Social learning and subcultural accounts of criminality reflect those crimes that are more likely to be committed by the working class-poor and middle. These two theories require a level of social interactions with in member of a society. This interaction is a rather negative one since it leads to no other than deviancy. Divency according to these theories occurs either from an earlier point in life or later on. Important to note, deviance is not a daily norm. It only occurs in a manner that will result in a gain of respect or position. Social learning and subcultural theory revolve around the influence social circles have on an individual. These circles range in size but are not massively huge across the board. These groups are so influential …show more content…
Some even call it a lie since, “no evidence that any subcultural values required or condoned illegal behavior” (Erlanger, 1979). Erlanger’s idea basically discredits the theory in its entirety. Negative connotations are no stranger to this theory and as result, it has decreased in relevance. However, the subcultural theory is still a thing and affecting criminal behavior significantly. Subcultural theory deals with class as its primary vehicle. Therefore, influencing those classes who have received a negative connotation attached to be more criminally involved. The same idea happens in a gang. Gangs are seen as a burden to society, yet those in the gang see the gang itself as a ritual. A ritual of goodness that despite what the public opinion says, they are in all in favor of it. From there, norms and regulations are set thus further enhancing gang …show more content…
As a kid, you are deeply influenced by your peers. In fact, you are taught to mirror and abide to you your peers. Nevertheless, not all peers are good peers. So if you were raised by a deviant peers, you would more than likely reflect their behavior somehow. The reflection of this behavior could be traced in their behavior in schools. Fighting or getting in trouble are good indicators of a potential deviant peers. If a certain level of maturation within the child 's does not occur as the kid gets older, it is almost inevitably for the child to lean towards criminality. The same dilemma applies to subcultural accounts. If you are prone to a deviant environment and find justification with it like respect or protection, you are going to enhance that in order to survive. Mafias are living proof of the subcultural theory, the elicit to criminally in order to have financial gain and survive. Some societies on one hand somehow accept it because they are either born into the family or receive a beneficial gain from it. Lastly, a connection can be drawn between these two theories. Most deviant peers are as kids are introduced to criminality at an early age as well. Making them part of the subculture for one and indulging in it later on, since that 's what they know and been witnessing for a while. This in fact seems to be a never ending cycle that should receive more attention and is a possible
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They were drawn into the gang life because people in gangs offered not only protection but a family, and power they wanted. It gives kids a sense of belonging and control over their own life. It is necessary tool to survive that is why many kids join the gangs. Throughout this book he explained that there is no functional system of these kids that have nothing better to do with their time. This affects kid’s way to get to the American
Like many other attitudes and behaviors, we acquire in life, we can also learn how to be a willing participant in criminal behavior by being taught to do so. A child learns by observing others that they are in direct contact with and then imitate what they have observed, which carries on into adulthood. Of course, there are several environmental factors that can play into whether an individual learns to be a criminal or not, and those can boil down to where they live, how their family environment is, who they grow up around, their parents’ job or lack thereof, etc. Based off the text, Elijah Anderson’s The Code of the Street, criminal behavior is learned through this code that spells out how criminal behavior is learned, what it entails, how it is executed, and how it is passed down from family to
In this sense, influence of peers is easily a tell-tale sign of future criminal behavior. If a child is less involved with their peers and outcasted the likelihood of the child becoming criminal rises. Aditionally, if a child were brought up in either socioeconomic standpoints, child abuse/neglect plays a significant role in future criminality. A study shows that a child who experienced abuse/neglect were at a 50% higher risk to involve themselves in criminal acts. This goes to show that nature vs. nurture are significant factors in criminal behavior.
A child’s mind is still developing at the ages when they go to school. These years are the most crucial in how a child’s future is shaped, and how they look at the world. This means that they are also very vulnerable though. Exposure to this sort of beyond unruly behavior and criminal activity at this early age could lead to children growing up believing that that is fine and normal. When they are adults, this could lead to serious problems such as them joining a gang, or being involved in drug related activity.
The various results coming from group inclusion can have shifting degrees of short and long haul negative results. Youth who wind up associated with organized crime confront the expanded danger of dropping out, teen parenthood, unemployment, victimization, drug, and alcohol abuse, and committing crimes. Further, an adolescent's association with a group additionally prompts an improved probability of monetary hardship and family issues in adulthood, which thus, add to inclusion in wrongdoing and additionally capture in adulthood. Research has recommended that the more extended a youthful remains in a pack the more disturbance he or she will be understanding while at the same time progressing into adulthood and in adulthood itself. As moving drugs turned into an inexorably focal piece of this type of gang life, profiting turned into the primary objective.
A person is not born as a criminal, it is watched and picked up on by the individual through social influences. The theory can predict whether an individual will turn to a criminal path rather than one that abides by the laws. If a person watches crime be committed and is around crimes and deviant behvavior during their impressionable years, it is much more likely that they will follow in those footsteps and become a criminal themselves. The motivation for crime could be heightened by being low-class or living in a high-crime community. One of the main critiques is that people can be individually motivated.
Criticism of Merton’s Strain Theory One critique of the strain theory is how it overemphasis the position of the social class in regards to crime and deviance. As we know, the strain theory applies mainly to the American lower class as they struggle the most. Our lower class are faced with the lack of resources to help them reconcile their goals. However, by looking at the variation of deviant and criminal behavior, the strain theory does not adequately account for any type of crimes besides the normal street or neighborhood crimes.
In the 1940s, Robert Merton proposed a biological explanations of deviance with the conclusion that biology cannot account for similarities from one society to the next in the new era and range of deviance (Author Unknown, p 1). His primary focus was on why the rates of deviance differ so dramatically in different societies and for different subgroups within a single society which reflected back on the roles of the culture, particularly its unifying aspects; giving an explanation for the distribution of deviant behavior across groups defined by class, race, ethnicity, and the alike (Author Unknown, p 1). Leading Merton to borrow a concept from Durkheim to analyze situations in which culture creates deviance and conflict to a situation in which cultural norms break down because of rapid change leading people unable to adapt (Author Unknown, p 1). Merton define his concept to concentrate on a situation’s disparity between the culture's norms on what constitutes success in life (goals) and the culture's norms on the appropriate ways to achieve those
Impacts of Gang Violence Tarrant Cares says, “Once a child is lost to a gang, it is hard to get him or her back because the gang can literally become a surrogate family for that young person” (“Why Youth Join Gangs.”) Don’t let your child get lost in a gang. Young people get involved in gangs to try to find a sense of purpose. Gang violence impacts the level of crimes in communities and provides a bad environment for children and families. It’s hard to get youth back once they’ve joined a gang because they’ve become loyal and don’t want to leave.
For instance, juvenile gangs provide an environment in which young people learn to become criminals. These gangs glorify violence, retaliation, and crime as a means to achieving social status. Gang members learn to be deviant as they embrace and conform to their gang 's norms. Although this is not always the fault of these gang members’ parents, they should be held accountable for their actions to a certain extent. Not only parents of gang members, but any child that shows the disruptive deviant behavior, both the child and parents should be held accountable.
The Mara Salvatrucha or MS-13 is an international gang that was initiated in Los Angeles, California in the 1980s that were Hispanics. Most of the members in the gang is culturally composed of Central Americans. The gang is mostly in the neighborhood where their lives people that are poor or living in poverty. The gang has now stretched towards other areas besides Central America. Some of the areas where MS-13 is affiliated is El Salvador, Mexico, Canada, and the United States.
Documentation proves that social values make a commitment to criminal behavior, but that the presence of a genuine elective culture in out society has not been found. In any case, a few subcultural pockets, especially with respect to inner-city gangs, certainly exist and gives a few legitimacy for this point of view of deviance. With respect to social disorganization, we’ve established that neighborhood crime-fighting organizations are the hardest to set up in high-crime neighborhoods and the easiest to construct in low rate crime. With all that being said, there have been a few victories. Looking into intervention and outreach programs based on the cultural and subcultural perspectives might be a way to help lower-class, middle-class, or even inner-city
Emily Herman Soc 101 Garth 31 March, 2015 Viewpoints on Gangs Gangs have been thought to be tyrants for many years. To most people all they can see are kids or adults who are nothing but criminals. However, no one really stops to think of the reasoning’s behind why a person may join a gang. Instead everyone sees what they want to see and nothing else. With this in mind, based on the perspectives people take, there may be many different ways to look at gangs.
One reason is their inexperience and youth. A lot of times being young and having a lack of experience can lead teenagers into dangerous and often criminal situations, such as joining gangs, taking or dealing drugs and drinking. A teen 's discretion isn 't as fully developed as that of an adult. Also, many teenagers lack positive role models in their lives. If a teenager is part of a family that is either setting a bad example (by engaging in criminal activity themselves) or entirely absent, they have no one to show them the correct path in life.