Compare And Contrast Buddhism And Christianity

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Research Paper

Compare and contrast Buddhism and Christianity.

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Buddhism and Christianity at first both seem as different as night and day.
While Buddhism is considered as a non-theistic religion, meaning it does not acknowledge an all-powerful God, Christianity is a monotheistic religion and is based on the belief of a God and in Jesus Christ who is God’s Son.

On closer inspection, however, it is possible to find some close similarities between these two major world religions.
Christianity is centred on Jesus of Nazareth who is the Messiah, Christ or Anointed One. Buddhism
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Buddhism is also considered a world religion with approximately 488 million Buddhists in the world, which is about 7 percent of the world’s population. Though both Buddhism and Christianity are two very different religions, they can be compared on their origins and founders, teachings/doctrines, sacred texts, divisions, rituals and practices.

Origins of Buddhism and Christianity

Christianity and Buddhism originated in different parts of the world and at different moments in history. The founder of Buddhism was Siddhartha Gautama, who was born around 563 B.C.E. in Lumbini Grove located in Nepal, northern India. (Robinson & Rodrigues, 2006, pg. 186)

Christianity’s founder, Jesus Christ, was born in 6 B.C. in Bethlehem, a town located in southern Palestine. (Robinson & Rodrigues, 2006, pg. 85)

Christianity was promoted 300 after its founding by the Roman Emperor Constantine. Buddhism was propagated 300 years following the Buddha’s death by the Indian Emperor Ashoka.

A comparison of the lives of Jesus and the
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For instance, Jesus taught about the importance of gaining spiritual treasures in heaven, rather than gathering material wealth on earth which is temporary (Fisher, 2008, pg.302). Similarly, the Buddha taught the importance of letting go of our desires and cravings of the world in order to attain nirvana, or freedom from suffering (Matthews, 2010, pg. 111).
Both Jesus and the Buddha taught about having consideration for others. They both promoted non-violence, to love your enemies, and to not hate others.

The main goals of Christianity is to love God, to abide by The Ten Commandments, to honour Jesus Christ and follow his teachings, and to teach others about the Gospels. The ultimate goal of Christians is to become children of God and to attain everlasting life.

The main goal of Buddhism is to attain nirvana, which is an end to craving, suffering, and the cycle of death and rebirth (Fisher, 2008, pg. 146).

According to Christianity, mankind inherited “original sin” from Adam and Eve when they disobeyed God and were expelled from Eden.
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