INTRODUCTION In the Monroe Doctrine: Empire and Nation in Nineteenth-Century America, Jay Sexton looked at an important piece of work written by James Monroe, which still plays an important role on American Diplomacy even unto the 20th Century. The major message of the Monroe doctrine shows United States’ insecurities and their passion. It shows their doubt of Great Britain and feared to be recolonized by that great nation, and the expansionist of United States’ ambition in having political independence through the unity of the nation. This doctrine reflects how foreign affairs could affect a nation greatly through internal conflicts and externally threats from greater nations. SUMMARY The Monroe Doctrine represents the mindset of the Americans
In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was written as a way to rally colonists on the side of the patriots. It listed criticism to inform colonists how the Empire was hurting them, it also played on the emotions of the colonists. During the time, Congress wanted a total break with England, they would no longer be part of the British Empire. The Declaration was also made for the “World”, but for the time the world meant France. The colonies knew they would need France’s help to fight the British, who at the time had the strongest navy in the world.
In Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation, Joseph Ellis, Professor at the University of Massachusetts, Ellis explores many events and problems faced by the Founding Fathers as the United States seeks a new form of government. Ellis quotes Tom Paine, an English-born political philosopher, by saying “claimed that it was simply a matter of common sense that an island could not rule a continent”(Ellis, 3). Principles were at stake while the country was at a constant state of war with other countries, including the mother country England. Ellis paints many mental pictures of the American revolutionaries and their troubled hardships while maintaining balanced decisions on quite decisive events that were later to be shaping the ideas of politics and those around it from following states to
He always had the people in mind. At the time of the revolution, the main way to get across viewpoints was the medium of pamphlets (source 4). Paine wrote Common Sense, which influenced the views of many colonialists (source 7). The pamphlet was written for the average person to understand the impact Britain was having on them and made them want to fight for independence (source 7). Paine was clever in using anger in his pamphlet, which was the natural emotion of the mob of America to get them to rally up and fight (source 3).
Though the causes of the American Revolution are complex, numerous, and intertwined, early-eighteenth-century English radicals played a large role through their influential essays. In “Cato’s Letters, No. 17,” John Trenchard (1721) analyzed and criticized the power-hungry English court, while Henry St. John Bolingbroke (1738)’s “The Idea of a Patriot King” supported the duties of men to a free government in relation to the conditions of Great Britain. Furthermore, these radical essays have their roots in the Puritan values of hard work, self-determination, and God-mandated laws. By believing that God alone willed the success of the colonies, the Puritans detached themselves from British aid and control.
Thomas Paine gives three reasons in his text “Common Sense” (1776) as to why the colonists should take up their arms against Great Britain. First, Britain’s enemies are our enemies. Secondly, Britain will only leave the future generations with debt. Lastly, the British rule has tyrannized the colonies for too long. One reason Paine gives the colonies to take up arms again Britain is because America would not have any enemies.
HISTORY ASSESSMENT TASK 1 - INVESTIGATING THE PAST CHOSEN INDIVIDUAL: Alexander Hamilton Alexander Hamilton was an incredibly intelligent and significant individual in America’s, and the world’s, history. Hamilton was one of America’s Founding Fathers and also features on the American ten dollar note. Alexander Hamilton became a Lieutenant Colonel and George Washington’s aide-de-camp in the Revolutionary War and helped lead America to victory. George Washington was impressed by Hamilton’s intelligence and courage, so he promoted him to be his assistant during the Revolutionary War which started on the 19th April 1775. Alexander Hamilton was not satisfied, and constantly asked if he could have a troop to command and lead, although Washington would always respond with “no.” Later on, Washington eventually allowed Hamilton to be trusted with orders and commands, such as in the battle of Yorktown where he was given permission to lead an attack, and eventually force the British to surrender.
Parmentier WOSSE 18-003 INSURGENCY The Revolutionary war was a catalyst to bring a nation together and introduce insurgency and guerilla tactics to help beat a more formidable opponent. Insurgency tactics used by the militia brought the British Army to a point of shame, by disrupting and wearing down the fighting spirit of the British. We will look at the first insurgency and how militiamen, made of farmers and tradesmen, used insurgency, and guerilla tactics, to wear down the British army and help the Colonial army, win the war. Phase one- Survival: The building phase was completed at this point from wars fought in previous years. Many had fought in the French and Indian War where they learned how to fight and use guerrilla tactics.
In one case, critics said, “Mccarthy was stoking fear and smearing anyone in his path- Democrats or fellow republicans- purely to grab at power” (Roberts). Not only was he causing fear to all but his intentions toward the political aspect were cruel just to gain power. Similarly, readers will observe in the crucible how Parris only does what's best for him in order to be able to keep his power. For example, he states “ I have fought three long years to bend these stiff necked people to me, and now,just nowwhen some good respect is rising for me in the arish . yo compromise my very character”(1104).
Are all the threats faced by the world real or just an exercise of power as thought control? People fear chaos and the “nature state” hence enter a social contract. Similarly, when ideologies stop assisting in solving issues faced by people, leading to chaos, power through terror is utilised to strengthen the social fabric and prevent the breakdown of society by determining their needs and wants. Hence, when Qutb experienced the American society he became disillusioned with it and worked on ideas that would maintain a cohesive society. Likewise, Leo Strauss grew vary of Liberalism and believed that it would lead to its own destruction.