The differential treatment of applicants solely on racial grounds is a violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The Supreme Court ruled that while race is a legitimate factor in school admissions, the use of such inflexible quotas as the medical school had set aside was not. The Supreme Court was split 5–4 in its decision, addressing only a minimal number of the many issues that had be brought up about affirmative
Elements of UC Regents v. Bakke UC Regents v Bakke helped affirm the use of having affirmative action when applying to colleges and when college decisions were made. Bakke was under the belief that he was being excluded because of his race. Sixteen of Hundred seats in the entering class were for minorities. Bakke was denied admission to the medical school for University of California Davis, though his MCAT and GPA score were much higher than the minority applicants
Exposing students to the real Whitewashing of American history impacts the lives of minorities and Native Americans. “Samantha Manchac is concerned about the new materials.” (lsensee 2015). History books aren’t showing the reality of things to students. History books want to hide what white people did to Africans, Native Americans and other ethnicities. “It’s an attempt to whitewash history.” (Isensee 2015).
In Virginia of 1967 black and whites were not aloud to marry one another. The state of Virginia took this to the court and the united state constitution said that they agree with blacks and whites should not marry. With this decision came a punishment for whoever decided to break this new law. The United States supremacy court said "that because its miscegenation statutes punished both white and black participants in an interracial marriage equally, they cannot be said to constitute invidious discrimination based on race and, therefore, the statutes commanded mere rational basis
The Supreme Court dealt with the Brown v. Board case where they decided that having separate schools for whites and blacks was unconstitutional. Another case that was brought forth was the Regents of the University of California v. Bakke which finally allowed race to be a key factor in college
As a result, tests were used to deny Blacks and women from voting at polls. Shortly following this decision, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 was approved, which enforced the Fifthteenth Amendment. This was accomplished by making poll taxes illegal in federal elections, banning the use of literacy tests, and establishing federal oversight of voter registration in areas that had less than fifty percent of non-white populations registered. It also specified that voting qualification or requisites cannot be denied on account or race or color and that a person’s ability to read or write cannot deny them the right to vote. Unfortunately, this has not entirely stop discrimination at polls, as many states still have voter ID laws and oftentimes people are forced to take time off work to make it to the polls.
Low grades, inability to connect with classmates, fear of being judged are cues that can raise the question “Do I really belong here?” In Whistling Vivaldi, Steele explains a similar situation occurring at the University of Michigan. The racial segregation at the university causes many black students to blame their struggles on their race. Consequently, they do not realize that all types of students are facing similar problems. (166-167) In a similar fashion, student veterans might blame the problems they face on their identity, rather than see them as a normal occurrence in a college environment. Steele proposes that “fostering hopeful narratives about belonging in a setting” can work to correct the false idea that identity plays a role in negative experiences.
This political attitude favors immigration and makes the racial and cultural identity of immigrants an important factor at least for voting exploitation. Due to the huge number of immigrants settled in western societies the last decade, States are forced to implement policies for a gradual racial and political convergence and affiliation . According to the European Consortium for Political Research workshops in 2007 at Helsinki about Political Representation of Immigrants and Minorities, liberal democracies must be emphasized in a strategic perspective toward minority representation, from voter preferences to parliamentary behavior. More specifically it focus on the growing politicization of ethnicity in these democracies, which they explain as “the emergence of ethnic minorities as political actors – as community activists, voters, candidates, and increasingly, as elected representatives – who at least to some extent express their ethnicity through their political projects.” Subsequently the different policy objectives of minorities strengthens pluralism and diversity and undermines state unity. Each ethnic minority group serves selfish interests which do not promote the assimilation and the acceptance of the new national identity of the host
A nation state is a group of people who share common bonds and live within a geographical territory under a system of government (S4 Integrated Humanities, 2016). The government of a nation state should provide for its people in the best possible way. Diversity refers to recognizing that each individual is unique, with their own differences, be it their race, ethnicity, religious beliefs or ideologies. When there is diversity in a nation state, there is bound to be disagreements, since different groups of people will have different opinions with others, which may escalate into conflict. A multiculturalist perspective should be attained by a nation in order to deal with cultural and ethnic diversity.
The students not supporting the protest have the right to education, but that right can be infringed upon by the protests. Thus bringing the dilemma of whether school should protect freedom of speech or the right to education. In Morse v Frederick, a high school senior had a banner saying ‘Bongs Hit 4 Jesus’ during a school sanctioned event. He believed his freedom of speech should’ve protected him from any punishments thus landing him in the Supreme Court after indecision between district and state courts. The Supreme Court ruled in favor of Morse because they deemed his speech as an advocacy for drug use (“Facts”).