The Cost of Contrasting Leadership In the 1940s, William Golding experienced the Second World War - a grave time of horrible happenings. Golding, author of Lord of the Flies, witnessed the different approaches to leadership during war, and how these approaches shaped society in various ways. The theme of differing leadership types is evident in Lord of the Flies, set during World War II, in which a plane crash leaves a group of British school boys stranded on an island. In the book, we are introduced to two boys in pursuit of power - Jack and Ralph. The contrast of their leadership portrays Jack as a Machiavellian and Ralph as a democratic leader which displays their struggle for power to either destroy or benefit the community. Ralph gains …show more content…
Throughout the book, Ralph’s intention as chief is to create a stable society with rules, with the ultimate goal of getting rescued. One of Ralph’s first actions as leader is to build a fire, as shown in the quote “There’s another thing. We can help them to find us. If a ship comes near the island they may not notice us. So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire.” (38). In addition to this, Ralph tries to establish rules like regular meetings, in which the person with the conch can talk. In the quote, “‘And another thing. We can’t have everybody talking at once. We’ll have to have ‘Hands up’ like at school... I’ll give the conch to the next person to speak. He can hold it while he’s speaking,’” (33) we see that Ralph’s focus on rules is key to his ability to control democracy. In the quote “‘I’m chief,’ said Ralph, ‘because you chose me. And we were going to keep the fire going...’” (150), we see Ralph not only asserting his democratic and fairly gained power, but also trying to refocus the boys on their long term goal of rescue. Jack’s first manipulation over the boys is by focusing on killing the pig to eat as food. In the quote, “‘He’s not a hunter. He’d never have got us meat...He just gives orders and expects people to obey for nothing.’” (126), Jack is manipulating the …show more content…
Over the course of the book, Ralph wants to create a positive society for the boys in which they will get rescued, while Jack as a Machiavellian, manipulates and twists the boys into a problematic society. In the quote, "The fire is the most important thing on the island. How can we ever be rescued except by luck, if we don 't keep a fire going?” (80), we see Ralph fighting hard to focus the boys on the bigger picture of getting rescued. Despite Ralph’s valiant efforts, we see in the quote, “Ralph was on his feet too, shouting for quiet, but no one heard him. All at once the crowd swayed toward the island and was gone—following Jack.” (38), that the boys find Jack’s cunning offer of immediate gratification more compelling. Through meat and the beast, Jack draws the boys into activities more interesting than building shelters and watching over the fire. He knows exactly what the boys are drawn to, and is able to manipulate them into following him by focusing on immediate gratification. Towards the end of the book, Ralph’s group of followers dwindles as more boys turn to Jack as their new chief, and we see the symbol of the conch losing power, and Ralph doubting it’s authority - “If I blow the conch and they don’t come back; then we’ve had it.” (92). Jack’s gain of power and leadership greatly affects the community, making his group more and
Click here to unlock this and over one million essaysShow More
But, as the story continues, the freedom the island has gets into Jack's mind and causes him to becomes power-hungry, evil and savage. His hunger for power starts off small with comments he makes like this one he says in the beginning of the book, "I ought to be chief, because I'm chapter chorister and head boy. I can sing C sharp" (chapter 8 page 21). But the hunger for power gets out of control and he
In the novel The Lord of The Flies by William Golding there are two characters. Both 12 years old, Ralph the son of a naval officer and Jack a redhead with freckles and the head of the choir. Both with leadership characteristics but one siding with reason and the other with Power. First, after the boys landed on the island and found each other, Both boys had a craving for power so they nominated themselves to be leader, Jack saying “I ought to be chief”, “because I'm chapter chorister and head boy”.
It's november 11 1918 war one has just finished and germany is left in ruins. After 15 years a political figure takes power and his name is adolf hitler. Hitler gained his power just like jack did int the book lord of the flies, by fear and promises of short term relief from crisis. In the book lord of the flies by william golding the author uses the boys to show how power changes when in crisis. The boys are quick to assign ralph the chief because he is the first one to talk about rescue and being saved.
Hannah McLellan Mrs. Odolphy ENG2D1-01 17 January 2018 The Loss Of Civilization: Comparing Ralph And Jack’s Change Throughout A group of young British boys in the time period may seem that boys stranded on an island would create a perfect community, the Lord of the flies says they wouldn't. William Golding's Lord of the flies is a story about a time of war where a plane is carrying a group of British schoolboys that gets shot down over the Pacific.
Following Jack’s raid of Ralph’s camp, Ralph says, “The fire is the most important thing on the island. How can we ever be rescued except by luck, if we don’t keep a fire going? Is a fire too much for us to make?” Ralph’s emphasis on the importance
Ralph’s meaning of power is unique to that of Jack, Piggy, and the littluns, hence his escape from the island’s corruption despite the deaths of Piggy & Simon. His initial desire to start the fire is a representation of maintaining hope, ironically because the fire, which was created by Jack, allowed for their survival. Therefore, Jack’s attempt to defeat Ralph’s characteristic of integrity managed to only find the success of Ralph. It is evident that because of his strength, Ralph is
Jack’s unwillingness to abide by Ralph’s rules creates chaos and strips morality from the group. This leads to death and a dark realization that war can only result in mutual loss. Jack resents Ralph’s power and the rules while also disregarding what is asked of him, creating tension between themselves. Jack constantly tries to turn the others against Ralph and undermine his opinion. When Jack does not do what is asked of him, it sparks conflict as shown in this quote:
Fear, brutality and coercion play a significant role in both William Golding’s novel and social commentary on WWII, “The Lord of the Flies” including treat which parallels with the treatment to boys on the island from Jack, and the bombing of Pearl Harbor relating to Jack trying to kill Ralph. Torture and stealing possessions are shown in both the novel and in events in WWII including the Nazi Concentration Camps, The Rape of Nanking and the Japanese Internment Camps. Fear in these situations is mainly from the brutal side because of ideas that the prisoners may go against them. The attack on Pearl Harbor is similar to Jack’s attack on Ralph in many ways. The risk and desperation of the “bad guys” can be seen in both as can similarities between the actual attack.
How can we ever be rescued except by luck, if we don’t keep a fire going? Is a fire too much for us to make?” This shows that Ralph used the conch to call for a meeting for the kids to discuss things and used his deep concerns for the fire to try to drive the other kids to work harder on it. Jack’s leadership however is, “I’m not going to be part of Ralph’s lot-… Anyone who wants to hunt when I do can come too.”
How Absolutely does Absolute Power Corrupt? Stranded, alone, no adults in sight. The boys in Lord of the Flies by William Golding were being evacuated from their school during the war, when their plane crashed on a small, uninhabited island. All adults were lost in the crash, only boys of various ages between twelve and six survived. Someone needs to be in charge, right?
In the novel Lord of the Flies by William Golding, Ralph and Jack compete to have the title of chief, this illustrates Golding's message that in society dictatorship can be more successful than democracy. Characters in this novel resemble people in WWII. Jack is a symbol of dictatorship and Ralph is a symbol of democracy. Though in the beginning of the novel Ralph had control, Jacks dictatorship caused him to take total control. Between the two boys Jack is the more successful leader.
After the boys catch their first glimpse at what they imagined was the beast, Jack calls his own assembly to address the issue. As Jack leads his own meeting instead of Ralph, he immediately exerts this new authority in an attempt to overthrow Ralph as chief, exclaiming, “He’s like Piggy. He says things like Piggy. He isn 't a proper chief,” (Golding 92).
Lord of the Flies, by William Golding, is a novel that revolves around the concept of civilization versus savagery. The boys argue about points that eventually split the boys amongst themselves. These disputes come up multiple times over the course of the novel. One of which being the fight over the leader of the boys. Some believed the leader should be Jack while others believed it should be Ralph.
In William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, Golding attempts to compare and contrast two opposite strategies of control. Golding portrays that while Ralph and Piggy’s government may have been a morally sound solution, the boys chaos is too strong to be controlled by a democracy. It must be controlled by a feared dictator. While the idea of democracy, represented by the conch, is a pure concept and can provide an equal opportunity for all of the boys on the island, the animalistic need for power and chaos that controls the boys can only be reined in by a powerful dictatorship. Democracy on the island could have provided an equal opportunity for all the boys on the island.