This paper is focus on the racial inequality of crime rate in the criminal justice system. Also, it argues the different treatment of black and white groups in the criminal justice system. Moreover, it shows the relationship of black males with crime rate. The black males face high crime rate than white males in the criminal justice system. However, in relation to police relations, the police stop black males more frequently than white males.
The 13th Documentary We can see that this documentary has been made for society to recognize that we live in a country where slavery still exists. It talks about the fact of how the United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, where Blacks make approximately 40% in prison, even though they make around 12% of the U.S. population. They were seen as "super predators" and still seem as criminals. Injustices are still made among the black community because many of them who go to prison are innocent. Whites are less likely to go to prison for the same crimes that Blacks commit.
Racial profiling is a problem across the entire nation in law enforcement. In every community it differs to who is being oppressed, and it usually depends on the type of race and ethnicity the community holds. As to us, our culture and setting consist of a high percentage of hispanics and latinos, so here comes to our problem as to who is being targeted mostly in our racist issues with the police brutally. The problem we face in our community is the fact that being from the culture, we grew up in all policemen stereotype latinos for the way they make look or speak. Research consistently shows that minorities are more likely than whites to view law enforcement with suspicion and distrust.
Throughout history, the rate of incarceration among African American men has been significantly higher than that of other races. Since the 1970’s, it seems that serving time in jail is the rite of passage for an African American male. One of the contributing factors lies in the disparities of sentencing in the Criminal Justice System, especially during the drug war. According to Western & Becky Pettit (2010), African Americans have always been incarcerated at a higher rate than whites. Laws were enacted from 1914 (The Harrison Act) that restricted the sale of heroin and cocaine, which were both legal and established the legal framework for intervention on drug policy.
An institutional racism still faced both past and present can be found in incarceration and racial profiling. Our prison populations have skyrocketed since the 80 's and there is a disproportionate amount of black and Latino individuals who are incarcerated. Between New York’s stop and frisk policies and the insurmountable amounts of unarmed black and Latino men who are shot by police the discrimination by the police and law enforcement is clearly evident. Although black and Latino drivers are less likely than white to be carrying drug and other contraband the majority of car pulled over are the cars of black and Latino divers. The racial profiling is just one reason for the disproportionate black and Latino prison population.
In fact that this so severe that there are more black men in the grip of the criminal-justice system-in prison, on probation, or on parole-than were in slavery" (Gopnik 2013). This comes to show how race plays a huge role in the United States system than in Hong
gap increases going down the economic profile, where a black family has a mere two percent in wealth compared to a white family. In order for America to overcome this racial gap, the wealth divide must be narrowed. There are many reasons contributing to higher African American unemployment rates. One important factor that plays role in high unemployment is higher crime rates among blacks. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, one in three black men can expect to go to prison in their lifetime (“Addressing Chronic Black Male Unemployment."
Cox (2009) explain the logic in the numbers by asserting that “African Americans are convicted more frequently than Caucasians and other races (making up fifty-nine percent of persons convicted of drug offenses), African Americans are subjected to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines more frequently. "(Cox, 2009, p.23) Wooldredge (2007) correlates social and economic disadvantages as being a driving factor minorities being an easy target for felony convictions. Wooldredge (2007) believes that Sentences are more severe for minority defendants from more social And economically disadvantaged areas within jurisdictions. (Wooldredge, 2007, p.239) Disenfranchisement of felons, especially African-Americans have brought with it a large growing concern
Also race and gender plays a big factor when sentencing offenders. For example, in the book it states that African Americans receive harsher sentences on average than white or Asian American offenders and males have a longer sentencing than females. This is just causing people to be in jail who shouldn’t really be there and this is also the reason why jails are overpopulating. Someone who has possession of drugs should not be going to jail longer than someone who committed murder. Our system of sentencing isn’t so rational and fair when it comes to sentencing.
The percentage shows that most of the time the suspect is someone else who commits the crime or it is a racial crime. There is a huge difference between the justice system now comparing it to back in the day. Now the law enforcement and the justice system have more resources to make sure that every evidence they have is accurate. According to NBC News, 93 percent are men, and 7% are women; about 50% are African American 38% are white , 2% are Asian and 11% are Hispanic. This tells us that more black man might be in danger of getting charged with false confession compare to any other
“Black youth are ten times more likely than white youth to be arrested for drug crimes” according to the ISR (International Socialist Review). As you can see African Americans were at a disadvantage, even if they weren’t doing anything wrong, they were more likely to get stopped by a cop over any other race. Even in today’s society, we see a repeated act of unfairness, especially towards ethnic cultures. Though officers no in their mind its not right, they continue to abuse their
In 2012, almost seven thousand inmates were serving life sentences for crimes they committed as juveniles (603). Sentencing and correctional facilities were not insusceptible to the confusion of the times, but also faced additional inconvenience. Sentencing research uncovered major discretion and something unlike anything they have ever seen before, resulting in negative punishments for minorities. The conditions in prisons led to fights and the death/injury of inmates and staff. Crime rates rising, social disobedience, and drug use increasing has alarmed many people (Mackenzie 2013 4).
Thus this essay will discuss race, poverty, crime, and punishment impact on citizens in the United States. The criminal sanctions and victimization employment in order to continue a social system has created massive disadvantages that perpetuates stratification and poverty. Punishment is widespread sentences families, peer groups, neighborhoods, and racial groups are impacted from punishment of individuals convicted of felonies. Statistics show a huge population differences. African Americans are incarcerated approximately seven times as often as whites.