After reading both The Epic of Gilgamesh and the Genesis, I found that both stories have excellent elements that tie into the support and breakdown of human community and social norms. Two characters that I found who demonstrated such qualities in both stories would be Enkidu from The Epic of Gilgamesh and Cain from the Genesis: Part 4. Starting off with Enkidu, we read in the epic that he was forged by the goddess Arura as a response to the cruel tyranny and oppression that Gilgamesh administered to the people of Uruk. Thus, it was from the command of Anu and the pleas of the people that this goddess crafted an equal to the two-third divine Gilgamesh. When this equal to Gilgamesh (Enkidu) was born, he was placed in the plains where he soon …show more content…
As such, Enkidu started off in the epic being an individual who could not be considered a member of any type of human community because he lacked any human sense or reasoning at the start of his life. This conclusion is supported by how The Epic of Gilgamesh stated, "He (Enkidu) dressed as the animals do. He fed on the grass with gazelles, with beasts he jostled at the water hole, with wildlife he drank his fill of water." Thus, with Enkidu starting as the complete opposite of respectable member of human society and community, how exactly did he become the individual who corrected Gilgamesh's tyranny? Well, the epic explains this to us by showing us how Enkidu's own animalistic actions had spurned and hampered a hunter who eventually sought help from the harlot Shamhat. It is through Shamhat, as a prostitute, that the readers of this story notice a large eroticism theme in this epic. Anyway, once Shamhat had intercourse with Enkidu, Enkidu found that his community of beasts had rejected him and his animalistic abilities had been reduced. However, in return for these losses, the epic informs us that Enkidu had gained the power of human reason and understanding, which would help him integrate into a new community, a …show more content…
Additionally, the moments in the epic where Enkidu learns to wear clothing and eat bread also demonstrate his slow but progressive integration into human society and community as well. His best display of support for community bonds was undoubtedly when he heard of Gilgamesh's policy of the first night. This policy is shown here in The Epic of Gilgamesh with how, "He (Gilgamesh) mates with the lawful wife, he first, the groom after. By divine decree pronounced, from the cutting of his umbilical cord, she is his due." When Enkidu learns this policy, his newly obtained reason and sense of community is outraged at the tyranny of Gilgamesh, and thus Enkidu serves his purpose of being the protector of the people, a social justice hero, by preventing Gilgamesh from having the bride's first night as shown in the epic story. From here on, Enkidu will continue to develop as a member of the human community, with his watching over of Gilgamesh being an action that Ninsun (Gilgamesh's goddess mother) and the elders of Uruk appreciate immensely. Furthermore, their slaying of Humbaba and the Bull of Heaven also demonstrated Enkidu's heroism and pursuit to protect the community that sheltered, taught, and loved him. While in his last moments, we can feel the impact that human community had on Enkidu,
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As can be seen above by the quote, it can be concluded that Gilgamesh has developed a sense of love and respect for Enkidu, and hopefully for other human beings as well. When Enkidu dies, Gilgamesh goes into a state of not only depression, but also confusion because of the loss of his loved
Antigone and Gilgamesh eventually confront the repercussions of their acts, which result in personal tragedy as well as a wider disruption of societal order. His tyranny and repressive behavior cause the people of Uruk to suffer, forcing them to cry out for help. Disturbed by Gilgamesh's pride, the gods decide to interfere by creating Enkidu as a counterweight to Gilgamesh. " To the one who survives [the gods] leave grieving; the dream leaves sorrow to the one who survives" (Gilga; L.75) After Gilgamesh loses Enkidu, he grieves and later becomes humble.
In the epic, within which many episodes are interlinked, depicts an image of a kind who underwent development and tends to understand the world where he was living. Within the version of the Babylonian, hero Gilgamesh 's character is best compared to Achilles. While comparing the characters of Achilles and Gilgamesh, he (Gilgamesh) changed and his nature was affected duet the presence and absence (loss) of Enid his comrade, thus the nature of Enkidu was static. Achilles ' nature and character followed the same pattern as that of Gilgamesh as he was also influenced by the presence and loss of Patroclus his comrade.
The gods punish the two heroes by ending Enkidu’s life and leave Gilgamesh behind. After twelve days of suffering, he dies in a slow, inglorious death (62). Enkidu represents the wildness in humanity. After his journey with Gilgamesh, he becomes civilized, more mature and closer to humanity. Enkidu was afraid of confronting Humbaba, but because of their friendship he overcomes his fear (29).
Every human being needs someone by their side to support or counsel them throughout their lifetime on earth. This type of support usually starts at home with their relatives such as mother, father, etc... since they are much older, they tend to have a certain experience that kids have not been to able experience, but eventually, they will have to their home and make friends with other people that are relatives. Those friends are here sometimes to warn you about certain things that you shouldn’t do or a certain place that you shouldn’t go because based on their experiences they already know that there will be consequences. In the epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu was an important character, being Gilgamesh's ideal friend on his journey of self-discovery
After six days with the harlot, Enkidu realizes he lost his strength. The harlot gets him to join civilization, so he becomes a normal human. He is treated like a royal until Gilgamesh defeats him in battle. After that Gilgamesh and Enkidu become friends and fight in battles together until Enkidu suddenly dies. Gilgamesh does not want the same fate, so he goes looking for eternal life but dies anyway.
The protagonist’s core values altered exponentially from arrogance to despair to realism. These three phases played an essential role in reaching the virtues of wisdom and ultimate happiness. Gilgamesh was a tyrant ruler who primarily sought his desires. However, the gods led him towards Enkidu, where the notion of friendship and the power of companionship exhibited a significant development to influence his course of action in the epic. After Enkidu dreamed about the underworld underlining the weakness of man in front of destiny and his eventual death, Gilgamesh went through a phase of despair and contemplation over death.
Even without Enkidu by his side, Gilgamesh now has the confidence to make these questionable decisions. Overall, Enkidu has made a great contribution to the character development of Gilgamesh. Although he may be contradicting himself a little, Gilgamesh is aware of his own strength and power. Knowing he is superior to many other humans and gods may also explain his optimism about the dangerous journey. Gilgamesh may be thinking that with his abilities it will be easy, despite what others try to tell him.
He is the fiercest of warriors and the most ambitious of builders. The Gilgamesh of the epic is an awe-inspiring, sparkling hero, but at first also the epitome of a bad ruler: arrogant, oppressive, and brutal. He lorded over his subjects, raping any woman who struck his fancy, whether she was the wife of one of his warriors or the daughter of a nobleman. The people of Uruk complained to the Sumerian gods about Gilgamesh’s overbearing behavior, and so the gods created the wild man Enkidu to confront Gilgamesh. Enkidu is created initially to challenge Gilgamesh and create a safer environment for the people of Uruk.
Enkidu's caution was also shown through his description of the Humbaba: "When he roars it is like the torrent of the storm, his breath is like fire, and his jaws are death itself." (pg 17) By attempting to scare Gilgamesh, this showed Enkidu's concern for him. However, despite Enkidu’s fear of the Humbaba, Enkidu choose to trust Gilgamesh and eventually helped slay the Humbaba with Gilgamesh. Furthermore, Enkidu’s archetypal role of the sidekick
People of Uruk suffered from tyranny and were brutally oppressed. They complained to Aruru, the goddess of creation, that she must make someone stronger than Gilgamesh. Aruru listened and made Enkidu. Enkidu was made of clay and Aruru’s saliva, and had nearly equal power as Gilgamesh. Hairy and brawny, Enkidu lived with animals in the wilderness.
Enkidu is forced into civilization after being disowned by nature for sleeping with Shamhat. We see him transformed from a wild beast into a civilized person. As we follow Enkidu’s transformation, we see how he changes for the better, but also experiences some downfalls. The transition was not smooth, it took time to fully adjust, and although there are many disadvantages of leaving the hunter-gatherer lifestyle, the benefits made it worthwhile. Through Enkidu’s exposure to Gilgamesh, he changes from a human that lives among nature, to this great warrior that is willing to kill beasts for no other reason, but glory.
Ishtar set the Bull of Heaven loose on Uruk as a punishment, but thanks to the keen intuition of Enkidu, Gilgamesh was able to kill the bull. While Enkidu had not been physically hurt by his experiences with Gilgamesh, the worst was still ahead. The gods took counsel together and concluded that Enkidu must die to pay for the deaths of Humbaba and the Bull of Heaven. Enkidu cursed those who caused his life in the wild to be ruined. First he cursed the trapper and wished that all his quarry escape him.
An old literary work called The Epic of Gilgamesh narrates the tale of Gilgamesh, a legendary monarch who reigned over the city-state of Uruk in Mesopotamia (present-day Iraq) in 2700 BCE. The epic is notable for its examination of issues that are still important today, such as the search for meaning and the nature of mortality, and is often regarded as one of the first works of literature. The epic is divided into twelve tablets, each of which tells a different part of the story. The first tablet introduces Gilgamesh, a powerful and arrogant king who is feared and hated by his people. To curb his tyrannical behavior, the gods create Enkidu, a wild man who lives in the forest, and who becomes Gilgamesh's companion and friend.