From the time the word “muckraker” was conceived by President Roosevelt as an insult toward journalists, to the later years where the phrase was worn with pride, it remains that “muckraking” has had a profound impact on the way American society has reacted to controversial issues. While originally defined by Roosevelt as a journalist who ‘goes too far’ in the pursuit of their story, the definition has morphed through the years to mean one who “searches out and publicly exposes real or apparent misconduct of a prominent individual or business.” Though there have been a few instances where “muckraking” has led to an exaggerated response, when the proposed information was true, it had led to a groundbreaking awareness of situations in society. …show more content…
Though he was mostly concerned about the labor exploitation in industrialized cities, Sinclair’s gripping description of the filthy conditions and frequent contamination of food caused disturbing revelation in the public for the lack of concern over cleanliness and the disgusting conditions of the meat-packing facilities. Sinclair’s exposé and resulting public pressure on President Roosevelt led to the creation of the Meat Inspection Act, the Pure Food and Drug Act, and the Food and Drug Administration, which still regulates all food sold in the United States. Before Sinclair’s book, Americans were blissfully unaware of the state their food was being produced, but due to Sinclair’s “muckraking”, the public were now informed and took the proper procedures needed to right it. More modernly, the movie Super Size Me (2004), a documentary film that follows director Morgan Spurlock through a 30-day period where he consumed only McDonald’s food, highlighted the life-risking and dangerous qualities of fast food and—like The Jungle— attributed to change. Spurlock’s movie received critical and public acclaim, and six weeks after the release, McDonald’s removed the Super Size option from the menu and introduced “Go Active” adult happy meals. Though the effect …show more content…
Bringing “muckraking” into the 21st century limelight, Assange started WikiLeaks in 2006 to provide a place where whistleblowers can anonymously share classified documents under Assange’s editorship. Far from being a traditional journalist, Assange doesn’t personally investigate crimes or abuses, but supplies an instant, worldwide forum for those who do. While Assange himself is difficult to praise with his persecutions and charges, this does not discredit his solidity in creating a place made to drag truth into the light. It has been debated on for years upon whether or not WikiLeaks causes more harm than “good”, but what WikiLeaks actually does— to political parties, the military, and other powerful entities— is pull back the curtain of censorship, twists, and deception to show the public what’s really going on. The website provides raw data in the form of emails, documents, and videos; it does not tell the public what to think, but incites them to see the evidence and decide for themselves. At any rate, this form of “muckraking” has led to a more informed society by releasing accurate portrayals of events and
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I have a 1st edition copy of "The Jungle" written by Upton Sinclair and published by Doubleday & Page in 1906. The book binding is very solid. The hard cover is in good shape with some wear on the white detailing on the cover and spine.
Upton Sinclair, a socialist and muckraker (Source 2), wrote The Jungle in order to promote socialism, but what really popped out was the few pages of descriptive horrors of the meat-packing industry (below). They were so descriptive that its said that when Franklin Roosevelt read it, it convinced him to pass the Pure Food and Drug Act. However, despite all this, The Jungle was written to show how socialism would positively impact America and the world. This point was illustrated through the lives of an immigrated Lithuanian family.
A Book for Societal Change As one thinks about the change brought about by a book named The Jungle, one might think of its call to preserve forests or wildlife. However, in Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle, he writes about something completely different. Sinclair writes this book to expose the meat packing industry and its horrific conditions for the meat and for the workers while also promoting socialism as the ideal form of government. His socialists views expressed in the book lead the book to be banned in several countries.
The Jungle, written by Upton Sinclair, is about a Lithuanian family that travels to Chicago in pursuit of the American Dream. When writing this novel, Sinclair sought to build support for the Socialist Party and the working class. In preparation for writing The Jungle, Sinclair spent weeks in Chicago’s meat packing plants to study the lives of its stockyard workers. When the novel was first published, readers were more concerned with the health standards and conditions in which the meat was processed rather than the socialist message that Sinclair intended. The Jungle is also often associated with the passage of the Pure Food and Drug Act and the Meat Inspection Act both in 1906, the year the novel was published (Source A).
The films The Nine Lives of Marion Barry and Anita, contribute to history in allowing us to go back in the past to see how we as a society chose how to handle scandals, which creates certain expectation and set boundaries during the era in which they occurred. With this information, we can then redefine the differences between events in the past and compare them today. For example, Barry was elected into office countless times after countless drug scandals surfaced about his coke addition, yet Anita Hill’s reputation was destroyed after she accused Supreme Court nominee Clarence Thomas of sexual harassment. Many would consider this to be great injustice, resulting in confusion. As a result, the media plays such an important role in helping us understand and in showing how some scandals are very specific to time, place, and culture which is why people react differently to them.
Muckrakers played an important role in reforming and creating massive change during the nineteenth century. Extreme tabloid journalism was the norm during the nineteenth century. Facts seemed lost and reporters wrote sensational articles in order to sell newspapers. One reporter however broke the norms, Ida.
The tradition begun by the journalists in Jensen’s book still continues today. Greg Palast is one such journalist who is following in the footsteps of the muckrakers. He has been called the “most important investigative reporter of our time” by The Guardian and has been responsible for writing front page stories for influential news outlets such as “BBC Television Newsnight, The Guardian, Nation Magazine, Rolling Stone and Harper's Magazine”. His area of expertise is corporate fraud and he has gone undercover to conduct his investigations on five continents. He is responsible for writing influential stories such as “BP's Deepwater Horizon blow-out”, the U.S. role in the coup against Hugo Chavez, Enron’s attempt to buy favors from the British government, and the U.S. Presidential election theft in 2000 in
Imagine a world in which everyone was honest and trustful. This world may sound like the world that people are living in, but in reality, people have something to hide or lie about. Although it is not possible to make someone tell the truth, it is possible to investigate and discover whether someone is lying or not. However, it is easier now than ever to find out whether someone is lying with modern technology, such as polygraphs. Some people believe that it is unethical to know so much about people and that people should have more freedom.
Sean Kahre Langford English Hon 3 March 2023 People with a high reputation such as political members and news outlets are determined to bring others down by spreading false info. Ahern uses many examples of misinformation in the book “Flawed.” These examples show how people with authority over society control the narrative. The book “Flawed” reminds me of the modern world because it relates to how politics and other people that have a lot of control over society can control it.
How would you feel people would feel knowing that they were ingesting contaminated foods? This was the case in the late 18th hundred and early 19th hundred many social and economic problems came to be in the United States. For example, one of the many problems that arose during these years were the sanitation conditions in the companies. To be more precise, food companies were getting away with many of the inspections the government would act on. Meat packing industries were becoming more unsafe everyday.
In the contemporary smartphone, internet, and infinite content society, there are no figures that present themselves in the same way Joseph Pulitzer, William Randolph Hearst, and Edward R. Murrow did in their respective time periods. The media market is far too diverse to support a system where there is only one source of news as was the case in the past. The internet provides a platform for ranges of voices that would not be heard in the age dominated by radio and television. This allows the general public the freedom of choice when it comes to selecting the type and political bent of journalism they want to consume and puts pressure on larger outlets to produce high quality journalism. However, it has allowed the phenomenon of fake news to
Bollea v. Gawker was one of the most famous and public lawsuits regarding free press and personal infringement and privacy. This trail will go down in history in determining the lives for independent publications in the future to come. When a news company posts a story about a intimate moment, this could be a limit to what is defined as ‘freedom of press’. However, wealthy individuals in the 1% are confining self-sufficient corporations by constricting press as a whole. Gawker Media’s distribution of Terry Bollea’s tape was highly unethical and commercially driven, but, obliterating a small company like Gawker entirely is extremely unlawful.
With majority of newspapers entering the digital age, it is easy for the public to confuse credible informants with unreliable ones. The quality of investigation dedicated to potential stories and sources separates reliable journalism from untrustworthy journalism (Kovačič, Erjavec & Štular 2010, p. 125). It is becoming harder to verify stories and sources however, which influences the credibility of journalism in the public eye. The decline in credibility highly influences the amount of fake news circulating in the media in recent years (Leber & Schulman 2017,
However, by doing this, it also displayed mistrust of the government, which could cause potential problems for the website’s future. In the end, Wikipedia made the right choice in banning the IP, and the government disciplined the individuals responsible for the edits. The fact that Wikipedia can ban users from editing posts is a conflict mediator. However, the fact that Wikipedia did not hesitate to ban the United States Government from editing posts shows that Wikipedia values integrity when making important decisions. This value allows Wikipedia to remain a relatively credible website while maintaining its sometimes controversial user-driven
After the 9/11 attacks, the earliest days of coverage consisted of only 25% of opinion, analysis and speculation and 75% facts. The media steered to avoid interpretation with at least 2,496 stories covering the attacks via television, newspaper and magazines (Return, 2002). This may have been the new start to how the media takes information and present it to the