The latter consists of the base structures needed for the said societies production and operation; structures such as transport, energy and healthcare are part of the infrastructure. Institutions such as the justice system, military and family, among others, make up the superstructure. Marx viewed the 'state' as being in a relationship with society as one of control and subservience, respectively, therefore creating conflict. In Marx's theory of the state, he postulates the terms of mode/means of production, where the labour force are oppressed by the elite and owners of the production. He conferred that there were different stratifications, which formed economic bases, creating an ideological superstructure which consisted of juridical and
Durkheim goes on to explain what the function is with in the division of labor, and with his outlook of it, he says it creates social cohesion. This becomes the industrial revolution Durkheim goes on to say; this comes to produce a lot of tension and turmoil. Durkheim resolved this problem by contradiction the developing of the notion of an anomie. Which is going to be usually translated as the normlessness, which we can break it down to mean as insufficient of the normative regulation. This is the periods of what is considered a rapid social change, individuals are going to experience what is seemed as alienation from the group goals and also the values within the group.
This force looks at the force of the consumer to influence pricing and quality. Customers have power when there are not a large portion of them, however loads of sellers, and when it is anything but difficult to change starting with one business ' product or services then onto the next. Buying force is low when customers buy products in little sums and the sender’s product is altogether different from any of its rivals. (www.nayeems.com) 4) BARGAINIG POWER OF SUPPLIERS. This power examines how much power a business ' supplier has and the amount of control it has over the possibility to raise its prices, which, thusly, would bring down a business ' profitability.
Unlike the symbolic interaction perspective, which views society as a product of daily social interactions of individuals, conflict theory analyzes society as a struggle for power that states that tensions and conflicts arise when resources, status, and power are unevenly between groups in society (Crossman, 2017). Conflict theory originated from sociologist, Karl Marx. Theorists that support conflict theory believe that the general population was divided into two groups. These two populations were separated by the wealthy, who control the means of production and the proletariat, who were the workers who depended on the wealthy for employment and survival (Crowell, n.d). The conflict theory's perspective on deviance suggests that the individual is deviant based on who has the most power.
The philosophy of the political parties in power influences business practices. The legal environment serves to define what organizations can and cannot do at a particular point in time. Political factors are those factors that business has to be more careful and influence the business more than other factors. Political factors means how and in which manner and in what degree a government interferes in business. Political factors includes government regulation and legal issue and both formal and informal rules under which business has to operate its work.
The perceived legitimacy of governments stems from the powers the governments hold, how they enforce laws, and how their citizens act on them. The different political organizations throughout the world mainly depend on the two pathways that an organization can take. The first being consensus, which is linked to democratic rule, in which people are brought together and create common rule based on their needs of protection and security. Coercion on the other hand, is very much linked with authoritarian rule, in which a ruler brings people together and monopolizes the authority and security through dominated the power of the people. In order for a country to be considered legitimate, the people must trust the efforts and aim of the country,
Not only this, but it also considers the economic elites of a region, and also politics, and how politics and business go hand-in-hand. One of the individuals who studied political economy was Harvey Molotch, in which he concluded that government affairs and cooperations in their entirety control local economics and politics. Molotch closely studied how corporations and government play a role in industrial growth, and stated that political moves influence industry, and industry influences urban growth. This ‘urban growth’ can be viewed as beneficial, although Molotch views it in a pessimistic manner, degrading the system and how it perpetuates a system that will ultimately lead to its own demise. Businesses gain leverage over the labor force, and the labor force has control over the politicians (partially), and politicians have power over the business and the taxes they pay, but in the end industry reigns.
As power relations and narratives change, society adjusts itself as it follows suit. An ideological struggle can be disrupted from the powers in place to the progressive changes. Critical theory is a good method of focusing on social actions, as voices challenge the norms in society (Coakley,
Consumer Purchasing Decision for Nestle In marketing, there are two types of buying process an organisation can operate under and theses are: buyer to consumer (B2C) or buyer to business (B2B). B2C is when companies focus on selling to individuals and market their products for personal use. They accomplish this by using attracting packaging option. B2B when companies market their products to business or other organisations for use in production of goods in general business operations or for resale to another consumer. The major difference between buyer to consumer and buyer to business is that buyer to consumer considers the behaviour of the consumer while buyer to business are for products for the daily operations of the business.
In the earlier industrial era, political powers are sufficient enough to suppress their economic powers since governments were able to regulate their national economies. Business Ethics concerns are vast in today’s business environment and the firms are trying to achieve their maximum through various measures including Corporate Social Responsibility. Increasing investment on CSR can solve new Institutional Economics problems such as Information Asymmetry. Nowadays the consumers are informed and use the information to weld the power over firms and