Japanese Bombing The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was necessary in order for Japan to surrender, save American lives, and keep the Soviet Union from expanding its influence in Asia. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. held a conference in which they made it official that they were at war with Japan and ready to strike back as soon as possible. The bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki made the Japanese realize that they couldn’t afford another fatal bombing and cause innocent people to die again so shortly after the bombing, they surrendered to the United States. Soon after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the United States knew that they had to come up with a plan to invade Japan and force them to surrender. As the United States were planning on how to invade Japan, there had been a lot of controversy between Chairman of the Joint Chiefs Staff Admiral William Leahy, Secretary of War Henry Stimson as to how to attack Japan until Secretary of State James Byrnes brought up the idea of bombing Japan without any warning, shocking Japan into surrendering. According to document A, “Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives.” The quote from document A shows that Truman had to use anything available in order to save American …show more content…
War is immoral. War is cruel.” After the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, according to the tables shown on document E a total of 135,000 died at Hiroshima and a total of 64,000 died at Nagasaki and most of the deaths were cause by burns, very little from falling debris and flying glass. These 2 documents show how much havoc the atomic bombs caused and the effects it had which caused a total of 199,000 casualties to die from the bombing and making Japan surrender so they won’t risk another bombing and many more casualties to
The U.S. viewed bombings as a necessity because Truman gave the Japanese a chance to surrender when he issued the Potsdam Declaration. In his message, Truman warned the Japanese that if they would not unconditionally surrender that they would be struck with “prompt and utter destruction.” Similarly, by bombing the Japanese it would spare up to 1 million American lives along with 250,000 British casualties because U.S and allied soldiers didn’t have to attempt to invade the heavily guarded Japanese territories. Another reason the United States needed to bomb Japan was dominance. The secretary of state thought it would put the U.S. in a dominant position in the postwar and have power over the Germans.
In “ Before Hiroshima : The Path Towards total War ; Ronald Takaki discusses the various reasons on why America decided to drop the atomic bombs on Japan and why they felt like dropping bombs were better than having to invade. During the time of World War 2, as the bombs were being dropped on different parts on the country, they were not only killing the men that were fighting in the war, but also killing innocent civilians. General Hap Arnold explaines his point of view on why he thinks using atomic bombing in war should be used only in the proper way. He states in the book that “He did not want to violate the widely held American moral view that war should be fought against soldiers, not civilians”. (Pg.26)
In the United States, it is often taught that the use of nuclear weapons in Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the deciding factor for the Japanese to surrender during World War II. However, upon closer inspection that may not be the reason why. For example, by the time both cities were destroyed Japan had already lost dozens of cities to American fire bombs and conventional raids. As a result, the only difference between the cities that were previously burned and Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the type of weapon used. Therefore,the Japanese government was aware and accustomed to loosing cities and large number of civilian lives.
Not only did the bomb kill thousands of people, houses and buildings got burned down, causing so many to be poor and homeless. Before the U.S. dropped the bomb on the Japanese, Japanese was already losing in the war and was ready to surrender. In the document 2 it states, “The use of the barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan. The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender…” This text proves that the Japanese was already about to surrender.
In an attempt to get Japan to surrender to the Allies, in August 1945, the United States dropped two atomic bombs on the nation. The first bomb was dropped on Hiroshima and the second on Nagasaki. Although these bombs did contribute to Japan’s surrender and the end of the war, the use of this atomic weapon was an irrational and horrible decision. The United States should have abstained from using the two atomic bombs on Japan for the sake of civilian lives and possible alternatives to their decision. These bombs not only had detrimental effects on Japan, they also led to an arms race amongst several nations.
On August 6,1945 Hiroshima and Nagasaki were attacked by atomic bombs that were dropped by the U.S Military. Over 200,000 people were killed. The United States used the bomb to end the war with Japan, which began in 1941 when Japan launched an unprovoked attack on Pearl Harbor. Many people believe that dropping the atomic bombs was the right thing to do because if they did not use it, there would be four more years of fighting and hundreds of thousands more US soldiers would have died because the Japanese refused to surrender.
For years after the war and even today, people have debated over a massive question. Should the Americans have dropped nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during WWII? There may never be a correct answer. In my own opinion, the U.S. made no mistake in dropping the two nuclear bombs on Japan.
In order to end an agonizing war, the Americans felt it necessary to drop the atomic bomb on Japan, as “conventional weapons” were not as effective as needed. Once and for all the Americans hoped to pull the rug under the Japanese and stop them from standing up once more to fight a terrible war. The attack on Pearl Harbor lead to escalating tensions between America and Japan. Finally, the atomic bomb was used to save more lives than it took. Although there is no way to know how many more soldiers would have died if the atomic bombs were not dropped, there most likely would have been millions more lying dead at the end of war.
Moreover, Japan’s not the reason this war started, yet two of their cities were obliterated, and many civilians died for doing nothing. Even Japan knew they were losing, and their military was weak, and the U.S. saw that, except they still dropped the bomb. “Certainly...Japan would have surrendered, even if the atomic bombs had not been dropped.” (The United States Strategic Bombing) In addition, Japan got
The atomic bombing in Hiroshima is a historical, forever-reigning mystery to the Japanese. We can learn from our past by thinking before we make a decision that could impact the life of others and by helping each other in a time of need to come together. By thinking before we make a life-changing decision, we could save many future lives. For example, when America made the decision to drop a nuclear bomb on Japan, they had put no thought into how the power and devastation of the nuclear destruction would impact so many innocent lives, young and old.
President Truman and his associates believed that if they dropped the bomb they would receive surrender from Japan. Thus, saving millions of American lives, and ending the war. Nevertheless, by saving American lives they would sacrifice thousands of Japanese civilians. They had other idea to have Japan to surrender, but were willing to take the one that would have the most consequences. They were thinking too much about the US instead of creating actually peace within the nations.
During harry S. Truman's presidency he was faced with one of the most world altering decisions in the war against japan. The use of atomic weapons would set an example of the united states of america’s military strength,power and knowledge of a very destructive technology. It was necessary for president Truman to drop the atomic bomb on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki for these reasons. American soilders were tired from the four years of fighting and a surrender from Japan was not in sight.. In (Doc L) it says the bomb saved more lives than killed people in the end, President Truman needed to retaliate for their attack on Pearl Harbor and the bomb would just end the war more quicker.
"Ending the war earlier saved possibly millions of lives, both Japanese and American. "(Jake, closing statement) This compelling statement convinced me that the bombing of Hiroshima was an act that flowed logically from history, and we cannot in retrospect claim to know what the Japanese would or would not have done. However, I think that had I been there, knowing what I know now through compelling evidence from the defense team, I would have been trapped in a logic that ultimately justified itself: Japan surrendered, and Asia was saved from a greater evil. This was the major reason provided for seeking a 'quick end' to the war through the use of the atomic bomb.
Before World War Two, Japan was considered as a world power, an undefeatable country. However, everything changed after America bombed two cities in Japan, Hiroshima and Nagasaki. There were many effects that the bombing had on the country, such as many innocent civilians were dead because of it, many civilians lost hope in their country, To start off, one of the factors that were greatly affected by the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki was the civilians, and the numerous casualties it caused. During the first bombed city, Hiroshima, it's estimated from seventy thousand to eighty thousand people were killed immediately, which consist of thirty percent of the town population. While, sixty-nine thousand were terribly injured.