Should parents be given the opportunity to select traits for their children? According to “The Ethics of Designer Babies”, there are at least 11 cons about the ability to design babies. Many people believe it shouldn’t be allowed because the babies are a mix of the two parents, and shouldn’t be some genetically modified human. “Life Science” states that if parents start modifying their children to be the best they came be, that generation is going to be pretty similar to one another. They would also take jobs from people who are not genetically modified and basically kill off the non-modified human race.
In this study of Human Betterment Foundations, it is clearly noticed that more females than males were sterilized, accordingly 9067 females and 6999 males. Not to mention what happened during the Nazi period, Hitler’s infamous propaganda against Jewish shocked everyone. Briefly, several German scientist visited America, took experience and applied similar methods to people considered as “lives unworthy of life”, in order to obtain a society with only Aryan features. Disabled people, Jewish, gypsies and more were isolated in concentration camps or sterilized. Apart from the tortures, Nazis eugenic program intensified to death camps, resulting to more than 6000000 Jewish killed.
First, one of the most common arguments against cloning is that people will lose their individuality if they are cloned. However, it is important to remember that cloning only creates a genetically identical copy of an organism, with a completely different personality. Quoted from “‘Goodbye Dolly?’ : the ethics of human cloning”, to clone Bill Clinton would not produce more Presidents of the United States, just humans who looked like him but had a different individuality. Another argument is that it is a waste of human potential to create a spare embryo for preimplantation testing and then discard it.
Eugenics is the science of using artificial selection to improve genetic features of the population. It is thought that improvement of the human race can be seen through sterilization of people who exhibit undesirable traits and selective breeding. Often called Social Darwinism, the concept was widely accepted during the time of World War I. It quickly became a taboo after World War II when Nazi Germany used it as an excuse for genocide. The thought of improving the human race by manipulating who is allowed to breed can either be appalling or compelling.
The Treaty of Versailles had a huge effect on Germany. To start off with, Germany was hurt politically. When the Treaty of Versailles was first proposed, the government did not agree with the Treaty of Versailles and not only resigned, but also refused to sign the Treaty of Versailles. The new incoming government had no choice but to just sign the Treaty of Versailles. This hurt the government and their connection that they could have possibly had with the Germans because the government was accused of stabbing the people of Germany in the back because of the fact that they signed the Treaty of Versailles.
Many great things can be accomplished through genetic engineering, but scientific progress is being halted by the opposition 's use of arguments with questionable logic. Most notably is their fear of designer babies. The problem with designer babies is that complex beneficial traits such as height, strength, intelligence, and attractiveness aren’t determined by one gene, and are also dependent on many other variables that aren’t genetic. Some traits such as the shape of an earlobe, eye color, or an individual’s susceptibility to certain diseases are determined by a single gene, and that specific gene can be identified and isolated by scientists. Professor of translational epidemiology at Emory University, Cecile Janssens states, “Even when all genes and their complex interactions are completely understood, our ability to use gene editing for favorable traits will remain limited because human traits are just not genetic enough.”
This quote shows gypsies who were either completely gypsy or ‘mixed’ were eventually sent to concentration camps. And fourteen thousand is just the first group of gypsies to be sent to concentration camps, over twenty five thousand gypsies were eventually killed in concentration camps. Gypsies went through many of the same conditions and experiences as Jews during the holocaust, making gypsies the first non-Jewish group affected by the
We have also extended our knowledge of the human body and mind. Without human experimentation many of the diseases that were previously eradicated would still be prevalent, and plaguing mankind. As stated earlier, our lives would have been much different if human experimentation hadn 't taken place. If people like Edward Jenner, who invented the smallpox vaccination had thought that human experimentation was unethical, our population as of current would be much less, possibly even eliminated.
This is because I think that the ethical and moral issues outweigh the benefits. It is true that it allows people to have the opportunity to determine if their children are prone to getting a certain disease however, at the same time judging the life of someone who is not even born is unethical. If genetic screening is allowed, it will result in parents trying to make the ideal and perfect babies otherwise known as “designer babies.” Due to this, it will lead to decreased genetic diversity for example, Down syndrome and Autism. People with these kind of diseases tend to make the world more compassionate and humane.
According to the author Arthur Caplan one of the possible benefits of genetic engineering is eliminating genes known to cause cancers and hereditary diseases, “This would allow us to eliminate heartily diseases (sickle anemia, type one diabetes, and so) allowing our children to live a better life” (Caplan). By being able to cut out a certain genes that are connected to cancers and hereditary would lead to lesser amount of people dying and suffering from something that they have no say over. The author Gordon Dillow argues that a possible discoveries would lead to more of a perfect population, “The results of such discoveries could benefit humans immensely, possibly eradicating genetic defects” (Dillow). With many benefits of Genetic Engineering there are still those who oppose to it.
“Humans have long since possessed the tools for crafting a better world. Where love, compassion, altruism and justice have failed, genetic manipulation will not succeed.” This was written by Gina Maranto in “Quest for Perfection: The Drive to Breed Better Human Beings book.” You may think genetic engineering has lots of positive aspects with no negative aspects but as much positive aspects it has as many as negative aspects it has. It can introduce a disease which may not be curable.
I read ‘The Bar Code Tattoo’ by Suzanne Weyn. I really didn’t enjoy the book very much to be honest, but it had a really cool idea. It was where people get tattoos of barcodes, instead of things like IDs and credit cards. There was a resistance group, and they found out that the barcodes held their genetic information as well. The government was trying to weed out any people with ‘bad genes’, and create a perfect race, then clone everyone a bunch.
In other parts of the world like Britain, eugenics was seen to cause public fear of genetics. However, this fear was considered by scientists and ethicists to be as a result of misunderstanding or ignorance. The conservative view is that the eugenics movement of the first four decades of this century was based on misunderstandings of genetics or bad science. The implication of this view is that now we know so much more about genes, and have witnessed the terrible cost of eugenics, we would not make that mistake again.
How would you feel if your parents constructed you, would you feel dehumanized, or how about deprived of your individuality? Advances in medicine, like designer babies, are not beneficial because designer babies can only be used by the rich, babies lose their individuality, and genes are not perfect. The only reason the rich can use this is because it cost $100,000. If you decide to create your own baby you could change anything from their hair color to what diseases they get. Genes are not perfect because not all diseases can be cured by this process and people think this process can cure any diseases they do not want their child to have.