DNA In Forensic Science

1116 Words5 Pages

DNA in Forensic Science DNA is the carrier of genetic information in humans and other living organisms. It has become a very useful tool in forensic science since it was discovered. In forensic science, DNA testing is used to compare the genetic structure of two individuals to establish whether there is a genetic relationship between them. One example of the use of DNA in forensic science that is important in biology today is comparing a suspect’s DNA profile to DNA that was discovered at a crime scene. This can be done by DNA fingerprinting or by collection of body fluids, such as saliva, semen, urine, blood, skin and hair, found at the scene. Secondly, DNA testing can rule out possible suspects as well. DNA testing can be used to free individuals …show more content…

These microscopic organisms include bacteria and archaea. Population evolution in microbial life refers to the change that occurs in the microscopic organism populations over a SC160 Basic Biology Assignment 08 period of time. Evolution of microbial life is used in science and research for researching and studying diseases caused by the evolving microorganisms. This information is used by scientists to research and develop with medications to fight these diseases. Population evolution and microbial life are presented in the following examples. First, the evolution of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which has led to the resistance to some antiretroviral medications. Second, the H1N1 flu virus is a disease which was nicknamed the swine flu because the virus that causes the disease originated from live pigs, which is where it evolved. (DeNoon and Hitti). Lastly is the evolution of MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus). MRSA is a bacterium that is responsible for various infections in humans that are difficult to treat due to its development of a resistance to common antibiotics. MRSA is very common in hospitals, prisons, and nursing homes. Biological Diversity …show more content…

Speciation is the evolutionary process by which new species are formed. This process is responsible for species diversity over geologic time. Another example of biodiversity evolution is genetic biodiversity. Genetic biodiversity is the variation of the genes that exist within a specific species. Maintaining a genetic diversity gives the population protection against change, which allows it to evolve and adapt to a new environment. The last example is ecological biodiversity, which is the variation in SC160 Basic Biology Assignment 08 the ecosystems that are found in a region or the whole planet. We see this type of biodiversity evolution all around us. For example, the forest of Maine versus the forests of Colorado. Plant and Animal

Show More
Open Document