Thesis: The Chinese Exclusion Act. A document that was first signed in 1882 by President Chester A. Arthur. This was and still is important because it was the first law that restricted immigration into the United States. This document was signed because Congress was concerned about keeping white “racial purity,” even though the Chinese population consisted of only 0.002 (two thousandths) percent of the whole population. The Act was first signed in 1882, and carried on for ten more years. These ten years was followed by the Geary Act, which extended the act for another ten years. That means this event ended around the 1920’s. The conflict for Congress, in 1882, was that too many Chinese people were immigrating to America, and this was ruining …show more content…
From about 1870 - 1900, about 12,000 immigrants fled to the United States. They fled for a range of reasons. Some of these include social, economical, political, and social. The Chinese arrived around the time of the California Gold Rush. They arrived along the shores. The Chinese Exclusion Act was the first law to be in a series. This series consisted of the legislative branch, the executive branch, and the judicial branch of government. They had created policies that some considered racist. These policies excluded the Japanese and Filipinos, along with a wide range of nations from Asia, from immigrating. On May 6, 1882, the Exclusion Act was passed. It was the first law to restrict immigration to the United States. (Chinese Exclusion) It was passed by Congress, and signed by President A. Arthur. It was a ten year moratorium on Chinese labor immigration. In order to legally immigrate, citizens were required to have certification from the government to prove they were not laborers. The act defined the excludables as skilled and unskilled laborers and Chinese employed in mining. (Chinese
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The Amnesty Act of 1872. The act was a U.S federal law that removed voting restrictions. Ulysses S. Grant signed the act giving the Confederate
The Chinese immigrants, however, were not the only ones to receive such hate and discrimination. This eventually spread towards Japanese and many other groups of Asian immigrants. However, instead of banning them altogether, the government just segregated them under the San Francisco Segregation order in the year of 1906. However, the Japanese government got involved and spoke out against this treatment. As a result, this would lead to the compromise of the Gentlemen’s agreement.
Chinese Exclusion Act In light of the executive order enacted by Trump, immigrants from many Muslim countries in the Middle East are banned from coming to America. However, this act was short lived with the intervention of several states. This was not the first time America banned immigrants from entering. This was however, the shortest lived immigration ban, as there was the Chinese Exclusion act. The Chinese Exclusion act was enacted by President Arthur and was supported by many White Americans, including white immigrants from Ireland and other European countries.
Why was Chinese immigration restricted in 1882? In the years leading up to 1882, a great number of Chinese people immigrated to the U.S. and began working in jobs like building railroads and factory work. They were very attractive to employers because they were willing to work longer hours, for less pay than most Americans were. But in 1882, a law was passed to limit Chinese immigration.
Mexicans were first allowed in the United States in 1880, when they were used as workers to build the railroad between Mexico and the US (“Mexican Immigrant Labor History” paragraph 4). This was the start to hundreds of years of false hope and abuse toward Mexican workers from the United States government. The US government treated Mexican workers harshly and unfairly. The US only decided to allow Mexican workers to come into the country during the Bracero Programs. These programs were temporary agreements to allow Mexican laborers into the states to work until they were no longer needed.
Chapter six examines the anti-Chinese sentiment with the emerging class antagonism and turmoil between white capitalists and workers. The unwelcomed arrival of Chinese immigrants brought along their own social organizations such as the huiguan, fongs, and tongs. These types of social organizations secured areas of employment and housing for Chinese immigrants in California. This social structure that was unknown to Anglos led them to also categorize Chinese on the same level as Indians by depicting them as lustful heathens whom were out to taint innocent white women. These images were also perpetuated onto Chinese women, thus, also sexualizing them as all prostitutes.
Many miners passed through this community on their way to work the Gold Mines. The miners faced a reality filled with discrimination as the white miners resented their presence. When finding gold did not pan out, many Chinese immigrants moved on to building railroads, but because they were willing to work much cheaper than others they were often treated harshly for taking the jobs of whites who were trying to support their families but were not willing to work for the same pay. Economic difficulties were not the only reason that ethnic Chinese were looked down upon, the creation of ethnic enclaves including the largely populated China Town in San Francisco, created an image of the Chinese that conflicted with the American culture of the time. In these communities they kept much of their culture from China, they didn’t need to speak English and were isolated from other communities.
It allowed the Chinese that are students, teachers, merchants, or the ones that are proceeding to the United States to just want to look at the place. The Alien Contract Labor laws of 1885 made it unlawful to send aliens into the United States under contract. The only other exception are aliens who are temporarily in the United States getting married to other foreigners as secretaries, servants, or domestics; actors, artists, lecturers, and domestic servants and skilled workers working in a place that did not get established in the United States. “Increased the head tax to $4.00 (established by the Act of August 3, 1882 and raised subsequently).”
The Asian groups, mainly Chinese, were treated unequally with fewer salaries, restrictions on voting rights and the head tax of immigration which was announced on the Chinese Exclusion Act(1923) in order to prevent them from coming. Furthermore, The Immigrant Action(1910) even
The Civil Rights act of 1866 was also supposed to give newly freed African Americans most equal rights as whites. The other Civil Rights act (Civil Rights act of 1875) attempted to give African Americans equal accommodation rights, as well as trying to make racial profiling illegal and an arrestable crime. The Civil Rights acts made an attempt to give African Americans a lot of rights on par with whites. Lastly, the Bureau of Refugees was also created in order to aid the rights the African Americans now held. It was created in 1865 to aid slave and freeman migration from the South to the North.
People like foreigners and women were presented with challenges on their journey. In fact, in 1882 the campaign to restrict immigration created the federal Chinese Exclusion Act, which stopped the Chinese from migrating for 10 years. This prevented the Chinese from achieving the American Dream for that time period. Also, the government placed a tax on immigrant mining, charging them $500 a month, in this time (Maranzani). Women also had a difficult time during the Gold Rush.
One of this week’s readings focused on Ch. 5, “Caged Birds,” in Professor Lytle Hernandez’s book City of Inmates: Conquest, Rebellion, and the Rise of Human Caging in Los Angeles, 1771-1965, and this chapter was particularly interesting because it further explained the development of immigration control in the United States. As a continuation from the last chapter, there was a huge emphasis in the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 and the Geary Act of 1892. This essentially prohibited Chinese laborers from immigrating to the United States, as well as eventually requiring these people to comply with regulations. “Caged Birds” encapsulates the events afterwards, as the book heads well into the early-1900’s. The disenfranchisement of immigrants develops towards further exclusivity because “[by] 1917, Congress had banned all Asian immigration to the Unites States and also categorically prohibited all prostitutes, convicts, anarchists, epileptics, ‘lunatics,’ ‘