from actress to activist. Through movie roles and songs the starlette used her voice to make movements for African American civil rights.
Ethel Merman who was born in 1908 as (Ethel Agnes Zimmerman) was an american actress and singer from Astoria , New York . Though Ethel was not trained in music many said she could“ belt out a song like no one else ” , many songwriters still sought out Ethel’s music knowing she was untrained such as Irving Berlin and Cole Porter who was known as major songwriters of the early 1900’s . Ethel is remembered for her great appearances in many great musicals . She started her career by singing at private parties and nightclubs . She was hired as a torch singer at Les Ambassadeurs and from there she began to gain publicity . She had a surgery on her tonsils a little while after she got the job , and was afraid it would mess up her voice , but luckily her voice was better than ever . Not long after she was offered to take Ruthe Etting’s part in a
Susan (Baker) King Taylor is a very important historian that played a significant role in the nursing field. Her contribution to the nursing profession is astounding, but easily forgotten and unnoticed by many. Susie was born on August 6th, 1848 at Grest Farm on the Isle of Wight, in Liberty County, Georgia (35 miles from Savanna). The oldest of nine children born into slavery, her owners allowed her to move with her grandmother (Dolly Reed) in Savanna at the age of seven.
Ida B. Wells had a huge impact for what set the mark for the Women 's Rights Movement. Her drive to help make sure her voice is heard as women. Not Just any women but a women of color. What she does provides a he impact on those who were willing to fight for their rights. Going through the diary of her life, she takes us through a journey of her life during Reconstruction.
“We have to talk about liberating minds as well as liberating society” (“Famous Angela Davis quotes - We have to talk about ….). Angela Davis no longer accepted the philosophies or ideas she could not modify within others, but worked to change the beliefs she could no longer accept. Davis aimed for her voice to be heard, so that her perspectives would perceive and taken into account by society. Davis is best known as a profound African-American educator, extremist for civil rights, and other advocate of other social issues. She realized about racial prejudice from her experiences with discrimination growing up in Birmingham, Alabama. She emerged as an influential counterculture activist and radical in the 1960s as an authority figure of the