Mary Oliver’s poem “Crossing the Swamp” shows three different stages in the speaker's life, and uses personification, imagery and metaphor to show how their relationship with the swamp changed overtime. The swamp is personified, and imagery is used to show how frightening the swamp appears before transitioning to the struggle through the swamp and ending with the speaker feeling a sense of renewal after making it so far into the swamp. Finally, metaphor is used to compare the speaker, who has experienced many difficulties to an old tree who has finally begun to grow. Mary Oliver uses the literary element of personification to illustrate the speaker and the swamp’s relationship. She portrays the swamp as alive in lines 4-8 “ the nugget of dense sap, branching/ vines, the dark burred/ faintly belching/ bogs.” These lines show the fear the narrator has of the swamp with the words, dense, dark and belching.
In her poem, “Crossing the Swamp,” Mary Oliver uses vivid diction, symbolism, and a tonal shift to illustrate the speaker’s struggle and triumph while trekking through the swamp; by demonstrating the speaker’s endeavors and eventual victory over nature, Oliver conveys the beauty of the triumph over life’s obstacles, developing the theme of the necessity of struggle to experience success. Oliver uses descriptive diction throughout her poem to vividly display the obstacles presented by the swamp to the reader, creating a dreary, almost hopeless mood that will greatly contrast the optimistic tone towards the end of the piece. While describing the thicket of swamp, Oliver uses world like “dense,” “dark,” and “belching,” equating the swamp to “slack earthsoup.” This diction develops Oliver’s dark and depressing tone, conveying the hopelessness the speaker feels at this point in his journey due to the obstacles within the swamp. As the speaker eventually overcomes these obstacles, he begins to use words like “sprout,” and “bud,” alluding to new begins and bright futures. The speaker does not dwell on the hardships he has just endured, but instead remarks that he feels “painted and glittered.” The diction used towards the end of the work conveys the new attitude of the speaker.
In “Crossing the Swamp” by Mary Oliver, the poet uses various forms of figurative language to develop the similar relationship between the speaker and the swamp. The poet portrays this relationship through the use of visual imagery, alliteration, personification and metaphor. The visual imagery provides a clear image of the swamp and the speaker, meanwhile the alliteration is used to further compare how the swamp is related to the speaker. Personification is used to portray the swamp with human qualities; something that seems real to the readers. Finally, a metaphor is used to associate the speaker’s life and the passage through the swamp.
Point 1: Acknowledge: Pride can drive a person to help others. First example from short story supporting the opposite point (page #): “Finally one day, after many weeks of practicing, he (Doodle) stood alone for a few seconds… I grabbed him in my arms and hugged him, our laughter pealing through the swamp like a ringing bell.” (Hurst - 172) Explanation of the quotation and how it supports the opposite view: The narrator was proud of Doodle, and because of that pride, he helped Doodle learn to walk. Transitional word or phrase using point 2: Pride can also motivate a person to reach personal goals. Second example from short story supporting the opposite point (page #): “They did not know that I did it for myself; that pride, whose slave I was, spoke to me louder than all their voices, and that Doodle walked only because I was ashamed of having a crippled brother.” (Hurst - 173) Explanation of quotation and how it supports the opposite view: The narrator’s pride made him teach Doodle how to walk, but for himself and not his brother. B.
This gives a sense of human character to the town to further emphasize Douglas' lucid imagination. The author also writes that Douglas "let summer idle him on its early morning run", as if the summer had cast a spell that forced him to do absolutely nothing. By personifying the town, and the summer, the concepts are couched in a human context to make it relatable. He gives a sense of life to these inanimate objects to connect with the reader and convey his meaning more effectively. Additionally, the towns trees are then metaphorized to the intricate flow of water while they're washing together".
It doesn't matter if you rich or poor, this was the key into making a perfect world. The puritans were surviving, comparing this to the pilgrims in Doc 6 Captain John Smith wrote the colonists were barely surviving in the Virginia colonies “Our ordinary food was but meal and water so that this little relieved our wants, whereby with the extremity of the bitter cold frost…more than half of us died”. Gold was a very huge factor into why these people came to the new world,but they could not find gold because the landed and settled on a swamp biome. The search for gold and becoming rich consumed these people, which turned this colony into a nightmare. The differences also come in the supplies, they had different types of lands, crops, and water.
Mary Oliver in her poem, “Crossing the Swamp,” utilizes allegory, alliteration, metaphor, and tone to convey an intricate relationship between herself and the swamp, that being her struggles in her life. A relationship that starts out with fear and ends in acceptance, stagnation to triumph, darkness to light; a relationship that allows her to be reborn. The swamp is a metaphor, described as “struggle, closure,” “the center of everything;” the swamp represents the obstacles Oliver faces in her life. She enters the swamp that is “murky” with “dense sap” and “branching vines,” and Oliver must struggle in the swamp in order to move forward. But there is a lack of direction in life and no one struggles the same and no one travels the same path,
Its unable to carry on any longer, alone it is and weak in the cruel world. The narrator who is telling this story has not realized how alike Doodle and the ibis are until he holds Doodle to him in the very end. As he is noticing the pure color of Doodle's blood and the moneyness of his weak limbs. Nature is a recurring symbol in this tender story. The beauty of the natural world enhances Doodle and his brothers live and are like a distraction almost that helps tell the story.
The tree in the story symbolizes junior in such a way that it seems the tree is him. Rushdie is great at placing little symbols for the reader to catch which really adds to the view of the story. No matter how big or small a symbol is, it will always mean something. Junior and senior can be seen as many symbols throughout the story, such as the struggle between life and death, green and gold. Junior and senior always pass this tree one their walk, but fail to realize the trees growth is a clock for their lives.
His situation triggers Coleridge’s imaginative journey where he begins imagining the adventure that his friends were experiencing. Coleridge’s frequent use of exclamation marks in the second stanza emphasises how amazed he was by the beauty of Nature. Also, the repetition of ‘wide’ emphasizes the vastness of the forest and the endless wonders that lie within. The use of expansion and contraction shows Coleridge’s change in view about him not being able to go on the trek. His admiration for the lime-tree bower contrasts with his original hatred for being stuck under the tree.