First, the Plague was just an outbreak of the bubonic plague, which is a disease, created by the bacteria Yersinia Pestis. The first known case of the Black Plague was recorded in China, 224 B.C.E. In 1348, twelve Genoese boats docked at the Sicilian port of Messina, Italy, after they had finished sailing the Black Sea. Rats that lived on the ships spread the Plague to Britain in 1348.
Change in European Understanding of Plague in the 1348 versus 1352 Known as the “Black Death,” one of the most devastating plague pandemic wiped out approximately 30 to 60 percent of the European population, peaking in between 1348 and 1350 . It caused massive religious, social, and economic, upheaval in the European society causing great changes in the European culture and lifestyle1. Finally, when after three and a half years the first wave passed in 1351, it spared few regions causing devastation in towns, rural communities, families, and religious institutions . The plague was reportedly first introduced to Europe via the ports of Caffa and Sicily in 1347, when several Italian merchant ships returned from a trip to the Black Sea, one of the key links in trade with China .
Symptoms of bubonic plague include fever, chills, delirium, capillary hemorrhaging under the skin, and enlarged lymph nodes (“Plague” 1). People with the pneumonic strain can get the disease by coming in contact with animals or other people who are already infected (“Plague” 1). Pneumonic plague can develop as a complication of the bubonic strain (“Plague” 1). Hemorrhages turn black, hence the name Black Death (“Plague” 1). Pneumonic plague can cause death within twenty-four hours, if not treated (“Plague” 1).
The Black Death was a disease that had a catastrophic impact on Europe. Reaching Europe in 1347, the plague killed an estimation of one-third of the population in the first wave. Each document varies with its reasons for the cause of the plague and how to deal with it. The first document Ordinances against the Spread of Plague seemed to blame Pisa and Lucca for the plague and thus, began to forbid contact with those places. It was forbidden for citizens of Pistoia to go to, or have contact with anyone or anything from Pisa or Lucca.
In septicemic plague, bacterial endotoxins cause disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), causing tiny clots throughout the body and possibly ischemic necrosis (tissue death due to lack of circulation/perfusion to that tissue) from the clots. DIC results in depletion of the body's clotting resources, so that it can no longer control bleeding. Consequently, there is bleeding into the skin and other organs, which can cause red and/or black patchy rash and hemoptysis/hematemesis (coughing up/ vomiting of blood). There are bumps on the skin that look somewhat like insect bites; these are usually red, and sometimes white in the center. Untreated, septicemic plague is usually fatal.
The disease is very contagious. This fever can be transmitted by humans from the mouth and nose. Also, this can be spread easily by an infected individual coughing or sneezing in your presence In Frankenstein, Caroline Beaufort catches scarlet fever from Elizabeth. Caroline beaufort’s husband, Alphonse Frankenstein, suffers from the disease which he had carried from other events that took place in his life. Caroline becomes ill with the disease because she cares for Elizabeth and later becomes a victim of airborne respiratory.
The Death Machine Within two years, it killed 50 million people worldwide. It hindered the lives of 500 million throughout the world, and 675,000 lay dead from this in the United States alone. This killer became known as the Spanish Influenza. The Spanish Influenza struck at the perfect time, on the tail end of World War I. With soldiers densely populated in bunkers, the flu spread like wildfire, especially when it arrived in the United States of America. The Spanish Influenza was a stone-cold killer.
Medications need to be monitored and used correctly to ensure the health of the individual. If a person is on the verge of depression because of their anxiety, their best hope is a prescription drug. If the drug is abused the outcome would be what they originally had felt, most common depression. Suicidal thoughts would begin to take place, all because the medication had not been effective as the user didn’t affectively take the drug as ordered. If a death was to occur the medication would most likely not be to blame but the way the user had been taking the medication and not communication with their
Without access to healthcare one cannot see primary care physicians, receive preventative screenings or education on potentially harmful habits. One can only hope they remain healthy, and if not they hope to get better on their own without the help of physicians because it’s unaffordable. This is where delayed access to healthcare plays an important role. Preventable and easily treatable diseases become chronic and patients become very ill. Some receive some sort of treatment but sometimes at that point it’s too late, because their access to healthcare was delayed.
It can be caused by an influx of bacteria into the urinary tract, which can result from bad hygiene or holding in urine (waste material that is secreted by the kidneys). However, chronic (occurring for a long period of time, or always reoccurring) pyelonephritis can cause even more damage to the internal organs (organs within the chest or abdomen). This form of pyelonephritis can be described as the continuing infection of the kidneys, this time, more serious because there is an abundance of pus (liquid formed in infected tissue) present. This type is more common in patients who have a history of having anatomic abnormalities (relating to the body and having problems) such as kidney stones (a hard mass formed in the
As the rash spreads, it can cause blistering of all (Simmons 2007). The mucosa membranes will be affected in the following ways: The eyes will become red, sticky, and soar causing conjunctivitis, The mouth and lips will become red and clustered and the mouth will begin to get ulcers, esophagus will swell which would cause difficulty eating, The upper respiratory track will start closing up due to all the swelling causing and respiratory distress, The genital and urinary track will also gain ulcers, and the GI track will be affected causing severe diarrhea These signs and symptoms are very painful not only the lesions and blistering are occurring on the external part of the body but also in the interior part of the body. Due to these signs and symptoms a patient will become extremely anxious and will feel extreme pain and because of the pain patients will be in a induce coma. The skin and mucosal membranes are the part of the body that gets affected the most but other organs may be affected including liver,
Many people can die from the Bubonic plague if it is left untreated (Plague Occurs in U.S., But is Treatable). If the Bubonic plague is left untreated, it can kill up to sixty percent of its victims (Dobson 8). Eighty percent of infected persons die from the Bubonic plague (Benedictow). By the nineteenth century, The Bubonic plague had killed roughly 100,000 people (“Black Death”). When the Bubonic plague hit Marseilles, France, it killed 50,000 people (Dobson 16).
The first idea that pops up in somebody's mind if you were to say “The Black Plague” is that horrible disease when a tremendous amount of people died. Well yes, it was a catastrophic disease during the Middle Ages when many, many innocent people died from this horrific disease. Unfortunately, this epidemic spread throughout Europe and Asia and, to this day, is still known as the most dramatic period in history for amount of deaths. The way of life for many Europeans had forever changed from this outrageous downfall population change.
“Plague in Central America,” by Arana Xajila, in the years of 1519-1560 talks about a deadly plague that derives from Europe to Mesoamerica (Central America) and spreads throughout Central America. This plague had spread to the people of Central America when their tribe, Cakchiquels, were fighting against the Spaniards. The Spaniards that were fighting in the tribe had passed on this deadly plague to the Cakchiquels tribe who then passed it on to others in Central America. This plague can be known as the influenza (flu). This deadly virus was spreading rapidly and soon everyone in Central America were affected.