Uncompromising differences between the South (Confederacy) and the North (Union) created a civil war that lasted five years. During this war, Abraham Lincoln was president. His election led to the secession of many Southern states. After refusing to recognize the Confederacy as its own nation, the American Civil War commenced in 1861. The three main causes of the Civil War between the North and the South were industrial and agricultural economies, politics, and slavery.
One of the darkest chapters in American history is the Civil War. Lasting from 1861-1865 and responsible for over 620,000 deaths, the “War Between the States” was fought over state’s rights and slavery. Shortly after the election of Abraham Lincoln, who opposed slavery, seven southern states succeeded from the Union and formed the Confederate States of America. On April 12, 1861, the Confederates attacked Ft. Sumter, which was held by the federal government.
For instance, one important social change that took place was the change of life for African Americans. In 1776, African Americans were enslaved workers with no rights who worked long and hard often on a plantation. They were harshly punished and in numerous cases they were sold and separated from their family. Many whites didn’t considered enslaved African Americans citizens but rather “possessions”. However, by 1870, African Americans gained citizenship and the right to vote.
The problem started when farms started producing more tobacco and, families did not bear enough children to work on these growing farms. Indians were out of the equation since they died out from disease. At this time, African
In America in 1968, the civil rights movement was at its very height. For years, African Americans had struggled to get equal rights as Americans and with the civil rights movement and activist trying to make a change by protesting and rioting to end the racial segregation. At the time, several segregation was put in place to divide the people of colour and white Americans. The Jim Crows Law a state and local law put in place in 1890 by the government in southern states; this law had a huge disadvantage to the African Americans as it had impact to their education and how they were treated in society.
After the Civil War, the federal government began a program known as reconstruction. Reconstruction refers to the period following the Civil War of rebuilding the United States. During and after this period, blacks made substantial gains in their political power and many were able to move from abject poverty to land ownership. Although African American were freed by the end of the Civil War, they were not directly given legal and political rights under President Andrew Johnson. Throughout the first years of reconstruction, blacks formed equal rights Leagues in the South to demand equality under the law, including the right to vote, and to fight oppressive black codes laws that restricted the lives of newly freed African Americans in numerous
Since the implementation of the Reconstruction Act in 1877, changes have been made in the southern area. Southern Republicans led the reigns of the territory. Though the government faced a lot of challenges the major thing that the territory accomplished is the establishment of state-supported schools, which serviced not only the whites but the black children as well. The government engineered civil rights legislation and promoted the Southern economy. Again, this was a classic example of how Reconstruction worked pretty much well in the South although there were still some oppositions from the South’s traditional
The Civil War is characterized as the bloodiest war in American History. From 1861 to 1865, the North and South fought over several of disagreements and encounters. The Civil War caused hundreds and thousands of men to lose their life, about 620,000 soldiers had died. The Civil War was fought in Pennsylvania, Texas, New Mexico, and Florida. Civil War began because the North wanted to abolish slavery, the South seceded from the Union, and the North overpowered the South.
Sharecropping was similar to slavery because the freedman grew cotton for their masters and earned no money because they owed their masters to much for the clothes and tools they needed. Even though they were making money from their crops, they were in debt to their former masters their whole lives so the sharecroppers could never move. This decreased the grade dramatically. Also, the Black Codes and Jim Crow laws are another example of how the South went back to the way it was. Another example was the Black Codes.
Economically wise, we cannot see any slave filling up their very own pockets with money other than the plantation owner or their own owners. During this period we start to see gender roles take place in the slave’s work duties. Men and Women worked in fields almost equally picking cotton and other grains in various parts of the south. Many even built roads to allow the transportation of goods to reach one place to the other.
The role and power of Women increased drastically in the society post- Civil War era. The American society as a whole changed significantly with this Civil War. Civil War changed the centuries old uprooted institutions. It changed the politics of people and transformed the social life of half the country (Twain,
As America progressed during 1865 to 1932, African Americans have experienced a variety of American liberty. There were many hurdles African Americans had to overcome before they reached any type of freedom. The first challenge they had to overcome was that they were slaves and considered to be property, not a person. Once this was outlawed, they had to overcome the discrimination from the government and other Americans. They finally achieved some of the benefits of American freedom by being able to vote, work in industrial jobs, and express themselves through art.
Approximately three Southern states change their approach on forced labor without compensation, African American slaves would work for an amount of cash that was, generally, given to the masters of the slaves; However, some of these African American were freed and, therefore, kept all the earnings. In the mid 1800’s southern states, slavery was progressively headed towards salary base employment which would boost the states economically. Furthermore, Northern states were already using such economic structure to boost labor in the industrial region, which led to divide the country into sectors of specialized commodities. Southern state were no longer the only major contributor of economic growth, the Northern states were in large in foreign demands for cotton in the years of 1815-1843 as industries boomed in
The American Civil War was the war that ended slavery. The civil war was known as one of the bloodiest and deadliest conflicts the United States had ever seen. The loss of life was an estimated amount of 620,000 men. It lasted four years, from April 12, 1861, through May 9, 1865. However, while slavery was a major cause of the American Civil War, there were several other major factors.
.The Civil War changed the country in many ways. Thousands of men on both sides died during the Civil War. “The Union Army lost 352, 528 men and the Confederate Army lost 258,000 men” (Doc F). Innovative ways to fight came about during the Civil War.