John Winthrop is known for founding and leading of the Massachusetts Bay colony in new England. Before going abroad to the “new world”, “John Winthrop had practiced law in and nearby areas around London prior to his affiliation with the trading organization called the Massachusetts Bay Company. ”He struggled with the decision to abandon his home. Winthrop was very aware of the hardships that had claimed the lives of half the pilgrims 10 years earlier, who had settled in Plymouth. As a strict Puritan in the first governor of Massachusetts Bay colony, John Winthrop believed that they could establish a pure church in new England for the Puritans.
Religion among the colonies was now becoming less denominational. Attendance at the Church’s were already low; but with the new aspire of personal Religion, the numbers than dropped dramatically. Another name for an Orthodox Clergymen back then, were “old lights.” These “old lights”, disapproved and despised of personal spirituality and refused to take part of it. Many members of Presbyterian denominations packed their bags and went in search of smaller places.
When the Jews were faced with the horrible occurrences from the Holocaust, their thoughts about God changed. This insinuates one thing. People’s thoughts concerning religion change with faced with difficult circumstances. The Jews started out being completely devoted to God.
Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once said, “Faith is taking the first step even when you don’t see the whole staircase.” Having faith in a higher archy is a prelevant theme in the memoir Night by Elie Wiesel. Set during the Holocaust, a time of extermination of the Jews, Wiesel’s faith in his god wavers as he describes the situations he endures. One will notice as Wiesel’s faith decreases his identity goes downhill. Although, changing views in religion can affect more than just one’s identity, Wiesel explains his faith in god has a huge impact on his personality to prove one’s religious aspects can affect the way they choose to live their life.
As a young Jewish boy he is devoted to his faith in the beginning, and the degree in which he studies religion is considerably more than many other boys. When questioned by a friend, “Why do you pray?” he thinks to himself “Why did I live? Why did I breathe?” (Wiesel 4).
The film “Gentleman’s Agreement” portrays Jews as second class citizens during a time period in America where bigotry is prevalent and the harsh discrimination against Jews has lessened their own pride and dignity while no one stands up for them. A surprising theme illustrated throughout the film was how the Jews themselves had a lack of respect or pride for themselves, such as when Professor Fred Lieberman wondered, “why the Jews among them still go on calling themselves Jews”. This passage is one of many showing how the Jews in this film have been mentally beaten down through hatred and racism, leaving many with less pride and dignity. Another good example of this is when Phil tells his Jewish friend Dave Goldberg that he’s pretending to be a Jew for his paper and Dave responds “Why, you crazy fool!”.
Faith is a significant part of one’s daily life. Everyone endures moments in their life in which situations challenge one’s religious beliefs. In Elie Wiesel’s short novel he bears an immense amount of hardships throughout the Holocaust that test his religious faith. As a young adult, Elie was just beginning to venture into his religious beliefs discovering his personal values and faith; but as he began that journey the German soldiers infiltrated his village. His whole village was soon transported to Auschwitz and divided up between camps.
The guest speaker at the Illinois Holocaust Museum posed an unanswerable question to the dozen Chabad eighth-grade boys sitting in front of him. Mitchell Winthrop, 88 years of age, a survivor of the Auschwitz and Mauthausen Nazi concentration camps, had been raised in a secular Jewish home in Lodz, Poland. Why had he, he asked the boys—someone who hadn’t even had a bar mitzvah—been chosen to survive the Holocaust and not his pious, white-bearded grandfather? His question was meant to provoke thought, but it also spurred the graduating class of Chicago’s Seymour J. Abrams Cheder Lubavitch Hebrew Day School into action.
Mark Bakers novel the “Fiftieth Gate” conducts the collaboration of collective knowledge and personal accounts. This text effectively articulates and challenges the need for change in facts with the addition of personal accounts in order to educate the audience about the events of the holocaust. Baker’s deliberate utilisation of numerous perspectives within the text, different recollections and philosophies display the importance of both accounts and recollection in relation to the understanding of events. Reminiscently Baker’s specific inclusion of the italicised transcript “I use to play there on the hills with the sleighs.. That’s where they gathered the Jews..
Samuel Adams was born in Boston on September 27, 1722. He grew up in a wealthy home and had eleven siblings. Unfortunately, only two of them made it until their third birthdays. Both of Samuel's parents were strong puritans. His mom supported Calvinism and his dad was a deacon of the Congregational Church.
Doctor Irving Greenberg, a Modern Orthodox rabbi contemplates the question of whether it makes sense to believe in God after the Holocaust in his Cloud of Smoke, Pillar Fire” (1977). Considering the nature of the Holocaust as a historical transforming event and its substantial death toll, that is taking the lives of six million Jewish, several postulations surrounding the subject of God after the Holocaust have emerged, such as the works of Richard Rubenstein, Eliezer Berkovits, and Hans Jonas to name a few. Greenberg’s work explores that when considering the horrible nature of the Holocaust, it may be fallacious to believe in God and moreover disrespectful to its victims. However, despite of this, there are still moments in which God is present,
The Holocaust-related plays, movies and books that have been read and watched thus far in the semester have left us, the students, with more questions than answers. By depicting the events as accurately as these playwrights and filmmakers have, the reader/viewer is then able to understand, in detail, the horrific acts of torture that the victims had to endure. With an accurate picture of the events of the Holocaust in their mind, the reader/viewer then can start to question how can a human being can commit such horrific acts of cruelty upon their fellow man or how a divine entity can allow something so terrible happen to the people that believe in them the most; questions with virtually impossible answers. For instance, in Amen, the filmmaker focuses on the unwillingness of Pope Pius XII to speak out against Hitler and the Third Reich even though several reputable individuals made him aware of the extermination and the forced labor that the Jewish people had to experience.
The memoir “Night”, by Elie Wiesel provides insight into the terrors of the holocaust, a genocide of the jewish race and is described as “A slim volume of terrifying power” by the New York Times. One of the most important aspect of “Night” that differentes it from other World War II novels and causes it to receive such praise and acclaim is its ability to pull readers in and cause the readers to empathize with the characters in the book. One of the methods by which Wiesel achieves this is through his use of themes, such as the theme of loss of faith in god. Wiesel incorporates the theme of loss of faith in God in order to allow readers to empathize with the traumatic experiences of holocaust survivors. One such example of this is the apparent