Canada was transformed on April 17, 1982 when Queen Elizabeth II gave her royal acceptance of the Constitution Act. Prior to the signing of the Act, which included the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Canada remained under the control of Britain and individual rights were not guaranteed. The Constitution Act established the Government of Canada, apart from Britain, and granted it the ability to amend its own Constitution. It also gave the Supreme Court more authority, provide the provinces political and economic controls and gave new guarantees of equality and individual rights not provided for in the British North American (BNA) Act. The new Constitution and Charter were controversial in the provinces, but Pierre Trudeau’s determination …show more content…
The 1960 Bill of Rights, by Prime Minister John Diefenbaker, was the previous attempt at introducing basic freedoms and protecting human rights to Canadians. Though the Bill of Rights had federal authority, it was not part of the Constitution and did not apply to provincial legislation. Trudeau’s plan was to include the Charter of Rights and Freedoms into the Constitution in order to make it virtually unchangeable by future governments. The Charter would give the Supreme Court ultimate authority over interpreting the Constitution and its amendments. This was a concern for the provinces as it was another way they felt a loss of control. In order to overcome this challenge, the “notwithstanding” clause was added to the Charter that allowed for Parliament or the provinces to be released from certain parts of the Charter. The provinces also gained a sense of security through the amending formula, which meant that any changes to Charter laws required Parliamentary agreement, as well as the agreement of seven provinces that represent at least 50 percent of the total population of
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The constitutional act in 1791 got divided into upper and lower canada by britain. This made changes to the quebec act. It affected people in lower canada and lower canada. The people in lower and upper canada payed money to the church. This is the cause of two separate systems because there was a lieutenant for upper and lower canada.
Happened in 1763. Parts of the land acquired through the Treaty of Paris became the provinces of East Florida, West Florida, Quebec, and Grenada. The Sugar Act Parliament passed the Sugar Act in 1764.
When the Pontiacs war came to an end, the British found that they had to do much more in order to fulfill the needs of the French Canadians. As had been mentioned earlier, there are those Canadians who had close relations with the French at the time that the latter had seceded and left the land in the jurisdiction of the British. In order to satisfy this population, the British came up with the Quebec act of 1774. This document contained among other things, the parts of the French civil law that would remain place. Additionally, the document allowed for the extension of Quebec’s boundaries, which would now extend to the south of the Ohio River.
Many people loved and, however, hated Riel like the Canadians, but Riel still protected them. Meeting in secret, Riel and his co-conspirators made a National Committee in October 16, 1869, where they promised to cancel the takeover of their land, proving that Riel was willing to protect and give leadership to his people and his land, which gave the Métis hope. One thing that was noticeable about Riel is his desire to for keeping equal rights. During the Red River Rebellion, Riel created a list of rights for the Métis. However, he didn’t just defend the Métis; he tried to protect the entire settlement, under the government’s control.
The Amending Formula protects the Constitution from being unjustly altered, this is done through Mr. Trudeau’s purposeful decision to make it nearly impossible to change the constitution. The steps required to amend the Canadian constitution include the approval of the Senate, then the approval of the House of Commons and the legislatures of at least seven of the ten provinces, if these provinces represent at least 50% of the population of Canada. This is also known as the 7/50 rule. Thus, the Amending Formula has been designed to ensure it will never be unjustly altered regardless of the regime it is under, attesting to the fact that the Amending Formula effectively provides legal stability, and
“Trudeaumania swept across Canada…for a few warm spring months in 1968 Pierre Elliot Trudeau synthesized the dreams, achievements, and illusions of the liberation era.” (Fellows and Wells, 2013). Trudeau ran under the slogan of creating “the Just Society” (Fellows and Wells, 2013) in Canada, and unlike Diefenbaker, Trudeau would manage to achieve what he promised the public. While Trudeau was in office he managed to implement reforms that expanded welfare, enabled parliament to be more efficient, and established true universal healthcare in Canada (Fellows and Wells, 2013) . All of these changes and reform were things that others had promised previous to Trudeau but constantly failed to
From referendums to wanting to be a “distinct society”, the province of Quebec really wanted it all. But the English Canadians noticed that if Quebec was allowed to become a “distinct society”, that the French Canadians would have a higher status and more power over the rest of the provinces. This later became known as the Meech Lake Accord, which was an attempt to amend the constitution by strengthening the powers of all the provinces. However, the Meech Lake Accord had also tried to declare Quebec as a “distinct society”. Unfortunately, the previous Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau, came out of retirement just to fight against the Accord.
For a long time the debates had been going about how was the better prime minister of Canada. On the the top of most lists of best prime ministers are Mackenzie King and Sir John A. Macdonald. For example, according to the Expert Survey that was made in 2013 “Laurier came first, Macdonald second, and King third, but the difference in their overall scores was negligible”. Both prime ministers had a strong vision of the country that helped shaped Canada to become the country it is today(in 2015). Thesis: Sir John A.Macdonald was one of the founding fathers, but William Lyon Mackenzie King had to lead the country through the part of Depression and WWII, and they both have made different positive contributions to Canada and are highly respected
Prime Minister Pierre Elliott Trudeau is one of the world's greatest political leaders who shall be remembered for the greatest work and contribution to modern day Canadian society. He was adored by the public due to his extremely flamboyant lifestyle. His charisma and his charm led him to be a global icon of diplomacy and negotiation. The face of advocating for a united, independent Canada where nobody is treated differently or alienated he quickly found his presence in the hearts of Canadians everywhere, and among the ranks of the best leaders in the world. In only a matter of a few months of campaigning, his immensely unique style of leadership took over Canada in phenomena unlike any other known as “Trudeaumania”.
Civic Reflection Issue 1- Change in Point of View The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is a bill of rights which outlines and protects the basic rights and fundamental freedoms that all Canadians have. These include the fundamental freedoms, democratic rights, mobility rights, legal rights, equality rights, language rights, and Aboriginal and treaty rights. The Canadian Charter of Rights is extremely important to the citizens of Canada as it has given important meaning to the protection of our rights. It makes sure that minorities and vulnerable groups are protected through equality rights.
When you tell others that you’re Canadian, many think of maple syrup, friendly people, and hockey. Little did they know that we are entitled to freedom, peace, and equality. Not only do we excel in many winter sports such as hockey, but we also bond over our country’s achievements in sports events. In addition to our strong government and democratic society, Canadians offer help to those in need and welcomes new immigrants to our country.
The Confederation Congress used a bill of rights to preserve the people’s fiercely desired personal rights, while they used amendments to correct any errors or to edit federal laws and bills as necessary. The Constitution had to adapt to “changing economic and social conditions” (Thompson, 1913, p. 17), and this is exactly the flexibility the Amendments
Canada is now known to be a diverse, multicultural, bilingual and inclusive nation largely as a result of his work. Pierre Elliott Trudeau also believed in an equal Canada for all, he is primarily the one to introduce rights and freedoms to the citizens of Canada. While some view Pierre Trudeau as impulsive, for enforcing the War Measures Act, Trudeau enacted this for the protection of Canadian citizens against radical extremist and his actions were more rational than impulsive for the situation that had suddenly occurred. Pierre Trudeau was one of Canada’s greatest Prime Minister’s, who’s impact fundamentally changed the course of the nation by introducing multiculturalism, for introducing the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and for paradoxically upholding democracy by strong action during the October Crisis.
This corrupt system as some refer to it has many people confused and wondering what benefits are for Canadians. A specific case of the Charter being ineffective is the case Arsenault-Cameron v. Prince Edward