Case Study: Mcculloch Vs. Maryland

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McCulloch vs Maryland

Summary In case of McCulloch vs Maryland is a landmark case that questioned the extent of federal government 's separation of power from state government. A problem arose when the Second Bank of America was established. With the War of 1812 and it’s financial suffering in the past, the government sought to create a bank with the purpose of securing the ability to fund future wars and financial endeavors. Many states were disappointed with this new organization, one of them being Maryland. In response to this, “The Maryland legislature responded to this action by levying a tax on all branches of banks “not chartered by the legislature”—a move aimed at destroying the Baltimore branch of the Bank of the United States."1James McCulloch who was a banker at the branch in Baltimore refused to pay the annual tax. He was convicted by Maryland state court and fined a total of 2,500 dollars. Losing at the state …show more content…

It was determined that “the Congress of the United States is granted for certain implied powers by the Constitution that are implemented in order to ensure for the proper function of the Federal Government."3In relevance to the states, it was determined that “States cannot impose on the powers granted by the Constitution to the Federal Government by any action."3 In the case of McCulloch vs Maryland,this included the act of imposing a state bank tax on a national bank.

This case tells us that the relationship between federal and state government is limited.
Personally, I believe that in the grand scheme of things, this decision has limited the powers of the states opposed to the federal

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