Each artistic style can be influenced by the previous period of time or the artist’s personal preferences. There are also many similar themes of athletic sculptures that were made in the different periods. In order to understand the similarities and differences in artistic styles and the meaning behind the sculptures, it is helpful to compare works of two periods, the Greek Hellenistic period and the early Italian Renaissance. The two sculptures are Seated Boxer from the Greek Hellenistic period and David by Donatello from the early Italian Renaissance. The meaning behind each sculpture is somewhat different. One reflects Greek idealism while the other one reflects a symbol of civic pride
The ultimate purpose of the art object until the Hellenistic period is to be a figure of human perfection and the Ideal, most commonly in the form of a ruler or a deity via body politics. Anatomy and physiology of the statue or relief is often used to further the pancultural concepts of the Ideal as opposed to the physical representation of a specific, imperfect person. The conept itself speaks volumes about the culture from which it originates, and what that culture valued most of its people and of their lives. However, as the centuries thundered by and civilizations rose and fell, there is a clear shift in the artist’s attitude towards his or her art, and the artist begins to wean away from an aesthetic realm of perfection to the portrayal of a specific
The modern American culture is fascinated by the Ancient Egyptians and their style of art. It is displayed in music videos, architecture, fashion, and so on. People love it. Part of what makes Egyptian culture so enticing is the works of art that archeologists have found over the years. Two examples of those works of art include Menkaure and His Wife and Akhenaten. Though they appear to be drastically different, they have some similarities upon further inspection.
The Tlatilco female figurine (1200-900 B.C.E.) is a ceramic sculpture created in Central Mexico at the site of Tlatilco. The 9.5 cm tall sculpture depicts a woman with two faces exhibiting an intricate hairstyle, a slim waist, and large thighs. The sculptor of the Tlatilco female figurine is unknown, but one can conclude that the artist was from the people of the Tlatilco culture. The people of the Tlatilco culture lived in the Valley of Mexico, where they created many small clay figures, but sculpted them by hand rather than using a mold. The figurine is currently residing at the Princeton University Art Museum. In Tlatilco female figurine, the artist uses visual elements and principles to draw attention to the face and the hairstyle.
The art work I picked is, King Neferhotep, Middle Kingdom, Dynasty 13, 1750 BC, Abydos. He was the King from Ancient Egypt he was known for having divine natures, so many though he was related to gods. It was evaluated by the Ancient Egyptians, that the king was the son of a god, therefore the king had divine natures. The duty of a god was to maintain the universe under control. He had about three roles as a king: being like a priest, being commander, and being supreme justice. The Ancient Egypt rituals were all passed by him, fortunately he had the help of assistants and advisors. If any female would be in the same position, as being divine, she would become king. From what I’ve learned they would use the same clothing as a male king.
21. a) 250-375 CE. b) there are classical aspects like the detail in anatomy as shown on his face. The toga is also detailed with folds visible. c) it shows class and respect for Jesus by the Romans. 22. a) there is an understated nudity and detail in anatomy. b) it indicates the period
The Kelsey Museum Augustus, First Emperor of Rome, is similar and different to many Roman art pieces. The first very obvious style that can be seen is the Augustan period approach, the Augustus of Primaporta statue from Italy, marble copy, from early first century is a great example of this approach. They both have the same exact straight hair strand placement, face shape, and youthful idealized face. Augustus uses the same style throughout all his statues and reliefs, where his forehead is very wide and longer than his chin area. Unlike the prior Republican period style, the Augustan period rejects the veristic style, which is the very extreme expression of oldness. Instead, he uses Classical Greek art features, where the idealized youthful
The Renaissance era was the period immediately following the Middle Ages in Europe that involved the great revival of interests in the classical learning and values of ancient Greece and Rome. During the early Renaissance era, there was art. Art from the Renaissance period emphasized values from the Greek and roman cultures with creating the nude as an ideal figure, in order to somewhat capture the natural representation some ideals from classical Greek based on balance and proportion. Three renaissance works that demonstrate these influences are done by Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, and Michelangelo.
Political figures in art has always been an important part of our history, culture and artistic representation, Roman and Byzantine art is a classic case of these representations. The Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius and Justinian as World Conqueror are two examples that demonstrate the power and prestige of these political authorities. First, Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius from the Roman, Italy (173-176 CE) measures 11’6” high, cast in bronze. Secondly, Justinian as World conqueror from Byzantium period measures 13” x 11” entire panel, center panel 7” x 5” and 1” deep. The creator of the equestrian statue is unknown, however, the creator of Justinian’s ivory relief was probably made by the imperial work of Constantinople. The Equestrian Statue of Marcus Aurelius and Justinian as World Conqueror both depict the power, prestige and clemency of a political figures. Yet, both are distinct in their artistic representation which I’ll discuss below.
It is not unusual for two artists to depict the same picture, moment, or person in their works. Often times, it can be quite interesting to see the similarities and differences between them. An example of this is the sculpture of David, created by both Michelangelo and Donatello. Through studying both of these pieces, it is clear that Donatello’s David was historically correct, and that Michelangelo’s David was a beautiful masterpiece.
The two statues of art representing the Hellenistic and the Classical Style are extraordinary. The Classical Style statue, Discobolus, is one of the most famous statues of the ancient world because it shows such a prominent picture of the model athlete. The statue representing the Hellenistic Style, The Farnese Hercules, is famous as well because it exemplifies the mythic hero, specifically Hercules. These two statues of art by Myron and Glykon have similarities and differences, with each being sculpted in its own way and purpose.
David is a topic from the Old Testament, which is widely repeated and done by many artists. David is a story where it shows that not only does strength wins in a battle but also wits. Each artist depicts David in different views and moments, like Michelangelo who is an Italian sculptor painter, architect, and poet of the High Renaissance, another is Gian Lorenzo Bernini who is an Italian architect and sculptor, and he was credited with creating the Baroque style of sculpture. Although both artists depicted David, but each one had different style where Bernini’s is more expressive then Michelangelo’s.
Bust of Marcus Aurelius 161-180 AD made of marble. Capitoline Brutus, 300 BCE made of bronze. The theme shared is Imperial theme Heroism. Both art works honor important Roman people, from different social backgrounds, who were honored for their bravery. Bust of Marcus Aurelius gives off a graceful appearance while the eyes show vigor. The bust depicts Marcus Aurelius as the perfect rule, the “philosopher king”. He wears a cuirass (military tunic and cloak). Capitoline Brutus gives off a serious business-like expression that makes you believe it is an honorary sculpture. Bust of Marcus Aurelius displays a more standard Roman sculpture and his face has softer details. Capitoline Brutus had the characteristics of Italic and Greek sculpture styles
The two concepts, idealism and realism merge together to form the concept of idealistic-realism. Idealism in art, is the poetization and spirituatualzation of a theme, belief and ethos, realism on the other hand is the act of recreating any scene, object or action in the form art. The concept of idealism at a deeper glance is the comprehension of the idea or ideal created by the artist, and was the foundation of all great Greek and Renaissance art. Augustus of Prime Porta is a great example of the peaceful co-existence of idealism and realism, since the sculpture is ideal and conceptual in its composition and realistic in its execution.
The statue is very typical of the style and portrays a naked man taking one step forward with his arms held stiffly beside his body and his fists clenched with his thumbs pointed forward. The face is more rounded and more proportional than in earlier Daedalic sculptures, but still remains an unnatural representation of the human body. Kroisos has the “Archaic Smile” that was typical of the period which portrayed that he was alive. This is very different from the later periods as it is a very unnatural and imperfect representation of the human