Today, more than one out of every 100 Americans is behind bars, and the US has the largest prison population in the world. Prison overcrowding not only affects the economy but it causes issues within the prison as well. According to Angela Davis, “Prison overcrowding leads to several issues such as racial tensions, filth, or stress… which is an obstacle to rehabilitation work, therefore more inmates will come back into prison shortly after their release”.
“As many as 25% of the entire HIV-infected population in the United States pass through the correctional system each year, resulting in HIV prevalence among prisoners being seven times greater than that of the general population.” (Copenhaver, Chowdhury, Altice, 2009, p.277). Many of these prisoners contracted the deadly disease from drug addiction and heroin use in which the diseases results from the use of a dirty used needle from someone who had already contracted the disease. Although many prisoners and ex-prisoners also contract the disease from unprotected sex or rape in prison. Because many people who are put into prison for drug possession usually don’t serve a lot of time many of these people end up back on the streets and back into their old habits after only a short period of time in prison. This in itself is another risk to public health because they may have contracted HIV in prison because they had a seven times higher chance of contracting the disease, and they are now back out on the streets and possibly sharing needles with other addicts and drug users which could spread the disease drastically among the community.
As more members left, the Ku Klux Klan lost their influence and the United States saw more people assimilating African Americans and other ethnic groups. Before the fall of the Ku Klux Klan many members who were tried for their wrong doings were acquitted of their crimes; after the conviction of David C. Stephenson, however, many of his peers followed his path to prison after being fairly tried in court. Due to the scandal they had lost most of their supporters, especially in high branches of government. As a result of this “Louisiana, Michigan, and Oklahoma passed anti-mask laws intended to frustrate Klan activity. Most of these laws made it a misdemeanor to wear a mask that concealed the identity of the wearer, excluding masks worn for holiday costumes or other legitimate uses.
¨1 in every 15 African American men, 1 in every 36 Hispanic men are incarcerated in comparison to 1 in every 106 white men. 2. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, one in three black men can expect to go to prison in their lifetime¨. Our prison system is looked at as a place of violence. Many people may argue that it should be that way and many people argue to disagree.
A problem I would like to solve is the prevalent racial inequality in the United States today. African Americans and Hispanics are the most underserved racial groups in American society. About 45% of African Americans and 46% of Hispanics live in episodic poverty (defined as poverty lasting less than three years). Over 15% of African Americans are unemployed, and they make up 40% of the prison population in America. This is a shocking statistic, as only 13% of the United States ' population is African American.
David C. Baldus, a law professor at the University of Iowa found that black defendants were 1.7 times more likely to receive the death penalty than white defendants and that murderers of white victims were 4.3 times more likely to be sentenced to death than those who killed blacks. Obviously, blacks and whites are victims of homicide in roughly equal numbers, yet 80 percent of those executed had murdered white people (New York Times, 2011). Alongside racial discrimination found within capital punishment is that of socio-economic discrimination. People with substantial income can afford the best criminal defence team when going to trial, whereas those of lower socio-economic status cannot. It is obvious that death sentence is largely dependent on the quality of one’s defence team, and the price of a good lawyer can equate to that of an entire mortgage.
Introduction In the criminal justice system the goal is justice. To protect the people and punish and hopefully reform the people that have shown to threaten the greater good of society. Many people unwillingly become a part of the system. In the United States we have the largest incarceration rate compared to all developed countries. The national rate of incarceration for countries similar in size to the United States tends be around 100 prisoners per 100,000 population or 0.1 percent.
III. Prison system affects poverty ● America 's prison system is increasing the poverty in The United states. According to “Out of prison and out of work: Jobs out of reach for former inmates” an article by published by CNN, written by Tanzina Vega the united states has 5 percent of the world 's population but 25 percent of its prison population. A large part of this is due to unemployment. As can be seen in an article published by VICE named “Why Is Getting a Job After Prison Still Such a Nightmare for Ex-Cons?”.
When it comes to people with drug addiction the amount of recidivism can be quite alarming. Statistics show that around 1.5 million people are arrested in the US each year for drug charges: of those 1.5 million, over three-fourths are repeat offenders. That’s about 1,155,000 people a year that have been incarcerated with a repeat offense. This makes the US the fourth highest in illegal drug addiction; although, with the way the US treats drug addiction this isn’t very surprising. The majority of people with drug charges are held for 40 months or less and most will be prematurely released with parole.
The American prison system incarcerates more people than any other country, being the 5 percent of the world’s population yet is home to 25 percent of the world’s prisoners. There is approximately 2.2 million inmates incarcerated in The United States, the grand majority serving minor nonviolent offenses. According to the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP) inmate statistics, drug offences make up 46.4 percent of offences in prisons combining that of homicide, aggravated assault, immigration, embezzlement, sex offences, burglary, weapons and extortion all combined.
This statistic could steam from since 1980 to present the prison system has quadrupled in population from a half of million people to roughly 2.5 million people(NAACP,2015). Some would say that this is the reason for the downward trend of violent crimes in America, Because more of the people are locked up and not on the streets in order to commit crimes. Which may be the case, but the question still remains why is the statics of race in the prison system still a overwhelmingly different. For Example African Americans are locked up 6 times more than white offenders, As of 2008 the prison system is predominantly (58%) made up of African Americans and Latinos (NAACP,2015). From these statistics, it could possibly be assumed that the socioeconomic status from where a person is from could lead to a answer as to why this is happening all over
The prison population is overwhelmingly male and disproportionately minority. The Bureau of Justice Statistics reports that 25% of state prisoners are white, 38% are black and 21% are Hispanic, revealing a degree of disproportion when compared to the general population where 62% are white, 13% are black and 17% are Hispanic. Racial disparity with regards to imprisonment has been a feature of the prison system from decades yet this disparity has increased over time. African Americans today are incarcerated in state prisons at a rate that is 5.1 times the imprisonment of whites. African Americans comprise 31% of individuals arrested for drug violations.
An institutional racism still faced both past and present can be found in incarceration and racial profiling. Our prison populations have skyrocketed since the 80 's and there is a disproportionate amount of black and Latino individuals who are incarcerated. Between New York’s stop and frisk policies and the insurmountable amounts of unarmed black and Latino men who are shot by police the discrimination by the police and law enforcement is clearly evident. Although black and Latino drivers are less likely than white to be carrying drug and other contraband the majority of car pulled over are the cars of black and Latino divers. The racial profiling is just one reason for the disproportionate black and Latino prison population.
The documentary the “13th” had shocking statistics on how many people are incarcerated in the United States. The 1970’s was the beginning of the “mass incarceration era,” which started with 357,292 people incarcerated. From there, the prison population has continuously increased and reached a population of 2,306,200 in 2014. Many of these people incarcerated are African-Americans because the criminal justice system has always worked against them. African-Americans in the United States account for 6.5% of the population, meanwhile they account for 42% of the prison population.
The 13th Documentary We can see that this documentary has been made for society to recognize that we live in a country where slavery still exists. It talks about the fact of how the United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world, where Blacks make approximately 40% in prison, even though they make around 12% of the U.S. population. They were seen as "super predators" and still seem as criminals. Injustices are still made among the black community because many of them who go to prison are innocent. Whites are less likely to go to prison for the same crimes that Blacks commit.