The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 was of the most powerful natural disasters of the 1900’s in 11 states along the Mississippi River from Illinois to Louisiana. The flood lasted from the beginning of April, through May, June and July and finally ended in August. During the flood, the river got to be as wide as 80 miles in some places and submerged residential areas in as much as 30 feet of water. The flood affected multiple states and the country in countless ways. Some of the ways it changed the country was in a social and political way.
The Battle of New Orleans was a monumentous moment in the evolution of New Orleans. The importance of the Battle of New Orleans was to make sure Britain was not able to conquer New Orleans because they would take control of the Mississippi River and essentially control sea commerce. The events that occurred from 1763-1829 resulted in New Orleans being governed under different regimes to ensure safety from Britain. There are two primary sources that will be discussed in order to help define the time period I have chosen. The first primary source is the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
Before the start of human development, Mississippi River sediments and nutrients, forming new wetlands, replaced natural wetland loss. The swamps and marshlands of the delta are ecologically substantial to the immediate area, but the river is economically fundamental to the United States, a shipping transporter that runs right through the middle of the nation. Because of this, beginning in the late 19th century, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began building manmade levees along the Mississippi River to direct silt and sediment near the ocean to clear a path for the shipping lanes for boats. This has been beneficial in keeping the Mississippi River clear for boats, but along with navigation channels and pipelines laid by energy firms, the levee accumulation has led to runoff and erosion that has damaged plant life and land at the edge of the river. Human undertakings have the unfortunate side effect of causing Mississippi River sediments to go straight down the river's channel and into the Gulf of Mexico (Farber 147).
It is estimated that the total economic impact in Louisiana and Mississippi exceeded $150 billion. Katrina earn the title of costliest hurricane ever in US history. Hurricane Katrina made clear the linkages among race, place and vulnerability within groups. The survivors of Katrina still bear the psychological scars. However, with the help of psychological care, the survivors ultimately
This storm claimed its title as one of the most deadly hurricanes to ever hit the United States of America with a estimated death count of 1,245 to 1,836 total. Katrina, on top of all the damage that she did, displaced over a million people from the coastal areas
Village Creek “flows in a general westerly direction for approximately 14 miles through the center of urban Birmingham” (United States Corps of Engineers, 1980, pg 1). Over 700 houses have been removed as part of a flood mitigation program by the City of Birmingham. While many homes have been removed, the area is still prone to flooding and affecting families and businesses. “Village Creek flood plain makes up 53% of Birmingham’s Special Flood Hazard Area” (Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2000). Even with implemented mitigation, this area will continue to cost the community in incident
New Orleans was becoming inaccessible, and in 1975 a treaty was founded which gave t the United States the rights to use the Mississippi River and deposit their goods in New Orleans for transfer to vessels crossing the ocean. This was achieved through a letter President Jefferson wrote Minister to France Robert Livingston. In this letter it gave the United States ground that it might be able to take some of Spain’s land possession because it was Vulnerable and weak. Because of the situation Spain was in, Spain’s ruler
This was the flood that convinced authorities that something had to be done as the damage to infrastructure and homes exceeded $20 million (around $400 million in current figures). The risk to human life was becoming more evident as the population grew and changes made to the land exacerbated the risk of flooding. The public and city administrators pushed for flood prevention, and by 1921, the direction of the River had been moved away from the harbor. In addition, three large dams were built in the foothills to help regulate runoff. Only one of the three, Devils Gate Dam, which was constructed on Arroyo Seco, was built in the River system.
Then it extended to Mexico and Costa Rica with several weeks of rainfall. It then started to form floods. 32 bridges were damaged and roads in 174 locations, while 1,396 homes were damaged, killing seven people. In total 50,000 people to leave their homes and there were 60 deaths. Another natural disaster was the 1991 Limon earthquake.
In San Francisco on April 18, 1906 at about 5:13 am a HUGE earthquake hit recorded as a 7.7-7.9 . Damaging buildings from left to right. Many poorly structured buildings collapsed causing 500 million dollars in total damage (1906 money) translated to about 8.2 billion dollars today. It was recorded that most buildings immediately caught fire which trapped the victims, about 25,000 buildings were burnt down from the fire, a total of about 490 blocks.At around 8:14 a Major aftershock hit making even more damaged building collapse. The earthquake and fires in San Francisco were recorded to be the worst natural disaster in U.S. history.
The capture of the Red River increased the Atchafalaya’s power. At the Old River we would lose the American Ruhr. The Army’s name for its operation here was Old River Control. The corps dammed the Old River in 1963, and they wanted to kill the Atchafalaya but, the Atchafalaya was used to relieve pressure and keep New Orleans from ending up like Yucatan. It was also the source of water in swamps and bayous for the Cajun world.
The South has had many problems but I believe many of them could have been solved faster if we were allowed to secede. The North stopped us from seceding though, so we will never know. Secession has been around for centuries but when the South tried to do it, it was seen as unconstitutional. The South had many good reasons to secede. For example, it would have benefited both the North and the South, it would have stopped the Civil War from happening, and even though many people say the South wasn’t at a place to make its own decisions I think we would have been fine.
Over the past few months, California has been hit with a slew of storms and now the Oroville Dam is overflowing with water. This would not have been as bad a situation if the emergency spillways were not damaged by erosion; or as the anchorman said “... erosion has opened a hole the almost size of a football field and it’s almost 40 feet deep…”. The towns downstream were evacuated because of the potential for flash flooding for the 75 miles downstream from the dam. Workers then started crushing rocks to reinforce and fix the damaged spillways and to delay the potential of flash flooding. Over 200,000 people were evacuated, highways were filled, and gas pumps were emptied in the panic.
He has also proposed that we strengthen a dike that surrounds Lake Okeechobee. I am not too keen on this idea. We have already seen that trying to control the flow of water can be harmful to other aspects of the environment, so this does not seem like the way to go in my opinion. I tend to side more with environmentalists’ opinion, which is that the best option is to simply step back and allow nature to correct the problem. That being said, nature will have an extremely hard time correcting this problem when all the things that caused the issue in the first place are still present.