Kingsley Davis, who is said to have pioneered the study of historical urban demography wrote his “The Urbanization of the Human population” in 1965. In his essay, he states that the history of the world is in fact the history of urbanization and then begins with description of how tiny European settlements grew slowly through the Middle Ages and the early modern period. According to him, urbanization occurred mainly because of rural-urban migration and not the other factors that people believe. He discusses how the production levels of this time period, due to the feudal system, used to favor an agrarian culture and then how the process of urbanization intensified during the 1900s, especially in Great Britain. He then clarifies the difference between urbanization, which he describes as the process of a society becoming more urban-focused, and the growth of cities i.e.
F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby illustrates that materials and possessions are crucial to the plot development and represent the social status of the characters. First automobiles subsist throughout the story to highlight the differences between “new money” and “old money”. Consequently, automobiles are crucial to the conclusion of the novel. In addition, some characters live in small apartments and homes others live in elaborate mansions, which is signifies their social classes. Clothing is used as a means to show social class or pretend to be in a higher one.
Jacob Riis knew that the people in the tenements were living in horrible conditions, and that no one would intervene. Not only did he go to these tenements to write about them, he also took pictures of what was happening inside those tenements. In the tenements, lived very poor people, so even 5 dollars would be too much for them. While the rent was too high for these people, the wages were too low for the factory workers. “Their rent was eight dollars and a half for a single room on the top-story, so small that I was unable to get a photograph of it even by placing the camera outside the open door.
In “The Lost Colony and Jamestown Droughts” Jamestown suffered its longest time of an unbroken period of drought. (57) August through May 1610 “(the “Starving Time”) killed 110 colonists. (Fausz, 63) The colonist also died because during the winter time, the was not a lot of food to feed themselves. The other reason colonists died because fish were only present during spring and early summer which is why they had no food during winter time.That is the reason colonists died by starvation. The lack of food is the reason so many colonists died of hunger.
A challenge that Ben faced is that “…, all the Jewish people in Warsaw and its surrounding towns were rounded up and forced to move into one tiny area of the city.” This is a challenge because there is a humongous population forced to move into a very small place. It was called a ghetto and a wall with barbed wire was put around it so they couldn’t get out. The Jewish people were treated horribly and they were not allowed to go to libraries or parks. If they broke the rules, they could be shot. Another challenge that Ben and his family faced is that “Each resident was allotted a tiny ration of food that was barely a tenth of what a person should eat each day.” this is a challenge because his family is big family of people to only have a serving of food that was the size one person should get.
He has the stature of a Jew in the midst of the Holocaust. He is a skeleton with skin. His body is so devoid of nutrients that his skin is turning yellow. (3) Flavio is only “...twelve” (5) and he’s being starved into an early grave by poverty. He is the eldest of eight children living in a shack that brings in seventy-five cents a day.
Low-wage jobs have the tendency to inhabit poor working conditions and workers rights. The desire to gain fair working conditions and better rights fuels workers to be apart or create labor unions. Barbara Ehrenreich a low-wage worker at Walmart experiences poor working conditions. She is not allowed to sit on the job and cannot take unscheduled breaks. She works for hours and only gets 15 minute
“Even for that part of the country the kitchen was a poor-looking place”(151). The kitchens in the New England part of the country where not extravagant or beautiful in any way so saying that the Fromes kitchen was even worse is saying a lot about their lives and the way they live. “The furniture was of the roughest kind”(151), the furniture was plain, old, and unappealing representing the carelessness of the way that the Fromes kitchen appeared and the ruin of the home, farm and mill making them not be able to afford lavish things. “Three coarse china plates and a broken-nosed milk-jug had been set on a greasy table scored with knife-cuts, and a couple of straw-bottomed chairs and a kitchen dresser of unpainted pine stood meagrely against the plaster walls” (151). The description of the materials in the Fromes home are rough and broken.
The prison camps were acompanied by about 120 soilders per camp. They were fed but, the camps were not sanitary. Prisoners enjoyed playing sports while at the camp but, soon the camps started to flood with people. Over10,00 people flooded into the salisbury camp. With all of the overflow of men lack of food came.
The social problems that urbanization and industrialized in the late 19th century created was slums. “Forty-two men and women in a room not more than twelve feet square, and in the corner on a heap of dirty straw lay a woman with a newborn babe” (Related Document 1, pg. 275). Immigrants were living in an overcrowded tenement and having to pay high rent. They lack access to clean water for drinking, garbage and sewage system.