Jackie Robinson inspired many young African-Americans into believing they could be more than what their oppressors believed and be successful in a “white world”. “The courage and grace with which Robinson handled the abuses inspired a generation of African Americans to question the doctrine of “separate but equal” and helped pave the way for the Civil Rights Movement,” (Goldstein). Robinson changed the mindset of Civil Rights activists, all the sudden African-Americans had an idol competing and fighting through the same issues they were but on a national stage exposing the horrors and nastiness of racial extremism. Not only did he expose the level of racism in America but he led the way in solving it as professional athletes. “Robinson led other ballplayers in urging baseball to use its economic power to desegregate Southern towns, hotels and ballparks,”(Goldstein).
This was an idea which was unthinkable just a couple months before, and now African Americans were in the government, deciding what bills to make, or pass. They represented the interests of all African Americans, and they started to make decisions based on ones which would make their lives better, because they still faced many hard ships even though they were now equal to whites. African Americans greatly shaped the outcome and consequences of the Civil War. They were the cause of it, they played a key role in the battles, and they effected the political make up regarding African Americans, of not only the South, but the whole country. If the African Americans had not played a role in the war, the north may have still won because of their size, but the odds are that there would still be slavery and or segregation in the United States
Although the white flight movement was the last major strategy of resistance to desegregation, it proved to be a successful strategy for sustaining racial separation and the molding of the modern conservatives of the future. The rise of the conservative political movement in southern cities such as Atlanta imitated the same migration and political transformations that remodeled urban settings across the country. According to Kruse, white flight marked a national migration and ideological movement to the suburbs that spread uphill from lower class protests to eventually reach white Atlanta residents of all class backgrounds. White Flight reiterates on the idea that the most fundamental element to the growth of the white suburbs and the political conservatism that grew out of it was an exceeding desire for whites to exclude themselves from African
The war had reshaped their political and social expectations of race relations in the south. Veterans came back to a housing boom and difficulty integrating into society. African American veterans were expected to resume old roles in society such a being farm hands or chauffeurs. This in turn led to the creation of several groups such as the Georgia Veterans League which veterans encouraged voting registration and participation in the Democratic primaries (Cobb, 4). Some of the African-American veterans gained support from Caucasian veterans who felt that because of African American’s dedication to America that they too deserved the same rights.
They start to increasingly become more sympathetic towards the movement. The Negro press was considered the inner circle of the civil rights movement. They were the voice for the black people all around. They would usually be front and center to cover stories, but at times, the white journalists would be preferred because the blacks would either be constricted from entering an area, or the words from the white press caused a larger
Anderson begins the monograph with discussion of the postwar South and how they were hostile to the idea of black schooling. Postwar South was not accepting of the idea of black schooling. Planters saw the former slaves fight for education as a threat to their rule as well as the social hierarchy. Planters resisted in various ways but one way Anderson mentions is how Virginia planters threatened black families of eviction if they sent their children to school (1988, p. 23). Those for schooling argued what a benefit to planters by mentioning that this would affect the agricultural trade and create more productive laborers (1988, p. 82).
From 1877 to the mid 1960s the Southern United States enforced a series of rigid anti-black laws known as the Jim Crow Laws. In theory these laws were to create a “separate but equal” treatment, but in reality the Jim Crow Laws only sentenced people of color to inferior treatment and facilities. Under these laws, public organizations such as schools, hotels, restaurants, and the United States Military were segregated. Blacks were even expected to conduct themselves in accordance with the Jim Crow Etiquette. This prejudice standard of conduct used in the south, enforced blacks to treat whites as their superiors.
Have you ever thought about what makes a person good or evil? According to the Golden Rule we as humans should treat others the way we would want to be treated but this is not all ways the case. African Americans have fought for equality for an extensive period of time against desegregation and Racism. Due to the fact that White southerners were not happy with the end of slavery and the prospect of living or working “equally” with blacks whom they considered inferior. White Americans derived a system called the Jim Crow Law to keep African Americans in a subordinate status by denying them equal access to public facilities, public schools, and public transportation, ensuring that black Americans lived apart from white American’s.
In both sections of Document 2, many readers begin to realize that activists, such as King and Malcom X, wanted to make sure that Civil Rights movements was not only positive towards society, but was also handled accordingly in order for African Americans to become equal within society. However, Dr. King and Malcolm X demonstrated their difference in thoughts upon how the Civil Rights movements should be incorporated within society, especially when it came to violence. Document 2 demonstrates how both Dr. King and Malcolm X viewed their ideas of violence and how it contributed not only to their work within the movements, but also to the general historical aspect of society as we know it today. Dr King believed that the best way to contribute to the Civil Rights movement was to address the issue in a nonviolent manner. This manner included nonviolent aspects such as sit ins and marches in order to demonstrate a way of negotiating with the leaders within the world while also proclaiming the need for equality.
Fannie Lou Hamer wanted equal voting rights for African Americans because she believed they should have the same rights as whites. James Baldwin lived through the hardships and hatred in this time and wanted his nephew to be strong and aware of how he could push through. Each of these people were selfless in the manner and longed for change in the society as a whole. The texts of these people are closely related, not in content, but the meaning behind them. The Civil Rights Movement came into action because of injustice and unfair treatment.