Case Study: Payton V. New York

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Payton v. New York
445 U.S. 573
Fourth Amendment search and seizure

Procedural History: Payton appealed the conviction of the trial court. The New York Court of Appeals upheld the conviction. The Supreme Court reversed and overturned the conviction.

Facts: Law enforcement gathered enough evidence to establish probable cause that Payton murdered a gas station employee. Without an arrest warrant, agents entered the suspect’s home with force to make an arrest. Payton was not home at the time of the entry but in plain view officers found a shell casing that was used for evidence.

Issue: Is it unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment Search and Seizure Clause for law enforcement to enter a home without an arrest warrant or search warrant

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