Communist Manifesto Essay

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The Communist Manifesto is a political pamphlet written by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in 1848 to declare the arguments and platform of the Communists. It consists of a preamble and four sections, which are Bourgeois and Proletarians, Proletarians and Communists, Socialist and Communist Literature, and Position of the Communists in Relation to the Various Existing Opposition Parties. In the first section of the Manifesto, “Bourgeois and Proletarians”, the authors address class antagonism. He asserts, "The history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles.” In the writers’ epoch, there were two great classes adverse to each other: Bourgeoisie and Proletariat. The bourgeoisie rose with the development of Modern Industry and gained political authority. They shaped a society that served to maximize their interests, and to survive in the society, every man must prioritize his self-interest. However, for the society to last, the bourgeoisie must constantly revolutionize “the instruments of production,…the relations of production, and with …show more content…

Marx argues that each approach fails because it misses out on a key component of Communist theory. The Reactionaries fail to realize that the inevitability of the bourgeoisie's rise, and of their eventual fall at the hands of the proletariat. The Conservative Socialists, similarly, fail to see the inevitability of class antagonism, and of the destruction of the bourgeoisie. The Critical-Utopian Socialists fail to understand that social change must occur in revolutions, and not by pure dreaming or words. While the degree of reproach toward rival perspectives varies, all are dismissed for advocating reformism and failing to recognise the pre-eminent revolutionary role of the working

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