Coastal Carolina University
April 13, 2018 South of Freedom
South of freedom refers to a book authored by a young African journalist named Carl Rowan. He wrote the book mainly to report the day to day life of the black people in Minneapolis region. This includes what the blacks were going through in their day to day life. He focused on major hotspots where racial tension was rampant during that time such as Columbia, Tennessee which was the scene of the race riot in 1946 as well as Birmingham, Alabama, a brutal racist city in the region. In this book, Carl Rowan describes the racial mood situation in the south including the high rate of discrimination practiced in hotels and restaurants, railroad stations as well as on buses and trains (Rowan, pp.14-37). In this paper, I will mainly provide a book review of the discussing the main themes of the …show more content…
During this time, the blacks experienced high levels of racism from the whites. This included experiences such as racial discrimination, economic exploitation, segregation and humiliation among others. The blacks were also denied the right to practice their own taboos and forced to leave their culture (Rowan, pp.14-37). All this was in violation of the civil rights and therefore forced the author to write and report what the blacks were going through in the south region. According to the book, the blacks experienced high levels of racism in the hands of the white people. For example, the blacks were highly segregated in public places such as schools, health care centers, residential areas and bus stations as well as in the buses and trains. This indicates that there were specific areas set for the blacks and they were not allowed to interact freely with the white people. This shows a high level of discrimination and was in total violation of the civil rights and rights of black
Blacks were beaten, as well as White Republicans who pushed for equality. In the book, Bartoletti writes about educating the blacks and a spiritual aspect of the culture. She tells personal stories of members from the Klan and Black Freedman. She uses their testimonies in order to describe the horror at being threatened at night and not feeling safe at their own homes.
The narrator's father left while he was still a young child and never really had much to do with the narrator nor his mother, except for him visiting “in the evening, apparently under cover of darkness. ”(Fleming 4), because he did not want to be judged for being with a “black” woman and having a mixed child. Once the narrator learns at school that he is not “white” but rather “he is coloured,”(Japtok 1), he “switches from [race to race] in the years to follow”(Japtok 1). Most of society during this time fought for racial equality because truly the African Americans were treated more poorly than the white Americans. The narrator did not quite see things as if they were mistreated but instead he saw it as how different “blacks” are from “whites” and how some “blacks” are different than other
It has been shown many times that “Coloreds could not use the door or the window” (Owens 17). This quote is a significant part of the book as it proves to people what decade the book is in. The decade can be a crucial thing to do as an author because it gives the reader a sense of what the book may be similar to. Not only did segregation happen in Barkley Cove but also in Alabama, “Before that ruling, restaurants were segregated, but some white establishments would serve black customers take-out” (Yeager). The majority of the South was segregated during the period of this book.
The chapter covers various cases in which there were lies that were being told by the white women regarding them being raped by the Afro-Americans. The chapter covers the how the white women who had black children were treated in the society, and this is regarding being considered as outcasts, and they were divorced, disgraced, and in other cases, they were cashed from their homes. The third chapter of the book is “the new cry.” This chapter covers the plea of sympathy that was done by the southerners towards the northerners and this is because the whites who had sympathy for the lunching were deemed to have no sympathy for the white women who were victims of rape from the Afro-Americans.
The author describes reconstruction as a troublesome and difficult time for slaves to be integrated into society. They tell us that the African Americans were taken advantage of and it was like they were back in slavery all over again. The text said, "...many black sharecroppers found themselves enslaved once again." The African American sharecroppers were not treated as equal as the Emancipation Proclamation said they would be. The text said, "Many sharecroppers experienced bad treatment."
In William H. Chafe’s novel, Civilities and Civil Rights: Greensboro, North Carolina, and the Black Struggle for Freedom, Chafe used evidence from Greensboro, North Carolina to prove his thesis about resistance in the United States from 1945 to 1975. In Chafe’s thesis, he argued that America was resisting civil rights for free blacks. Greensboro was considered one of the most “progressive” areas in the New South and whites seemed to be greatly accepting of the racial changes in the south. Despite the fact that Greensboro appeared so tolerant towards change, there still was a large amount of resistance.
They had to deal with knowing an innocent man died of a crime he didn’t commit because he was black. They watched life unfold before their eyes. These two literature pieces showed how people don’t obey the human rights and how negative things happened.
An African American journalist by the name of Carl Rowan recounts in his book, South of Freedom, his six thousand mile journey through the south in 1951. Rowan was a journalist for the Minneapolis Tribune and reported in depth on the Civil Rights Movement which led him to write his first book South of Freedom in which he talked about racial divide from all over America. After the civil war the racial divide became greater and segregation became a social norm which created even worsening tension between whites and African Americans. South of Freedom examines in great detail the culture of fear that developed from ignorance and lack of understanding of things that different or not normal. The intimate nature of Rowan’s journalism is what makes it so enticing to the reader, human emotion and experience is very evident in Rowan’s writing which gives a personal connection to the men and women Rowan talked to on his journey, nothing was held back and it gave us an incredible
African americans were discriminated against strictly because of their race and had limited rights compared to other people. They were very restricted because of their race. Some examples would be segregation, limited utilities and education, and they had to give up their seats on buses for white people.
African Americans were forced to be segregated in schools that were often of inferior quality than those provided for whites, which denied their right to equal protection of the laws. To worsen the situation, the Jim Crow laws did not just affect schools, as they
During Jim Crow much worse things happened to African-Americans. Blacks endured unspeakable acts carried out by racist whites in the South. Throughout this essay we will explore what life was like growing up in the South as an African-American during the Jim Crow era and what it meant to be Black during this time. African-Americans were
Their schools and buildings were severely underfunded and not properly maintained. Blacks could not socialize with white people in public or they risked being arrested. “A black male could not offer his hand (to shake hands) with a white male because it
In Mark Bauerlein’s, Negrophobia: A Race Riot in Atlanta, 1906, the political and social events leading to the riot are analyzed. The center of events took place around and inside Atlanta in the early 1900’s. The riot broke out on the evening of September 22, 1906. Prior to the riot in 1906, elections were being held for a new Georgia governor. Bauerlein organizes his book in chronological order to effectively recount the events that led to the riot.
The Negroes were in constant suffering under the racist claws of whites who saw them as their prey. The black community suffered physical violence that made more than just their bodies hurt, violence so painful that made their hearts ache knowing that they were attacked for no other reason than their race. But even those vicious attacks seemed minor compared to the injustice that the blacks suffered. They were guilty of wanting justice so they were sentenced to misery and were tortured. Tortures by those who thought that their color made them unworthy of respect or fair treatment.
The authors use of words such as “dark clouds of racial prejudice” and “I cannot sit idly by” shows the injustice that was occurring in Birmingham. The “dark clouds” represent the social climate of Birmingham, allowing readers to see the negative effect it his having on the black citizens. He believed the injustice needed to be addressed and action needed to be taken against it, therefore what he did was justified. Additionally when Martin Luther King writes, “nagging signs reading ‘white’ men and colored when your first name becomes ‘nigger’ and your wife and mother are never given the respected title of Mrs…” This further demonstrates the unjust treatment of African Americans which is why someone needed to take action and not idly sit by as these things occcurred.