The Ancient Greeks value specific qualities in a person, however they did not value other. Ancient Greeks valued these qualities based on certain achievements or on a performances in war or even inside the city walls making substantial decisions. The Iliad is an epic novel by the Greek poet Homer. The Iliad is based off of the Trojan war between the Achaeans led by King Agamemnon and the Trojans led by King Priam of Troy. This novel focuses on the actions of several characters and how the disparate gods interfered with the war to help one or the other side have a chance to win. The Iliad also spotlights the individual qualities of a Greek hero or non-hero. Numerous characters in the Iliad demonstrated exceptional qualities of a Greek person that was valued, such as bravery and helpfulness and that was disproved of like selfishness. One trait that is highly appreciated by the greeks in the Iliad is bravery. In battle Hector killed Achilles´s best friend Pactorlos in battle. In grief Achilles wants to fight Hector for what he did. Hector has two choices, either to fight Achilles or hide behind the walls of Troy. Hector exclainms doubtedly “What shall I do? If I retreat behind these walls, … And now that I have ruined them all by my rashness, I am ashamed to face the men and women of Troy, or some base fellows may say-Hector thought too much of his own strength, and ruined us all!” (Homer 257) “Either I shall kill him and return in triumph, or I shall die with honour
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Welcome everyone to this special day! Today we have gathered here to celebrate a famed hero… Hector! His amazing parents, King Priam and Queen Hecuba, bore and raised him in Troy, and Hector soon grew to be a strong warrior. He is downright strong, loyal, and unquestionably brave.
Traits of Hero Tom Hanks once said, “A hero is somebody walks voluntarily into the unknow” (Hanks). In Homer's “The Odyssey”, Odysseus displays he is a hero. In the story Odysseus goes on a ten year journey with obstacles and eventually makes his way home to be reunited with his family. Many of the obstacles have shaped Odysseus as a character for the better. On this 10 year journey throughout the story, Odysseus shoes responsibility, loyalty, and wisdom, which are all traits that makes him a hero, One of the traits that he demonstrates is responsibility with being a hero.
Immortality through Glory One of the most common tools writers use to put certain ideas into the spotlight is repetition. In Homer’s Greek epic, The Iliad, he applies the employment of repetition to the old horseman Nestor’s speeches. The context and tone of Nestor’s reiterated speeches serve as a window into Homer’s underlying message that in the context of war, glory is the key for men to gain some form of immortality.
However, some characters in the epic display many great qualities. In The Odyssey by Homer, loyalty, courage, and trickery are displayed throughout the book in a positive manner, showing that they are the Greek’s cultural values. First, loyalty is shown as a cultural
Achilles, the main character of Homer’s epic The Iliad evolved throughout the epic in many ways. The story helps Achilles development as a person. In the beginning of the epic we see Achilles with many flaws and by the end of the epic we see him move past from his flaws and see him overcome them.
One of the major themes of Homer’s, The Iliad, is gift giving. Gift giving in, The Iliad, represents three things which are power, Honor, Trust and they also show Reconciliation. Throughout several passages the exchange of gifts continues and they all represent the different themes of power, Honor, Trust and Reconciliation. Homer’s, The Iliad, explores the theme of Power through the underlying motive of gift-giving. The whole culture of Homer’s, The Iliad, is focused is all about a man’s, “honor”, through giving gifts to each other these men gain power over each other.
The poem does agree with Sarpedon that winning glory and honor is the greatest human achievement because regardless of what each character says they are fighting for, they are deep down really trying to obtain glory and honor. Throughout the poem the Iliad of homer there are several characters that are fighting for different reasons like vengeance, to protect their loved ones, or simply to gain honor through warfare, though each reason is different they all end up being about ones honor. Achilleus in the end of the poem is fighting to avenge Patroklos, who was killed by Hektor, so he goes on a rampage killing multitudes of Trojans in search for the prince of Troy, achieving a glory in the eyes of the Achaians. Hektor is fighting to protect
The Iliad is an epic about one incident in the Trojan War. Achilles responds by withdrawing from fighting and praying to Zeus to let the other side,Trojans,win for a while so that his own side will see how badly it needs him. Achilles now forgets his quarrel with Agamemnon and rushes back into battle as soon as new armor could have made for him and despite being warned twice that his punishment was death very soon or next after Hector. He kills Hector and then refuses to let his body be buried until Hector's aged father, King Priam of Troy, comes to Achilles at night and offers ransom. Achilles accepts and gives up the body for Priam to take back to Troy.
In “The Iliad” written by homer there are two powerful strong characters whom are Hector and Achilles. Hector and Achilles both are great fighters and are both looked at as almost God-like. The difference however is persona, attitude, and ego. Achilles might be stronger and more powerful, but Hector’s personality and state of mind is better than Achilles’. Achilles has a huge ego, has temper issues, and thinks that he is above all.
Greek values show how the Ancient Greek society, as a whole, would have strived to live. Greek culture is one of the most influential cultures of the ancient world because some Greek values are similar to the Western world. Most Greek values are found within the context of the legends of the Odyssey and the Iliad during the Dark Ages. Homer, the author of both the Odyssey and the Iliad, contributed into Greek culture by showing values in writing that Greeks thought of themselves. Three Greek values that are arguably the most important are a guest-host relationship, the treatment of the dead, and loyalty.
In the epic poem, the Illiad by Homer, Achilles is the most courageous character. For example, Achilles avenges his best friend Patroclus death by battling Hector for revenge. After Achilles is informed about Patroclus death he says, "if Hector does not feel my battering spear tear the life out of him, making him pay in his own blood for the slaughter of Patroclus!" (ln 28-30). His bravery shines through this act because he puts himself out there to avenge his friends death.
Iliad is recognized as one of the most famous ancient monuments of literature. The full understanding of this epic poem is hardly possible without thorough analysis of its main characters. Among all the episodes of the Trojan War, Homer chooses the moment of Achilles’ wrath and thus creates a poem in which he becomes the central figure. From the Ancient Greeks’ point of view, Achilles represents the ideal of manliness and pure heroism, for he is brave and fights for heroics, not profits. Today, one can agree with this interpretation, yet Achilles is probably the most controversial character because he combines various personality traits and acts in accordance with his ambiguous nature.
Homer writes, “…Send my body home, that the Trojans and their wives may give me my dues of fire when I am dead.” Though Hector pleads for his body to be preserved for a proper burial, Achilles feels as though he should rot and be torn apart instead. Homer writes, “…your mother shall never lay you out and make lament over the son she bore, but dogs and vultures shall eat you utterly up." Now Achilles is described to be a Hero in Greece and is praised by many others in his Army.